How to format your references using the Aquatic Microbial Ecology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Aquatic Microbial Ecology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
van den Heuvel EPJ (2004) Astronomy. Double pulsar jackpot. Science 303:1143–1144.
A journal article with 2 authors
Boos WR & Kuang Z (2013) Sensitivity of the South Asian monsoon to elevated and non-elevated heating. Sci Rep 3:1192.
A journal article with 3 authors
Smith MH, Ploegh HL & Weissman JS (2011) Road to ruin: targeting proteins for degradation in the endoplasmic reticulum. Science 334:1086–1090.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Pridans C, Sauter KA, Baer K, Kissel H & Hume DA (2013) CSF1R mutations in hereditary diffuse leukoencephalopathy with spheroids are loss of function. Sci Rep 3:3013.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Levitin V (2005) High Temperature Strain of Metals and Alloys. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA: Weinheim, FRG.
An edited book
Gürses A (2016) Dyes and Pigments. M. Açıkyıldız, K. Güneş & M.S. Gürses (eds). Springer International Publishing: Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Abufadel A, Yezzi T & Schafer RW (2008) 4D Segmentation of Cardiac Data Using Active Surfaces with Spatiotemporal Shape Priors. In: Applied Pattern Recognition. Studies in Computational Intelligence, H. Bunke, A. Kandel & M. Last (eds). Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg. pp. 77–100.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Aquatic Microbial Ecology.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) The Anthropocene Has Been Shaped By The Media And Our Digital Lives. Available at: (accessed 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1974) Why Performance of Automatic Voice Network (AUTOVON) Service Needs Improvement. U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gibb A (2012) Implementing U.S. security strategy in the 21st century: A three-part examination of the evolving role of the military in American foreign and security policy.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey G (2010) Football Culture Keeps Some In the Dark. New York Times:B11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (van den Heuvel 2004).
This sentence cites two references (van den Heuvel 2004; Boos & Kuang 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Boos & Kuang 2013)
  • Three authors: (Smith, Ploegh & Weissman 2011)
  • 99 or more authors: (Pridans, Sauter, Baer, Kissel & Hume 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleAquatic Microbial Ecology
AbbreviationAquat. Microb. Ecol.
ISSN (print)0948-3055
ISSN (online)1616-1564
ScopeAquatic Science
Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

Other styles