How to format your references using the Annual Review of Fluid Mechanics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annual Review of Fluid Mechanics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Knoepfler P. 2011. My year as a stem-cell blogger. Nature. 475(7357):425
A journal article with 2 authors
Bergink S, Jentsch S. 2009. Principles of ubiquitin and SUMO modifications in DNA repair. Nature. 458(7237):461–67
A journal article with 3 authors
Hellweger FL, van Sebille E, Fredrick ND. 2014. Biogeographic patterns in ocean microbes emerge in a neutral agent-based model. Science. 345(6202):1346–49
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Saze H, Shiraishi A, Miura A, Kakutani T. 2008. Control of genic DNA methylation by a jmjC domain-containing protein in Arabidopsis thaliana. Science. 319(5862):462–65

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Burwick F. 2015. Romanticism. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd
An edited book
O’Donnell FJ. 2005. Design Performance. London: Springer
A chapter in an edited book
Yang K, Shekhar AH, Oliver D, Shekhar S. 2013. Capacity-Constrained Network-Voronoi Diagram: A Summary of Results. In Advances in Spatial and Temporal Databases: 13th International Symposium, SSTD 2013, Munich, Germany, August 21-23, 2013. Proceedings, eds. MA Nascimento, T Sellis, R Cheng, J Sander, Y Zheng, et al., pp. 56–73. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annual Review of Fluid Mechanics.

Blog post
Andrew D. 2016. Whale Of A Problem: Why Do Humpback Whales Protect Other Species From Attack? IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2003. Aviation Security: Efforts to Measure Effectiveness and Address Challenges. GAO-04-232T, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
DeLutis-Eichenberger AN. 2010. El proceso semiótico de un héroe decimonónico: Un estudio en torno a los “textos-tumbas” de Andrés Bello. Doctoral dissertation thesis. University of Maryland, College Park

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Card J. 2017. A River With Too Many Fish. New York Times, Jan. 24, , p. TR10

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Knoepfler 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Bergink & Jentsch 2009; Knoepfler 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bergink & Jentsch 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Saze et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnual Review of Fluid Mechanics
AbbreviationAnnu. Rev. Fluid Mech.
ISSN (print)0066-4189
ISSN (online)1545-4479
ScopeCondensed Matter Physics

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