How to format your references using the Brain Research Bulletin citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Brain Research Bulletin. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Knutson, B., 2004. Behavior. Sweet revenge? Science 305, 1246–1247.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kalia, J., Swartz, K.J., 2013. Exploring structure-function relationships between TRP and Kv channels. Sci. Rep. 3, 1523.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ahn, C.H., Triscone, J.-M., Mannhart, J., 2003. Electric field effect in correlated oxide systems. Nature 424, 1015–1018.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Hillaire-Marcel, C., de Vernal, A., Bilodeau, G., Weaver, A.J., 2001. Absence of deep-water formation in the Labrador Sea during the last interglacial period. Nature 410, 1073–1077.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Köhler, M., 2005. Nanotechnologie. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, FRG.
An edited book
Herren, M., 2012. Transcultural History: Theories, Methods, Sources, Transcultural Research – Heidelberg Studies on Asia and Europe in a Global Context. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Sakorafas, G.H., Smyrniotis, V., Sarr, M.G., 2015. Clinical Features and Laboratory Investigation, in: Sakorafas, G.H., Smyrniotis, V., Sarr, M.G. (Eds.), Pancreatic Cystic Neoplasms: From Imaging to Differential Diagnosis and Management. Springer, Milano, pp. 25–36.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Brain Research Bulletin.

Blog post
Taub, B., 2016. Scientists Have Connected Rabbit Retinas To Computer Chips To Learn How Our Brains Experience The World [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2004. Applying Agreed-Upon Procedures: Highway Trust Fund Excise Taxes (No. GAO-05-28R). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Luse, K.M., 2008. Invariants of knots, graphs, and Feynman diagrams (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shultz, G.P., Aspe, P., 2017. Nafta Needs An Update, Not Repeal. New York Times A21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Knutson, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Kalia and Swartz, 2013; Knutson, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kalia and Swartz, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Hillaire-Marcel et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleBrain Research Bulletin
AbbreviationBrain Res. Bull.
ISSN (print)0361-9230
ScopeGeneral Neuroscience

Other styles