How to format your references using the Annual Review of Entomology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annual Review of Entomology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Waters AP. 2003. Parasitology. Guilty until proven otherwise. Science. 301(5639):1487–88
A journal article with 2 authors
Butler D, Pockley P. 2000. Monsanto makes rice genome public. Nature. 404(6778):534
A journal article with 3 authors
Long SB, Campbell EB, Mackinnon R. 2005. Crystal structure of a mammalian voltage-dependent Shaker family K+ channel. Science. 309(5736):897–903
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Hart RA, Xu X, Legere R, Gibble K. 2007. A quantum scattering interferometer. Nature. 446(7138):892–95

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Joseph CL, Bernal S. 2016. Modern Devices. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc
An edited book
Spaccapietra S, Delcambre L, eds. 2009. Journal on Data Semantics XIV, Vol. 5880. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer. XI, 163 p p.
A chapter in an edited book
Kuo N-C. 2012. Achieving Education for All –Together. In Learning and Doing Policy Analysis in Education: Examining Diverse Approaches to Increasing Educational Access, ed MT Tatto, pp. 93–115. Rotterdam: SensePublishers

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annual Review of Entomology.

Blog post
Carpineti A. 2016. Gravitational Wave Observatory In Space Will See The Seed Of Supermassive Black Holes. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1991. Teenage Drug Use: Uncertain Linkages With Either Pregnancy or School Dropout. PEMD-91-3, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pence PL. 2010. Emotional intelligence, motivation, and retention among undergraduate students attending associate-degree nursing programs in Illinois. Doctoral dissertation thesis. University of Phoenix

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hodgman J. 2017. Bonus Advice From Judge John Hodgman. New York Times, Sep. 15, p. MM28

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (2).
This sentence cites two references (3, 4).
This sentence cites four references (3, 6–8).

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnual Review of Entomology
AbbreviationAnnu. Rev. Entomol.
ISSN (print)0066-4170
ISSN (online)1545-4487
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Insect Science

Other styles