How to format your references using the Brain Research Bulletin citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Brain Research Bulletin. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Atwood, G., 2008. Engineering. Phase-change materials for electronic memories. Science 321, 210–211.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wheeler, T.D., Stroock, A.D., 2008. The transpiration of water at negative pressures in a synthetic tree. Nature 455, 208–212.
A journal article with 3 authors
Moran, N.A., McLaughlin, H.J., Sorek, R., 2009. The dynamics and time scale of ongoing genomic erosion in symbiotic bacteria. Science 323, 379–382.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Creel, S., Christianson, D., Liley, S., Winnie, J.A., Jr, 2007. Predation risk affects reproductive physiology and demography of elk. Science 315, 960.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Nógrádi, M., 2007. Stereoselective Synthesis. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH, Weinheim, Germany.
An edited book
Ferrario, M., Ciccotti, G., Binder, K. (Eds.), 2006. Computer Simulations in Condensed Matter Systems: From Materials to Chemical Biology Volume 1, Lecture Notes in Physics. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Wu, S., Fan, Y., Tian, Y., 2013. Colorectal Surgery, in: Wu, S., Fan, Y., Tian, Y. (Eds.), Atlas of Single-Incision Laparoscopic Operations in General Surgery. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 95–182.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Brain Research Bulletin.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2016. Winter May Be Returning To Westeros, But Our Next Ice Age Is On Hold [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1980. Requirements for Recurring Reports to the Congress (No. PAD-80-49). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Alai, N.L., 2017. Development of a Sport-Specific Curriculum Addressing Selfefficacy to Optimize Carbohydrate and Calorie Intake Among Male and Female High School Cross-Country Runners (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Lyman, R., 2017. Polish President Offers Plan to End Court Crisis, but the Response Is Tepid. New York Times A8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Atwood, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Atwood, 2008; Wheeler and Stroock, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wheeler and Stroock, 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Creel et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleBrain Research Bulletin
AbbreviationBrain Res. Bull.
ISSN (print)0361-9230
ScopeGeneral Neuroscience

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