How to format your references using the Brain Research Bulletin citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Brain Research Bulletin. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dinman, J.D., 2015. Molecular biology: Entry signals control development. Nature 517, 24–25.
A journal article with 2 authors
Goldstein, J.L., Brown, M.S., 2012. History of science. A golden era of Nobel laureates. Science 338, 1033–1034.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lee, M.G., Park, H.S., Hwang, H.S., 2010. Detection of a large-scale structure of intracluster globular clusters in the Virgo cluster. Science 328, 334–336.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Mao, W.L., Mao, H.-K., Meng, Y., Eng, P.J., Hu, M.Y., Chow, P., Cai, Y.Q., Shu, J., Hemley, R.J., 2006. X-ray-induced dissociation of H2O and formation of an O2-H2 alloy at high pressure. Science 314, 636–638.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bittner, M., 2014. Temporality: Universals and Variation. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Abubakar, M., Saeed, A., Kul, O. (Eds.), 2015. The Role of Biotechnology in Improvement of Livestock: Animal Health and Biotechnology. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Panopoulou, E., Dalakiouridou, E., Tambouris, E., Tarabanis, K., 2012. Citizens’ Evaluation of an Online Argument Visualisation Platform for eParticipation, in: Tambouris, E., Macintosh, A., Sæbø, Ø. (Eds.), Electronic Participation: 4th IFIP WG 8.5 International Conference, EPart 2012, Kristiansand, Norway, September 3-5, 2012. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 49–60.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Brain Research Bulletin.

Blog post
Davis, J., 2016. AIDS Epidemic In Australia Declared “Over” By Experts [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1990. Implementation of the Technology Transfer Act: A Preliminary Assessment (No. T-PEMD-90-4). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ogawa, N., 2012. A Man Walks into the World (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hartocollis, A., 2015. Latest Economic Lifeline Is a Leafy One. New York Times A14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Dinman, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Dinman, 2015; Goldstein and Brown, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Goldstein and Brown, 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Mao et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleBrain Research Bulletin
AbbreviationBrain Res. Bull.
ISSN (print)0361-9230
ScopeGeneral Neuroscience

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