How to format your references using the Brain Research Bulletin citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Brain Research Bulletin. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
McNally, R.J., 2006. Psychology. Psychiatric casualties of war. Science 313, 923–924.
A journal article with 2 authors
Dixon, A.R., Sato, H., 2014. High speed and adaptable error correction for megabit/s rate quantum key distribution. Sci. Rep. 4, 7275.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ji, M., Odelius, M., Gaffney, K.J., 2010. Large angular jump mechanism observed for hydrogen bond exchange in aqueous perchlorate solution. Science 328, 1003–1005.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Schreiber, K., Crawford, J.D., Fetter, M., Tweed, D., 2001. The motor side of depth vision. Nature 410, 819–822.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Taylor, B., 2005. Effective Environmental, Health, and Safety Management Using the Team Approach. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Close, J.-P. (Ed.), 2016. AiREAS: Sustainocracy for a Healthy City: The Invisible made Visible Phase 1, SpringerBriefs on Case Studies of Sustainable Development. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
VanDerwarker, A.M., Wilson, G.D., 2016. War, Food, and Structural Violence in the Mississippian Central Illinois Valley, in: VanDerwarker, A.M., Wilson, G.D. (Eds.), The Archaeology of Food and Warfare: Food Insecurity in Prehistory. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 75–105.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Brain Research Bulletin.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J., 2017. This Is Our First Image Of The TRAPPIST-1 System [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1993. Energy and Science Reports and Testimony: 1992 (No. RCED-93-131). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cheung, M., 2010. An integrated change model in project management (Doctoral dissertation). University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Johnston, D., Greenhouse, L., 2005. ’01 Resolution Is Central to ’05 Controversy. New York Times A25.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (McNally, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Dixon and Sato, 2014; McNally, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Dixon and Sato, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Schreiber et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleBrain Research Bulletin
AbbreviationBrain Res. Bull.
ISSN (print)0361-9230
ScopeGeneral Neuroscience

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