How to format your references using the Annual Review of Entomology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annual Review of Entomology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Nauenberg M. 2011. Comment on “How cats lap: water uptake by Felis catus.” Science. 334(6054):311; author reply 311
A journal article with 2 authors
Ghazanfar AA, Logothetis NK. 2003. Neuroperception: facial expressions linked to monkey calls. Nature. 423(6943):937–38
A journal article with 3 authors
Keith DW, Parson E, Morgan MG. 2010. Research on global sun block needed now. Nature. 463(7280):426–27
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Lee JH, Lee JE, Kahng JY, Kim SH, Park JS, et al. 2018. Human glioblastoma arises from subventricular zone cells with low-level driver mutations. Nature. 560(7717):243–47

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Joseph C. 2013. Advanced Credit Risk Analysis and Management. Oxford, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd
An edited book
Mason G, Penkov I, Wolf JA, eds. 2014. Developments and Retrospectives in Lie Theory: Geometric and Analytic Methods, Vol. 37. Cham: Springer International Publishing. IX, 268 p pp.
A chapter in an edited book
Fuhl W, Kübler T, Sippel K, Rosenstiel W, Kasneci E. 2015. ExCuSe: Robust Pupil Detection in Real-World Scenarios. In Computer Analysis of Images and Patterns: 16th International Conference, CAIP 2015, Valletta, Malta, September 2-4, 2015 Proceedings, Part I, ed G Azzopardi, N Petkov, pp. 39–51. Cham: Springer International Publishing

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annual Review of Entomology.

Blog post
Andrews R. 2016. Mammals Began To Take Over The World Long Before The Dinosaurs Perished. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1998. Year 2000 Computing Crisis: Strong Leadership and Partnerships Needed to Address Risk of Major Disruptions. T-AIMD-98-266, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sewell A. 2013. A typology of sampling in hip-hop. Doctoral dissertation thesis. Indiana University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Slotnik DE. 2016. Joyce Carol Thomas, 78, Novelist and Poet. New York Times, Aug. 24, p. B8

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (2).
This sentence cites two references (3, 4).
This sentence cites four references (3, 5, 7, 8).

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnual Review of Entomology
AbbreviationAnnu. Rev. Entomol.
ISSN (print)0066-4170
ISSN (online)1545-4487
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Insect Science

Other styles