How to format your references using the Biometrics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biometrics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Garman, E.F. (2014) Developments in x-ray crystallographic structure determination of biological macromolecules. Science (New York, N.Y.), 343, 1102–1108.
A journal article with 2 authors
Piou, T. and Rovis, T. (2015) Rhodium-catalysed syn-carboamination of alkenes via a transient directing group. Nature, 527, 86–90.
A journal article with 3 authors
Coleman, S.W., Patricelli, G.L. and Borgia, G. (2004) Variable female preferences drive complex male displays. Nature, 428, 742–745.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Guido, N.J., Wang, X., Adalsteinsson, D., McMillen, D., Hasty, J., Cantor, C.R., et al. (2006) A bottom-up approach to gene regulation. Nature, 439, 856–860.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kazemi, G.A., Lehr, J.H. and Perrochet, P. (2006) Groundwater Age. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Moller, L., Huett, J.B. and Harvey, D.M. (eds). (2009) Learning and Instructional Technologies for the 21st Century: Visions of the Future. Springer US, Boston, MA.
A chapter in an edited book
Chen, N., Engelberg, R., Nguyen, C.T., Raghavendra, P., Rudra, A. and Singh, G. (2007) Improved Approximation Algorithms for the Spanning Star Forest Problem. Approximation, Randomization, and Combinatorial Optimization. Algorithms and Techniques: 10th International Workshop, APPROX 2007, and 11th International Workshop, RANDOM 2007, Princeton, NJ, USA, August 20-22, 2007. Proceedings Lecture Notes in Computer Science. (eds M. Charikar),, K. Jansen),, O. Reingold), & J.D.P. Rolim), pp. 44–58. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biometrics.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014) Six human parasites you definitely don’t want to host. IFLScience. URL’t-want-host/ [accessed 30 October 2018]


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1998) Space Station: U.S. Life-Cycle Funding Requirements. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Locicero, L.M. (2014) The Effects of Vertical Casting Position in Reinforced Concrete. Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Cowley, S. (2016) Wells Fargo Workers Claim Retaliation for Playing by the Rules. New York Times, B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Garman, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Garman, 2014; Piou and Rovis, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Piou and Rovis, 2015)
  • Three authors: (Coleman, Patricelli and Borgia, 2004)
  • 4 or more authors: (Guido et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleBiometrics
ISSN (print)0006-341X
ISSN (online)1541-0420
ScopeGeneral Agricultural and Biological Sciences
General Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
General Immunology and Microbiology
Applied Mathematics
Statistics and Probability
General Medicine

Other styles