How to format your references using the Blood citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Blood. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Xie T. Tunable polymer multi-shape memory effect. Nature. 2010;464(7286):267–270.
A journal article with 2 authors
Stevenson IR, Bryant DM. Climate change and constraints on breeding. Nature. 2000;406(6794):366–367.
A journal article with 3 authors
Milinski M, Semmann D, Krambeck H-J. Reputation helps solve the “tragedy of the commons.” Nature. 2002;415(6870):424–426.
A journal article with 6 or more authors
Shen Y, Chen Y, Zou H, Yuan J. A fiber-based quasi-continuous-wave quantum key distribution system. Sci. Rep. 2014;4:4563.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Mubarak S. Construction Project Scheduling and Control. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
Privacy and Technologies of Identity: A Cross-Disciplinary Conversation. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
Su B, Xu Q, Xiao P. Finding the Anti-block Vital Edge of a Shortest Path Between Two Nodes. Combinatorial Optimization and Applications: First International Conference, COCOA 2007, Xi’an, China, August 14-16, 2007. Proceedings. 2007;11–19.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Blood.

Blog post
Andrew D. Awesome Science Parody Of Taylor Swift Song. IFLScience. 2015;


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Interagency Laboratory Use: Current Practices and Recurring Problems. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1979.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gibb A. Implementing U.S. security strategy in the 21st century: A three-part examination of the evolving role of the military in American foreign and security policy. 2012;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky S. Disputed Voting Turns Church, A Kremlin Ally, Into Its Critic. New York Times. 2011;A4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleBlood
ISSN (print)0006-4971
ISSN (online)1528-0020
Cell Biology

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