How to format your references using the Annual Review of Entomology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annual Review of Entomology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Giles J. 2001. Relaxed restrictions blamed for rise in foot and mouth. Nature. 413(6852):98
A journal article with 2 authors
Shorter J, Lindquist S. 2004. Hsp104 catalyzes formation and elimination of self-replicating Sup35 prion conformers. Science. 304(5678):1793–97
A journal article with 3 authors
Ganguly-Fitzgerald I, Donlea J, Shaw PJ. 2006. Waking experience affects sleep need in Drosophila. Science. 313(5794):1775–81
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Yamanouchi M, Chiba D, Matsukura F, Ohno H. 2004. Current-induced domain-wall switching in a ferromagnetic semiconductor structure. Nature. 428(6982):539–42

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Fernandes R. 2014. Local and Regional Flaps in Head & Neck Reconstruction. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Fogel E. 2012. CGAL Arrangements and Their Applications: A Step-by-Step Guide, Vol. 7. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer. XIX, 293 p. 125 illus., 120 illus. in color p.
A chapter in an edited book
Licata AA, Williams SE. 2014. The DXA Report: What Every Referring Clinician Needs to Know. In A DXA Primer for the Practicing Clinician: A Case-Based Manual for Understanding and Interpreting Bone Densitometry, ed SE Williams, pp. 43–53. New York, NY: Springer

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annual Review of Entomology.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J. 2017. The US Air Force’s Secret Space Plane Just Returned To Earth. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1975. Comments on Energy Research and Development Administration’s Proposed Arrangement for the Clinch River Breeder Reactor Demonstration Plant Project. RED-75-361, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Danna RJ. 2014. Learning-Assisted Market-Based Optimization for Truck Task Scheduling. Doctoral dissertation thesis. University of Louisiana

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Leland J. 2017. The City Awakens. New York Times, March 16, p. MB7

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (2).
This sentence cites two references (2, 4).
This sentence cites four references (4–6, 8).

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnual Review of Entomology
AbbreviationAnnu. Rev. Entomol.
ISSN (print)0066-4170
ISSN (online)1545-4487
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Insect Science

Other styles