How to format your references using the Blood citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Blood. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Fadri-Moskwik M. Love knows no boundaries. Science. 2015;348(6231):254.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gombosi TI, Hansen KC. Saturn’s variable magnetosphere. Science. 2005;307(5713):1224–1226.
A journal article with 3 authors
Seto KC, Kaufmann RK, Woodcock CE. Landsat reveals China’s farmland reserves, but they’re vanishing fast. Nature. 2000;406(6792):121.
A journal article with 6 or more authors
Ran J, Wu L, Wei B, Chen Y, Xu T. Simultaneous enhancements of conductivity and stability for anion exchange membranes (AEMs) through precise structure design. Sci. Rep. 2014;4:6486.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Stuart B. Forensic Analytical Techniques: Stuart/Forensic Analytical Techniques. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2012.
An edited book
Hubálek Z. Microbial Zoonoses and Sapronoses. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
Messie D, Oh JC. SWARMs of Self-Organizing Polymorphic Agents. Swarm Intelligent Systems. 2006;75–90.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Blood.

Blog post
Andrew E. Can Genetics Find A ‘Cure’ For Autism? IFLScience. 2015;


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Air Traffic Control: Software Problems at Control Centers Need Immediate Attention. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1991.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Taylor WA. Every citizen a soldier: The U.S. Army’s campaign for universal military training following World War II. 2010;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shear MD, Davenport C. World Awaits President’s Decision on U.S. Future in Paris Accord. New York Times. 2017;A8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleBlood
ISSN (print)0006-4971
ISSN (online)1528-0020
Cell Biology

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