How to format your references using the American Journal of Emergency Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for American Journal of Emergency Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Fabbiano G. Astronomy. The hunt for intermediate-mass black holes. Science 2005;307:533–4.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Merad M, Salmon H. Cancer: A dendritic-cell brake on antitumour immunity. Nature 2015;523:294–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Green SA, Simoes-Costa M, Bronner ME. Evolution of vertebrates as viewed from the crest. Nature 2015;520:474–82.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Villegas JE, Savel’ev S, Nori F, Gonzalez EM, Anguita JV, García R, et al. A superconducting reversible rectifier that controls the motion of magnetic flux quanta. Science 2003;302:1188–91.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Anisman H. Stress and Your Health. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2015.
An edited book
[1]
Maes F, editor. Marine Resource Damage Assessment: Liability and Compensation for Environmental Damage. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Müller M, Pfahl D. Simulation Methods. In: Shull F, Singer J, Sjøberg DIK, editors. Guide to Advanced Empirical Software Engineering, London: Springer; 2008, p. 117–52.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for American Journal of Emergency Medicine.

Blog post
[1]
Carpineti A. Neptune’s Formation May Have Been Smoother Than We Thought. IFLScience 2017. https://www.iflscience.com/space/neptunes-formation-may-have-been-smoother-than-we-thought/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Applying Agreed-Upon Procedures: Airport and Airway Trust Fund Excise Taxes. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2006.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Skiold-Hanlin S. Functional and Ecological Aspects of the Mucus Trails of the Freshwater Gastropod Elimia potosiensis. Doctoral dissertation. Southern Illinois University, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Dominus S. Blood in the Tracks. New York Times 2014:MM30.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAmerican Journal of Emergency Medicine
ISSN (print)0735-6757
Scope

Other styles