How to format your references using the Blood citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Blood. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Herrling P. Patent sense. Nature. 2007;449(7159):174–175.
A journal article with 2 authors
Reader JS, Joyce GF. A ribozyme composed of only two different nucleotides. Nature. 2002;420(6917):841–844.
A journal article with 3 authors
Yang L, Yang N, Li B. Reduction of thermal conductivity by nanoscale 3D phononic crystal. Sci. Rep. 2013;3:1143.
A journal article with 6 or more authors
Gabbiani F, Krapp HG, Koch C, Laurent G. Multiplicative computation in a visual neuron sensitive to looming. Nature. 2002;420(6913):320–324.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wrobel GM, Neil E. International Advances in Adoption Research for Practice. Chichester, West Sussex, UK: John Wiley & Sons Ltd.; 2009.
An edited book
Indian Diaspora: Voices of Grandparents and Grandparenting. Rotterdam: SensePublishers; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Abdulai A-M, Shamshiry E. Natural Resource Endowments and Development Trend in the Muslim World. Linking Sustainable Livelihoods to Natural Resources and Governance: The Scale of Poverty in the Muslim World. 2014;77–130.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Blood.

Blog post
Andrew E. Baby Beluga Whale Born At Georgia Aquarium Has Died. IFLScience. 2015;


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Education and Labor: Information on the Departments’ Field Offices. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1996.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Carroll WE. Leadership and emotional intelligence: Ability-based and mixed models of emotional intelligence as predictors of leadership performance across manager levels. 2017;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow K. What Rhymes With Asbestos? An Urban Musical in Three Acts. New York Times. 2000;148.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleBlood
ISSN (print)0006-4971
ISSN (online)1528-0020
Cell Biology

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