How to format your references using the Aquatic Microbial Ecology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Aquatic Microbial Ecology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bader J (2014) Climate science: The origin of regional Arctic warming. Nature 509:167–168.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lipinski C, Hopkins A (2004) Navigating chemical space for biology and medicine. Nature 432:855–861.
A journal article with 3 authors
Pascoli V, Turiault M, Lüscher C (2011) Reversal of cocaine-evoked synaptic potentiation resets drug-induced adaptive behaviour. Nature 481:71–75.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Kolodkin-Gal I, Hazan R, Gaathon A, Carmeli S, Engelberg-Kulka H (2007) A linear pentapeptide is a quorum-sensing factor required for mazEF-mediated cell death in Escherichia coli. Science 318:652–655.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Eynon J (2013) The Design Manager’s Handbook. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Sachse A (2015) OpenGeoSys-Tutorial: Computational Hydrology I: Groundwater Flow Modeling. Rink K, He W, Kolditz O (eds) Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Bentley ML (2010) Toward Awakening Consciousness: A Response to EcoJustice Education and Science Education. In: Cultural Studies and Environmentalism: The Confluence of EcoJustice, Place-based (Science) Education, and Indigenous Knowledge Systems. Cultural Studies of Science Education, Tippins DJ, Mueller MP, Eijck M van, Adams JD (eds) Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, p 29–41

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Aquatic Microbial Ecology.

Blog post
Fang J (2014) One Bacteria Species Became Two While Inside An Insect. (accessed 30 October 2018)


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1997) Aviation Safety: Efforts to Implement Flight Operational Quality Assurance Programs. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Magner TJ (2014) Performance and leadership in multiplayer online gaming. Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner J (2017) With New Injury, the Mets’ Training Program Is Again Questioned. New York Times:B13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bader 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Lipinski & Hopkins 2004, Bader 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lipinski & Hopkins 2004)
  • Three authors: (Pascoli et al. 2011)
  • 99 or more authors: (Kolodkin-Gal et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleAquatic Microbial Ecology
AbbreviationAquat. Microb. Ecol.
ISSN (print)0948-3055
ISSN (online)1616-1564
ScopeAquatic Science
Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

Other styles