How to format your references using the Annual Review of Entomology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annual Review of Entomology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Steinhardt P. 2014. Big Bang blunder bursts the multiverse bubble. Nature. 510(7503):9
A journal article with 2 authors
Smith G, Yard J. 2008. Quantum communication with zero-capacity channels. Science. 321(5897):1812–15
A journal article with 3 authors
Verhulst EC, Beukeboom LW, van de Zande L. 2010. Maternal control of haplodiploid sex determination in the wasp Nasonia. Science. 328(5978):620–23
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Polli D, Altoè P, Weingart O, Spillane KM, Manzoni C, et al. 2010. Conical intersection dynamics of the primary photoisomerization event in vision. Nature. 467(7314):440–43

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dickeson RC. 2010. Prioritizing Academic Programs and Services. San Francisco, CA, USA: Jossey-Bass
An edited book
Hurford C, Schneider M, Cowx I, eds. 2010. Conservation Monitoring in Freshwater Habitats: A Practical Guide and Case Studies. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands. XV, 415 p p.
A chapter in an edited book
Johari GP, Andersson O. 2007. Amorphization of ice by collapse under pressure, vibrational properties, and ultraviscous water at 1 GPa. In Soft Matter under Exogenic Impacts, ed SJ Rzoska, VA Mazur, pp. 35–74. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annual Review of Entomology.

Blog post
Andrew E. 2015. Malaria Protein Could Give Us A Broad Cancer Treatment. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1988. Airport Noise: FAA’s Enforcement of Noise Rules at National Airport. RCED-88-117, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dunn DN. 2015. Non-Athlete Students’ Attitudes toward Student-Athletes: A Social Identity Approach. Doctoral dissertation thesis. University of Louisiana

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Oestreich JR. 2017. Lamenting Dead Kings, Spending Sunday at the Pub. New York Times, Jan. 13, p. C6

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (2).
This sentence cites two references (3, 4).
This sentence cites four references (4, 5, 7, 8).

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnual Review of Entomology
AbbreviationAnnu. Rev. Entomol.
ISSN (print)0066-4170
ISSN (online)1545-4487
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Insect Science

Other styles