How to format your references using the British Journal of Religious Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for British Journal of Religious Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kürti, László. 2015. “Organic Chemistry. Streamlining Amine Synthesis.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 348 (6237): 863–864.
A journal article with 2 authors
Namouni, Faith, and Carolyn Porco. 2002. “The Confinement of Neptune’s Ring Arcs by the Moon Galatea.” Nature 417 (6884): 45–47.
A journal article with 3 authors
Cardinale, Bradley J., Margaret A. Palmer, and Scott L. Collins. 2002. “Species Diversity Enhances Ecosystem Functioning through Interspecific Facilitation.” Nature 415 (6870): 426–429.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Rombouts, Ine, Bert Lagrain, Markus Brunnbauer, Jan A. Delcour, and Peter Koehler. 2013. “Improved Identification of Wheat Gluten Proteins through Alkylation of Cysteine Residues and Peptide-Based Mass Spectrometry.” Scientific Reports 3: 2279.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Grimes, Roger A. 2017. Hacking the Hacker. Indianapolis, Indiana: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Bertolotto, Michela, Cyril Ray, and Xiang Li, eds. 2008. Web and Wireless Geographical Information Systems: 8th International Symposium, W2GIS 2008, Shanghai, China, December 11-12, 2008. Proceedings. Vol. 5373. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Burnett, Leonard E., and Andrea Hoffman. 2010. “Meet the Royaltons.” In Black Is the New Green: Marketing to Affluent African Americans, edited by Andrea Hoffman, 81–97. New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan US.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for British Journal of Religious Education.

Blog post
Luntz, Stephen. 2016. “Vaccines Against HPV Really Do Reduce Cervical Cancer Rates.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2001. Telecommuting: Overview of Challenges Facing Federal Agencies. GAO-01-1116T. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Boudreau, Paul Davis. 2015. “Orthogonality in Natural Products Workflows.” Doctoral dissertation, La Jolla, CA: University of California San Diego.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, Mary Williams. 2016. “Treasury Official Urges Congress to Act Quickly on Puerto Rico.” New York Times, April 14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kürti 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Kürti 2015; Namouni and Porco 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Namouni and Porco 2002)
  • Three authors: (Cardinale, Palmer, and Collins 2002)
  • 4 or more authors: (Rombouts et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleBritish Journal of Religious Education
AbbreviationBr. J. Relig. Educ.
ISSN (print)0141-6200
ISSN (online)1740-7931
ScopeReligious studies

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