How to format your references using the Annual Review of Entomology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annual Review of Entomology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Palmer T. 2014. Climate forecasting: build high-resolution global climate models. Nature. 515(7527):338–39
A journal article with 2 authors
Wirth T, Bernatchez L. 2001. Genetic evidence against panmixia in the European eel. Nature. 409(6823):1037–40
A journal article with 3 authors
Sahu G, Sukumaran S, Bera AK. 2014. Pannexins form gap junctions with electrophysiological and pharmacological properties distinct from connexins. Sci. Rep. 4:4955
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Xu X, Zhai J, Li L, Chen Y, Yu Y, et al. 2014. Passively mode-locking erbium-doped fiber lasers with 0.3 nm single-walled carbon nanotubes. Sci. Rep. 4:6761

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Waye JD, Aisenberg J, Rubin PH. 2013. Practical Colonoscopy. Oxford, UK: Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
An edited book
Hoefflinger B, ed. 2007. High-Dynamic-Range (HDR) Vision, Vol. 26. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer. XVI, 241 p. 172 illus., 23 illus. in color p.
A chapter in an edited book
Lee CJ. 2012. A New Government’s Policy Initiatives For School Reform in Korea. In Quality and Qualities: Tensions in Education Reforms, ed C Acedo, D Adams, S Popa, pp. 85–102. Rotterdam: SensePublishers

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annual Review of Entomology.

Blog post
Luntz S. 2014. Solar Flare Filmed in Exquisite Detail. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1981. Status Report: “National Materials and Minerals Policy, Research and Development Act of 1980.” EMD-81-124, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pena AM. 2012. Perceptions of Spanish/English bilingual school psychologists regarding competency in assessment and future training needs. Doctoral dissertation thesis. University of Maryland, College Park

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow L. 2007. Oyster Bay Villages Create 2 Emergency Centers. New York Times, Feb. 25, p. 14LI2

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (2).
This sentence cites two references (2, 4).
This sentence cites four references (2, 5, 6, 8).

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnual Review of Entomology
AbbreviationAnnu. Rev. Entomol.
ISSN (print)0066-4170
ISSN (online)1545-4487
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Insect Science

Other styles