How to format your references using the American Journal of Emergency Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for American Journal of Emergency Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Walmsley IA. Looking to the future of quantum optics. Science 2008;319:1211–3.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Lane N, Martin W. The energetics of genome complexity. Nature 2010;467:929–34.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Wilson HR, Blake R, Lee SH. Dynamics of travelling waves in visual perception. Nature 2001;412:907–10.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
McGregor AP, Orgogozo V, Delon I, Zanet J, Srinivasan DG, Payre F, et al. Morphological evolution through multiple cis-regulatory mutations at a single gene. Nature 2007;448:587–90.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Kent J. ADA in Details. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2017.
An edited book
[1]
Ribes R. English for Biomedical Scientists. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Zhou J, Wen C. Multivariable Adaptive Control. In: Wen C, editor. Adaptive Backstepping Control of Uncertain Systems: Nonsmooth Nonlinearities, Interactions or Time-Variations, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008, p. 51–64.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for American Journal of Emergency Medicine.

Blog post
[1]
Fang J. Scientists Create Functional 3D Brain Tissue. IFLScience 2014. https://www.iflscience.com/brain/scientists-create-functional-3d-brain-tissue/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Federal Research: The National Academy of Sciences and the Federal Advisory Committee Act. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1998.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Yu G. Religious/spiritual beliefs and practices of Asian/Asian American mental health professionals & students and the impact on treatment. Doctoral dissertation. Pepperdine University, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Pilon M. A Faked Death, But No Escape From the Cage. New York Times 2013:SP6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAmerican Journal of Emergency Medicine
ISSN (print)0735-6757
Scope

Other styles