How to format your references using the British Journal of Religious Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for British Journal of Religious Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Triendl, Robert. 2002. “Slim Pickings for Silicon Specialists.” Nature 416 (6877): 6–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Maillard, Ivan, and Warren S. Pear. 2007. “Immunology. Keeping a Tight Leash on Notch.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 316 (5826): 840–842.
A journal article with 3 authors
Poon, Vivian Y., Matthew P. Klassen, and Kang Shen. 2008. “UNC-6/Netrin and Its Receptor UNC-5 Locally Exclude Presynaptic Components from Dendrites.” Nature 455 (7213): 669–673.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Wardle, David A., Greger Hörnberg, Olle Zackrisson, Maarit Kalela-Brundin, and David A. Coomes. 2003. “Long-Term Effects of Wildfire on Ecosystem Properties across an Island Area Gradient.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 300 (5621): 972–975.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chen, Ken. 2015. Performance Evaluation by Simulation and Analysis with Applications to Computer Networks. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Quirk, Thomas J. 2014. Excel 2010 for Human Resource Management Statistics: A Guide to Solving Practical Problems. Edited by Julie Palmer-Schuyler. Excel for Statistics. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Ono, Yumie, and Atsushi Ishiyama. 2008. “Magnetoencephalography: Basic Theory and Estimation Techniques of Working Brain Activity.” In Novel Trends in Brain Science: Brain Imaging, Learning and Memory, Stress and Fear, and Pain, edited by Minoru Onozuka and Chen-Tung Yen, 77–93. Tokyo: Springer Japan.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for British Journal of Religious Education.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2014. “Flat Battery? New Prototype Turns Waste Heat Into Electricity.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2004. Regulatory Programs: Opportunities to Enhance Oversight of the Real Estate Appraisal Industry. GAO-04-580T. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Paik, Yonjeong. 2012. “Redefining Multidisciplinary Teams: An Institutional Approach.” Doctoral dissertation, College Park, MD: University of Maryland, College Park.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Oestreich, James R. 2017. “Company for a Winter Journey.” New York Times, August 14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Triendl 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Triendl 2002; Maillard and Pear 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Maillard and Pear 2007)
  • Three authors: (Poon, Klassen, and Shen 2008)
  • 4 or more authors: (Wardle et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleBritish Journal of Religious Education
AbbreviationBr. J. Relig. Educ.
ISSN (print)0141-6200
ISSN (online)1740-7931
ScopeReligious studies

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