How to format your references using the Portuguese Economic Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Portuguese Economic Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schiermeier Q (2002) Postdoc positions axed as economic crisis takes its toll. Nature 420:452
A journal article with 2 authors
Fender R, Belloni T (2012) Stellar-mass black holes and ultraluminous x-ray sources. Science 337:540–544
A journal article with 3 authors
Wagner CE, Harmon LJ, Seehausen O (2012) Ecological opportunity and sexual selection together predict adaptive radiation. Nature 487:366–369
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Lens L, Van Dongen S, Norris K, et al (2002) Avian persistence in fragmented rainforest. Science 298:1236–1238

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Simiu E (2011) Design of Buildings for Wind. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Chessa S, Knauth S (eds) (2012) Evaluating AAL Systems Through Competitive Benchmarking. Indoor Localization and Tracking: International Competition, EvAAL 2011, Competition in Valencia, Spain, July 25-29, 2011, and Final Workshop in Lecce, Italy, September 26, 2011. Revised Selected Papers. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Joshi RR (2009) Statistical Mining of Gene and Protein Databanks. In: Fulekar MH (ed) Bioinformatics: Applications in Life and Environmental Sciences. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 34–43

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Portuguese Economic Journal.

Blog post
Davis J (2015) Scientists Have Discovered “Clocks” Inside Your Cells That Could Determine When You Get Cancer. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1995) Human Resources Information Systems Issue Area: Active Assignments. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Madapatha SA (2015) Energy efficient hierarchical wireless routing protocol (EEHW routing protocol). Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Neuman W, Romero S (2015) Allies Resist U.S. Strategy in Drug Fight. New York Times A1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Schiermeier 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Schiermeier 2002; Fender and Belloni 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Fender and Belloni 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Lens et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titlePortuguese Economic Journal
AbbreviationPort. Econ. J.
ISSN (print)1617-982X
ISSN (online)1617-9838
ScopeGeneral Economics, Econometrics and Finance
Economics and Econometrics

Other styles