How to format your references using the Annual Review of Fluid Mechanics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annual Review of Fluid Mechanics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Högbom M. 2014. Nitrogenase Mechanism. A dynamic tool for nitrogen reduction. Science. 345(6204):1568
A journal article with 2 authors
Hachet O, Ephrussi A. 2004. Splicing of oskar RNA in the nucleus is coupled to its cytoplasmic localization. Nature. 428(6986):959–63
A journal article with 3 authors
Stroud RM, Nittler LR, Alexander CMO. 2004. Polymorphism in presolar Al2O3 grains from asymptotic giant branch stars. Science. 305(5689):1455–57
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Korneev SA, Kemenes I, Bettini NL, Kemenes G, Staras K, et al. 2013. Axonal trafficking of an antisense RNA transcribed from a pseudogene is regulated by classical conditioning. Sci. Rep. 3:1027

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Thompson AK. 2014. Fruit and Vegetables. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd
An edited book
Flower DR, Perrie Y, eds. 2013. Immunomic Discovery of Adjuvants and Candidate Subunit Vaccines, Vol. 5. New York, NY: Springer
A chapter in an edited book
Niu Y, Qiu X. 2013. The Global-Local Mental Rotation in Divided Attention Paradigm. In Advances in Brain Inspired Cognitive Systems: 6th International Conference, BICS 2013, Beijing, China, June 9-11, 2013. Proceedings, eds. D Liu, C Alippi, D Zhao, A Hussain, pp. 30–37. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annual Review of Fluid Mechanics.

Blog post
Taub B. 2016. Humans Have A Magnetic Sixth Sense, Says Researcher. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1998. Year 2000 Computing Crisis: Compliance Status of Many Biomedical Equipment Items Still Unknown. AIMD-98-240, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ratliff DJ. 2009. Teen parenting curriculum: A grant proposal project. Doctoral dissertation thesis. California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hodara S. 2014. The City as Gallery. New York Times, April 27, , p. WE7

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Högbom 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Hachet & Ephrussi 2004; Högbom 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hachet & Ephrussi 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Korneev et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnual Review of Fluid Mechanics
AbbreviationAnnu. Rev. Fluid Mech.
ISSN (print)0066-4189
ISSN (online)1545-4479
ScopeCondensed Matter Physics

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