How to format your references using the British Journal of Religious Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for British Journal of Religious Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sommeria, J. 2001. “Unweaving the Whirls.” Nature 413 (6856): 575.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bass, Joseph, and Joseph S. Takahashi. 2010. “Circadian Integration of Metabolism and Energetics.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 330 (6009): 1349–1354.
A journal article with 3 authors
Stuphorn, V., T. L. Taylor, and J. D. Schall. 2000. “Performance Monitoring by the Supplementary Eye Field.” Nature 408 (6814): 857–860.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Li, Kaiyuan, Gyula Eres, Jane Howe, Yen-Jun Chuang, Xufan Li, Zhanjun Gu, Litong Zhang, Sishen Xie, and Zhengwei Pan. 2013. “Self-Assembly of Graphene on Carbon Nanotube Surfaces.” Scientific Reports 3: 2353.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kitajima, Munéo. 2016. Memory and Action Selection in Human-Machine Interaction. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Pavón, Juan, Néstor D. Duque-Méndez, and Rubén Fuentes-Fernández, eds. 2012. Advances in Artificial Intelligence – IBERAMIA 2012: 13th Ibero-American Conference on AI, Cartagena de Indias, Colombia, November 13-16, 2012. Proceedings. Vol. 7637. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Stone, Lynda. 2008. “Educationalization in a USA Present: A Historicist Rendering.” In Educational Research: The Educationalization of Social Problems, edited by Paul Smeyers and Marc Depaepe, 61–78. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for British Journal of Religious Education.

Blog post
Carpineti, Alfredo. 2017. “An AI Was Trained To Create New Colors. It Was Wonderfully Terrible.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1993. Transition From School to Work: H.R. 2884 Addresses Components of Comprehensive Strategy. T-HRD-93-32. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Iniguez, Aracely. 2013. “The Latino Immigrant Families and Involvement with Child Welfare System: A Grant Proposal.” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pinker, Susan. 2015. “Can Students Have Too Much Tech?” New York Times, January 30.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sommeria 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Sommeria 2001; Bass and Takahashi 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bass and Takahashi 2010)
  • Three authors: (Stuphorn, Taylor, and Schall 2000)
  • 4 or more authors: (Li et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleBritish Journal of Religious Education
AbbreviationBr. J. Relig. Educ.
ISSN (print)0141-6200
ISSN (online)1740-7931
ScopeReligious studies

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