How to format your references using the Annual Review of Fluid Mechanics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annual Review of Fluid Mechanics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Chicurel M. 2002. Genome analysis at your fingertips. Nature. 419(6908):751, 753
A journal article with 2 authors
Denef VJ, Banfield JF. 2012. In situ evolutionary rate measurements show ecological success of recently emerged bacterial hybrids. Science. 336(6080):462–66
A journal article with 3 authors
Sidhu ABS, Verdier-Pinard D, Fidock DA. 2002. Chloroquine resistance in Plasmodium falciparum malaria parasites conferred by pfcrt mutations. Science. 298(5591):210–13
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Shergill SS, Bays PM, Frith CD, Wolpert DM. 2003. Two eyes for an eye: the neuroscience of force escalation. Science. 301(5630):187

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Peca SP. 2009. Real Estate Development and Investment. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Walsh SJ, Mena CF, eds. 2013. Science and Conservation in the Galapagos Islands: Frameworks & Perspectives, Vol. 1. New York, NY: Springer
A chapter in an edited book
Rizzo JM, Zeitouni NC. 2015. Advances in Photodynamic Therapy for the Treatment of Malignant and Premalignant Lesions in Transplant Dermatology. In Advances in Transplant Dermatology: Clinical and Practical Implications, eds. F Zwald, MD Brown, pp. 59–70. Cham: Springer International Publishing

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annual Review of Fluid Mechanics.

Blog post
Andrew E. 2015. Believe It Or Not, This Isn’t A Snake. So What Is It? IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2004. Intercity Passenger Rail: Amtrak’s Management of Northeast Corridor Improvements Demonstrates Need for Applying Best Practices. GAO-04-94, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
VanQuickenborne T. 2010. Exploring generative change. Doctoral dissertation thesis. Pepperdine University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Thrush G, Itzkoff D. 2017. After Star Turn, Spicer Says He Regrets Berating Press Over Inauguration Crowds. New York Times, Sep. 18, , p. A17

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Chicurel 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Chicurel 2002; Denef & Banfield 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Denef & Banfield 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Shergill et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnual Review of Fluid Mechanics
AbbreviationAnnu. Rev. Fluid Mech.
ISSN (print)0066-4189
ISSN (online)1545-4479
ScopeCondensed Matter Physics

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