How to format your references using the American Journal of Emergency Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for American Journal of Emergency Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Koen D. Nuts and bolts. Reference points. Nature 2004;428:104.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Franchi L, Núñez G. Immunology. Orchestrating inflammasomes. Science 2012;337:1299–300.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Fox CG, Chadwick WW Jr, Embley RW. Direct observation of a submarine volcanic eruption from a sea-floor instrument caught in a lava flow. Nature 2001;412:727–9.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Dimitrov A, Quesnoit M, Moutel S, Cantaloube I, Poüs C, Perez F. Detection of GTP-tubulin conformation in vivo reveals a role for GTP remnants in microtubule rescues. Science 2008;322:1353–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Prud’Homme R. Flows and Chemical Reactions in an Electromagnetic Field. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2014.
An edited book
[1]
Schaltegger S, Zvezdov D, Alvarez Etxeberria I, Csutora M, Günther E, editors. Corporate Carbon and Climate Accounting. 1st ed. 2015. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Venkataraman ST. Heart–Lung Interactions. In: Munoz R, Morell V, Cruz E, Vetterly C, editors. Critical Care of Children with Heart Disease: Basic Medical and Surgical Concepts, London: Springer; 2010, p. 33–6.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for American Journal of Emergency Medicine.

Blog post
[1]
Fang J. Mercury Levels in the Surface Ocean Have Tripled Since Industrial Revolution. IFLScience 2014. https://www.iflscience.com/environment/mercury-levels-surface-ocean-have-tripled-industrial-revolution/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Tax Policy: Uncertain Impact of Repealing the Deferral for Reinvested Shipping Income. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1990.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Grant JA. Far-field noise from a rotor in a wind tunnel. Doctoral dissertation. Florida Atlantic University, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Eddy M. Merkel Calls Violence Stemming From Rally ‘Racist’ and ‘Horrifying.’ New York Times 2017:A13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAmerican Journal of Emergency Medicine
ISSN (print)0735-6757
Scope

Other styles