How to format your references using the Portuguese Economic Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Portuguese Economic Journal (Port Econ J). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mastrandrea MD (2010) Obituary: Stephen Henry Schneider (1945-2010). Nature 466:933
A journal article with 2 authors
Cadwell K, Coscoy L (2005) Ubiquitination on nonlysine residues by a viral E3 ubiquitin ligase. Science 309:127–130
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhang Z, Wang W, Qiu B (2014) Oceanic mass transport by mesoscale eddies. Science 345:322–324
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Wenk HR, Matthies S, Hemley RJ, et al (2000) The plastic deformation of iron at pressures of the Earth’s inner core. Nature 405:1044–1047

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Scot L (2010) The Simplified Guide to Not-for-Profit Accounting, Formation, and Reporting. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Zhao L (2014) Cloud Data Management. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Zwikael O, Smyrk J (2011) The Project Environment. In: Smyrk J (ed) Project Management for the Creation of Organisational Value. Springer, London, pp 85–133

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Portuguese Economic Journal.

Blog post
Taub B (2016) Musical Rhythm May Be An Intrinsic Feature Of Human Cognition. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2007) Federal Research: Policies Guiding the Dissemination of Scientific Research from Selected Agencies Should Be Clarified and Better Communicated. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Johnson DA (2008) Job satisfaction in the operating room: An analysis of the cultural competence of nurses. Doctoral dissertation, Capella University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Smith M, Fortin J (2017) Kansas Governor to Be Nominated as Ambassador. New York Times A16

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Peoples 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Lee 2001; Schiermeier 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Cadwell and Coscoy 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Sabari et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titlePortuguese Economic Journal
AbbreviationPort. Econ. J.
ISSN (print)1617-982X
ISSN (online)1617-9838
ScopeGeneral Economics, Econometrics and Finance
Economics and Econometrics

Other styles