How to format your references using the Aquatic Microbial Ecology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Aquatic Microbial Ecology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rockman MV (2008) Reverse engineering the genotype-phenotype map with natural genetic variation. Nature 456:738–744.
A journal article with 2 authors
de Wit J, Seager S (2013) Constraining exoplanet mass from transmission spectroscopy. Science 342:1473–1477.
A journal article with 3 authors
Schmidt MW, Spero HJ, Lea DW (2004) Links between salinity variation in the Caribbean and North Atlantic thermohaline circulation. Nature 428:160–163.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Gomberg J, Bodin P, Larson K, Dragert H (2004) Earthquake nucleation by transient deformations caused by the M = 7.9 Denali, Alaska, earthquake. Nature 427:621–624.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Saliba AJ, Corona JC, Johnson KE (2010) Option Spread Strategies. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Perner P (ed) (2008) Advances in Data Mining. Medical Applications, E-Commerce, Marketing, and Theoretical Aspects: 8th Industrial Conference, ICDM 2008 Leipzig, Germany, July 16-18, 2008 Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Walker A, Denton M (2010) Central Nervous System Infections. In: Neurocritical Care: A Guide to Practical Management. Competency-Based Critical Care, Adams JP, Bell D, McKinlay J (eds) Springer, London, p 43–50

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Aquatic Microbial Ecology.

Blog post
Fang J (2015) Why Male And Female Salmon Age Differently. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/why-male-and-female-salmon-age-differently/ (accessed 30 October 2018)

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2009) DOD Business Systems Modernization: Recent Slowdown in Institutionalizing Key Management Controls Needs to Be Addressed. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Darvish H (2015) Smart Power Grid Synchronization with Nonlinear Estimation. Doctoral dissertation, Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow K (2000) A Decision on a Convicted Killer Looses a Rush of Musical Memories. New York Times:146.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Rockman 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Rockman 2008, de Wit & Seager 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (de Wit & Seager 2013)
  • Three authors: (Schmidt et al. 2004)
  • 99 or more authors: (Gomberg et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleAquatic Microbial Ecology
AbbreviationAquat. Microb. Ecol.
ISSN (print)0948-3055
ISSN (online)1616-1564
ScopeAquatic Science
Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

Other styles