How to format your references using the Annual Review of Fluid Mechanics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annual Review of Fluid Mechanics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Turk-Browne NB. 2013. Functional interactions as big data in the human brain. Science. 342(6158):580–84
A journal article with 2 authors
Henikoff S, Malik HS. 2002. Centromeres: selfish drivers. Nature. 417(6886):227
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhao W, Luo J, Jiao S. 2014. Comprehensive characterization of cancer subtype associated long non-coding RNAs and their clinical implications. Sci. Rep. 4:6591
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Sorefan K, Girin T, Liljegren SJ, Ljung K, Robles P, et al. 2009. A regulated auxin minimum is required for seed dispersal in Arabidopsis. Nature. 459(7246):583–86

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Botto F. 2003. Dictionary of E-Business. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd
An edited book
Pereyra MC, Marcantognini S, Stokolos AM, Urbina W, eds. 2016. Harmonic Analysis, Partial Differential Equations, Complex Analysis, Banach Spaces, and Operator Theory (Volume 1): Celebrating Cora Sadosky’s Life, Vol. 4. Cham: Springer International Publishing
A chapter in an edited book
Wille R, Drechsler R. 2010. Embedding of Irreversible Functions. In Towards a Design Flow for Reversible Logic, ed. R Drechsler, pp. 93–111. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annual Review of Fluid Mechanics.

Blog post
Carpineti A. 2017. Lasers And Bubbles Can Create 3D Images In Liquid. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2011. Opportunities to Reduce Potential Duplication in Federal Teacher Quality Programs. GAO-11-510T, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Le D. 2015. L.A. Children’s Music Therapy Center, LLC. Doctoral dissertation thesis. California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Williams J. 2017. An Artist’s Childhood, Etched in Trauma. New York Times, Aug. 14, , p. C4

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Turk-Browne 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Henikoff & Malik 2002; Turk-Browne 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Henikoff & Malik 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Sorefan et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnual Review of Fluid Mechanics
AbbreviationAnnu. Rev. Fluid Mech.
ISSN (print)0066-4189
ISSN (online)1545-4479
ScopeCondensed Matter Physics

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