How to format your references using the Portuguese Economic Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Portuguese Economic Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Reichhardt T (2000) NASA ponders termination of gamma-ray observatory. Nature 403:232
A journal article with 2 authors
Krueger AB, Stone AA (2014) Psychology and economics. Progress in measuring subjective well-being. Science 346:42–43
A journal article with 3 authors
Gao G, Guo X, Goff SP (2002) Inhibition of retroviral RNA production by ZAP, a CCCH-type zinc finger protein. Science 297:1703–1706
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Hou L, Pan X, Guo Q, Liu J-G (2014) Memory effect of the online user preference. Sci Rep 4:6560

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Krasner D (2016) A History of Modern Drama. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Jha NK, Chen D (eds) (2011) Nanoelectronic Circuit Design. Springer, New York, NY
A chapter in an edited book
Man J, Goldberg DJ (2013) Laser Treatment of Unwanted Hair. In: Goldberg DJ (ed) Laser Dermatology. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 65–88

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Portuguese Economic Journal.

Blog post
Luntz S (2014) Turing Solves Mystery Of How We Get Fingers And Toes 60 Years After Death. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/turing-solves-mystery-how-we-get-fingers-and-toes-60-years-after-death/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1994) Early Childhood Programs: Local Perspectives on Barriers to Providing Head Start Services. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Klochko K (2009) An empirical re-evaluation of the boron isotope/pH proxy in marine carbonates. Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario B (2017) Bill Murray’s Latest Surprise Career Turn. New York Times C2

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Reichhardt 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Reichhardt 2000; Krueger and Stone 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Krueger and Stone 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Hou et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titlePortuguese Economic Journal
AbbreviationPort. Econ. J.
ISSN (print)1617-982X
ISSN (online)1617-9838
ScopeGeneral Economics, Econometrics and Finance
Economics and Econometrics

Other styles