How to format your references using the British Journal of Religious Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for British Journal of Religious Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smith, Caitlin. 2004. “Getting up Speed.” Nature 428 (6979): 229.
A journal article with 2 authors
Scharfman, Helen E., and Rene Hen. 2007. “Neuroscience. Is More Neurogenesis Always Better?” Science (New York, N.Y.) 315 (5810): 336–338.
A journal article with 3 authors
Coyte, Katharine Z., Jonas Schluter, and Kevin R. Foster. 2015. “The Ecology of the Microbiome: Networks, Competition, and Stability.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 350 (6261): 663–666.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Harada, Yoshito, Yuhei Takagaki, Masahiko Sunagawa, Takako Saito, Lixy Yamada, Hisaaki Taniguchi, Eiichi Shoguchi, and Hitoshi Sawada. 2008. “Mechanism of Self-Sterility in a Hermaphroditic Chordate.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 320 (5875): 548–550.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Jayaweera, Sudharman K. 2014. Signal Processing for Cognitive Radios. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Esposito, Anna, Marcos Faundez-Zanuy, Antonietta M. Esposito, Gennaro Cordasco, Thomas Drugman, Jordi Solé-Casals, and Francesco Carlo Morabito, eds. 2016. Recent Advances in Nonlinear Speech Processing. 1st ed. 2016. Vol. 48. Smart Innovation, Systems and Technologies. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Nguyen, Van-Toi, Hai Vu, and Thanh-Hai Tran. 2015. “An Efficient Combination of RGB and Depth for Background Subtraction.” In Some Current Advanced Researches on Information and Computer Science in Vietnam: Post-Proceedings of The First NAFOSTED Conference on Information and Computer Science, edited by Quang A. Dang, Xuan Hoai Nguyen, Hoai Bac Le, Viet Ha Nguyen, and Vo Nguyen Quoc Bao, 49–63. Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for British Journal of Religious Education.

Blog post
Andrew, Danielle. 2016. “11 Common Traits Of Highly Intelligent People.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1995. Personnel Security: Pass and Security Clearance Data for the Executive Office of the President. NSIAD-96-20. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dickson, Beret. 2008. “Yielding Architecture: A Manifesto for [Urban + Agri]Culture.” Doctoral dissertation, College Park, MD: University of Maryland, College Park.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney, Kelly. 2010. “Only Soy Died for These Dishes.” New York Times, March 28.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smith 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Smith 2004; Scharfman and Hen 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Scharfman and Hen 2007)
  • Three authors: (Coyte, Schluter, and Foster 2015)
  • 4 or more authors: (Harada et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleBritish Journal of Religious Education
AbbreviationBr. J. Relig. Educ.
ISSN (print)0141-6200
ISSN (online)1740-7931
ScopeReligious studies

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