How to format your references using the Aquatic Microbial Ecology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Aquatic Microbial Ecology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Skinner JL (2010) Chemistry. Following the motions of water molecules in aqueous solutions. Science 328:985–986.
A journal article with 2 authors
Thodey K, Smolke CD (2011) Cell biology. Bringing it together with RNA. Science 333:412–413.
A journal article with 3 authors
Nguyen TD, Ehrenfreund E, Vardeny ZV (2012) Spin-polarized light-emitting diode based on an organic bipolar spin valve. Science 337:204–209.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Canuto MA, Estrada-Belli F, Garrison TG, Houston SD, Acuña MJ, Kováč M, Marken D, Nondédéo P, Auld-Thomas L, Castanet C, Chatelain D, Chiriboga CR, Drápela T, Lieskovský T, Tokovinine A, Velasquez A, Fernández-Díaz JC, Shrestha R (2018) Ancient lowland Maya complexity as revealed by airborne laser scanning of northern Guatemala. Science 361.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ghaye T (2008) Developing the Reflective Healthcare Team. Blackwell Publishing Ltd, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Bellocchio F (2013) 3D Surface Reconstruction: Multi-Scale Hierarchical Approaches. Borghese NA, Ferrari S, Piuri V (eds) Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Horváth G, Telek M (2007) A Canonical Representation of Order 3 Phase Type Distributions. In: Formal Methods and Stochastic Models for Performance Evaluation: Fourth European Performance Engineering Workshop, EPEW 2007, Berlin, Germany, September 27-28, 2007. Proceedings. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Wolter K (ed) Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, p 48–62

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Aquatic Microbial Ecology.

Blog post
Luntz S (2015) How Venom Rapidly Evolves To Kill New Prey. (accessed 30 October 2018)


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2015) K-12 Education: Internal Controls for Program Management and Oversight Can Help Ensure the Success of School Choice Programs. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tercero N (2010) Characterization and application of morpholino monolayers in nucleic acid diagnostics. Doctoral dissertation, Columbia University, New York, NY

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Haigney S (2017) A Stolen de Kooning Emerges Decades Later. New York Times:C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Skinner 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Skinner 2010, Thodey & Smolke 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Thodey & Smolke 2011)
  • Three authors: (Nguyen et al. 2012)
  • 99 or more authors: (Canuto et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleAquatic Microbial Ecology
AbbreviationAquat. Microb. Ecol.
ISSN (print)0948-3055
ISSN (online)1616-1564
ScopeAquatic Science
Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

Other styles