How to format your references using the British Journal of Religious Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for British Journal of Religious Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dunn, Barbara. 2012. “Cancer: Solving an Age-Old Problem.” Nature 483 (7387): S2-6.
A journal article with 2 authors
Boomsma, Jacobus J., and Pekka Pamilo. 2010. “Retrospective. Rossiter H. Crozier (1943-2009).” Science (New York, N.Y.) 327 (5961): 45.
A journal article with 3 authors
Agrawal, Arun, Ashwini Chhatre, and Rebecca Hardin. 2008. “Changing Governance of the World’s Forests.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 320 (5882): 1460–1462.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Miyazawa, Hideyuki, Chiaki Ueda, Kensuke Yahata, and Zhi-Hui Su. 2014. “Molecular Phylogeny of Myriapoda Provides Insights into Evolutionary Patterns of the Mode in Post-Embryonic Development.” Scientific Reports 4 (February): 4127.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Reed, Sandra M., and Hrci. 2017. The HRCI Official Body of Knowledge. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Haile-Selassie, Yohannes, and Denise F. Su, eds. 2016. The Postcranial Anatomy of Australopithecus Afarensis: New Insights from KSD-VP-1/1. 1st ed. 2016. Vertebrate Paleobiology and Paleoanthropology. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Giosa, Marcello De. 2007. “First Contact Distribution Function Estimation for a Partially Observed Dynamic Germ-Grain Model with Renewal Dropping Process.” In Math Everywhere: Deterministic and Stochastic Modelling in Biomedicine, Economics and Industry. Dedicated to the 60th Birthday of Vincenzo Capasso, edited by Giacomo Aletti, Alessandra Micheletti, Daniela Morale, and Martin Burger, 51–62. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for British Journal of Religious Education.

Blog post
Andrews, Robin. 2016. “Borneo’s ‘Deep Skull’ Rewrites History Of Human Evolution.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2016. Statutory Copyright Licenses: Stakeholders’ Views on a Phaseout of Licenses for Broadcast Programming. GAO-16-496. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Chambers, Shakeisha. 2008. “Telecommunications Megamergers: Impact on Employee Morale and Turnover Intention.” Doctoral dissertation, Minneapolis, MN: Capella University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hollander, Sophia. 2008. “Imagining a Place Where Cheers Never End.” New York Times, August 10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Dunn 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Dunn 2012; Dunn 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Boomsma and Pamilo 2010)
  • Three authors: (Agrawal, Chhatre, and Hardin 2008)
  • 4 or more authors: (Miyazawa et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleBritish Journal of Religious Education
AbbreviationBr. J. Relig. Educ.
ISSN (print)0141-6200
ISSN (online)1740-7931
ScopeReligious studies

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