How to format your references using the Aquatic Microbial Ecology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Aquatic Microbial Ecology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Musacchio A (2010) Molecular biology. Surfing chromosomes (and Survivin). Science 330:183–184.
A journal article with 2 authors
Berndt A, Deisseroth K (2015) OPTOGENETICS. Expanding the optogenetics toolkit. Science 349:590–591.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hannon JB, Shenoy VB, Schwarz KW (2006) Anomalous spiral motion of steps near dislocations on silicon surfaces. Science 313:1266–1269.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Altshuler D, Pollara VJ, Cowles CR, Van Etten WJ, Baldwin J, Linton L, Lander ES (2000) An SNP map of the human genome generated by reduced representation shotgun sequencing. Nature 407:513–516.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kimberlin L, zur Linden A, Ruoff L (2016) Atlas of Clinical Imaging and Anatomy of the Equine Head. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Blackmon SH, Kim MP, Dickinson KJ (eds) (2015) Atlas of Esophageal Disease and Intervention: A Multidisciplinary Approach. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Habir M (2016) Indonesia’s Bank Governance Trend Post-1998 Crisis. In: Doing Business in ASEAN Markets: Leadership Challenges and Governance Solutions across Asian Borders. Verhezen P, Williamson I, Crosby M, Soebagjo N (eds) Springer International Publishing, Cham, p 45–63

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Aquatic Microbial Ecology.

Blog post
Andrew D (2016) No Time To Exercise? Then This Training Programme Might Be For You. (accessed 30 October 2018)


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1975) Energy Research and Development Administration’s Contingency Plan for Constructing Additional Enrichment Capacity at Portsmouth, Ohio. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ayer EW (2013) An N-gram enhanced learning classifier for Chinese character recognition. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly C (2012) Giving Conservative Films A Head Start, Right Here. New York Times:A27B.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Musacchio 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Musacchio 2010, Berndt & Deisseroth 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Berndt & Deisseroth 2015)
  • Three authors: (Hannon et al. 2006)
  • 99 or more authors: (Altshuler et al. 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleAquatic Microbial Ecology
AbbreviationAquat. Microb. Ecol.
ISSN (print)0948-3055
ISSN (online)1616-1564
ScopeAquatic Science
Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

Other styles