How to format your references using the Brain Research Bulletin citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Brain Research Bulletin. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ivins, E.R., 2009. Ocean science. Ice sheet stability and sea level. Science 324, 888–889.
A journal article with 2 authors
Picollo, A., Pusch, M., 2005. Chloride/proton antiporter activity of mammalian CLC proteins ClC-4 and ClC-5. Nature 436, 420–423.
A journal article with 3 authors
Oxborrow, M., Breeze, J.D., Alford, N.M., 2012. Room-temperature solid-state maser. Nature 488, 353–356.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Aizawa, H., Hu, S.-C., Bobb, K., Balakrishnan, K., Ince, G., Gurevich, I., Cowan, M., Ghosh, A., 2004. Dendrite development regulated by CREST, a calcium-regulated transcriptional activator. Science 303, 197–202.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Fasano, A., 2014. Engineer Your Own Success. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Yung, B., Kam Por, Y. (Eds.), 2016. Ethical Dilemmas in Public Policy: The Dynamics of Social Values in the East-West Context of Hong Kong, 1st ed. 2016. ed, Governance and Citizenship in Asia. Springer, Singapore.
A chapter in an edited book
Cortez-Castro, D.H., 2016. Vivencias (Lived Experiences) of a Feminist Chicana as Praxis, in: Kitchen, J., Tidwell, D., Fitzgerald, L. (Eds.), Self-Study and Diversity II: Inclusive Teacher Education for a Diverse World. SensePublishers, Rotterdam, pp. 39–53.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Brain Research Bulletin.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Pigs Shot In The Head For Science [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1977. Control of the National Science Foundation Peer Review Study (No. HRD-77-67). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Martinez, J.C., 2015. Theoretically tested remediation in response to insect resistance to Bt corn and Bt cotton: A new paradigm (Doctoral dissertation). Mississippi State University, Mississippi State, MS.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Blecher, G., 2016. The Diners Fade Away. New York Times MB1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ivins, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Ivins, 2009; Picollo and Pusch, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Picollo and Pusch, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Aizawa et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleBrain Research Bulletin
AbbreviationBrain Res. Bull.
ISSN (print)0361-9230
ScopeGeneral Neuroscience

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