How to format your references using the British Journal of Religious Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for British Journal of Religious Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ball, Philip. 2011. “Crisis Response: The New History.” Nature 480 (7378): 447–448.
A journal article with 2 authors
Dutcher, J. R., and M. D. Ediger. 2008. “Materials Science. Glass Surfaces Not so Glassy.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 319 (5863): 577–578.
A journal article with 3 authors
Esteban, Joan, Laura Mayoral, and Debraj Ray. 2012. “Ethnicity and Conflict: Theory and Facts.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 336 (6083): 858–865.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Luo, Zhe-Xi, Peiji Chen, Gang Li, and Meng Chen. 2007. “A New Eutriconodont Mammal and Evolutionary Development in Early Mammals.” Nature 446 (7133): 288–293.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Flood, Joanne M. 2014. Practitioner’s Guide to GAAS 2014. Hoboken, New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Rapozzi, Valentina, and Giulio Jori, eds. 2015. Resistance to Photodynamic Therapy in Cancer. Vol. 5. Resistance to Targeted Anti-Cancer Therapeutics. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Escalera, Sergio, Xavier Baró, Oriol Pujol, Jordi Vitrià, and Petia Radeva. 2011. “Traffic Sign Detection and Recognition System.” In Traffic-Sign Recognition Systems, edited by Xavier Baró, Oriol Pujol, Jordi Vitrià, and Petia Radeva, 81–94. SpringerBriefs in Computer Science. London: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for British Journal of Religious Education.

Blog post
Hale, Tom. 2017. “Great Lakes Funding Could Be Cut By 97 Percent Under New EPA Budget.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1977. Reevaluation Needed of Educational Assistance for Institutionalized Neglected or Delinquent Children. HRD-78-11. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Seegmiller Renner, Amy. 2017. “Empathy Development Through Role Modeling: A Qualitative Study of Instructor Experiences.” Doctoral dissertation, Minneapolis, MN: Capella University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Arvedlund, Erin E., and SOPHIA KISHKOVSKY; C.J. Chivers contributed reporting for this article. 2004. “After a Spate of Bombings, Moscow’s Full of Foreboding.” New York Times, September 2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ball 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Ball 2011; Dutcher and Ediger 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Dutcher and Ediger 2008)
  • Three authors: (Esteban, Mayoral, and Ray 2012)
  • 4 or more authors: (Luo et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleBritish Journal of Religious Education
AbbreviationBr. J. Relig. Educ.
ISSN (print)0141-6200
ISSN (online)1740-7931
ScopeReligious studies

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