How to format your references using the Aquatic Microbial Ecology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Aquatic Microbial Ecology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Forde A (2005) The class of 2005. Norway: a neuroscientist making connections. Science 310:521.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bavelier D, Davidson RJ (2013) Brain training: Games to do you good. Nature 494:425–426.
A journal article with 3 authors
Alkire MT, Hudetz AG, Tononi G (2008) Consciousness and anesthesia. Science 322:876–880.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Reznik D, Pintschovius L, Ito M, Iikubo S, Sato M, Goka H, Fujita M, Yamada K, Gu GD, Tranquada JM (2006) Electron-phonon coupling reflecting dynamic charge inhomogeneity in copper oxide superconductors. Nature 440:1170–1173.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Schulze V (2005) Modern Mechanical Surface Treatment. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, FRG.
An edited book
Koutny M, Haddad S, Yakovlev A (eds) (2014) Transactions on Petri Nets and Other Models of Concurrency IX. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Villar Piqué G, Alarcón E (2011) 3-Level Buck Converter Analysis and Specific Components Models. In: CMOS Integrated Switching Power Converters: A Structured Design Approach. Alarcón E (ed) Springer, New York, NY, p 133–170

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Aquatic Microbial Ecology.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J (2015) NASA’s Asteroid-Sampling Spacecraft Has Now Been Fully Built Ahead Of Its 2016 Launch. (accessed 30 October 2018)


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1990) Energy R&D: DOE’s Allocation of Funds for Basic and Applied Research and Development. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Legaspi J (2010) Accelerated supported employment program: A grant proposal. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Herrman J (2017) Online platforms annexed much of our public sphere, playacting as little democracies — until extremists made them reveal their true nature. New York Times:MM18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Forde 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Forde 2005, Bavelier & Davidson 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bavelier & Davidson 2013)
  • Three authors: (Alkire et al. 2008)
  • 99 or more authors: (Reznik et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleAquatic Microbial Ecology
AbbreviationAquat. Microb. Ecol.
ISSN (print)0948-3055
ISSN (online)1616-1564
ScopeAquatic Science
Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

Other styles