How to format your references using the American Journal of Emergency Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for American Journal of Emergency Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Paszkowski J. Epigenetics: The karma of oil palms. Nature 2015;525:466–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Gray GM, Cohen JT. Policy: Rethink chemical risk assessments. Nature 2012;489:27–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Shapiro JH, Venkatraman D, Wong FNC. Ghost imaging without discord. Sci Rep 2013;3:1849.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Eisenmesser EZ, Bosco DA, Akke M, Kern D. Enzyme dynamics during catalysis. Science 2002;295:1520–3.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Lowman M. A Practical Guide to Analytics for Governments. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2017.
An edited book
[1]
Tichý J. Fundamentals of Piezoelectric Sensorics: Mechanical, Dielectric, and Thermodynamical Properties of Piezoelectric Materials. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Shaikh SH, Saeed K, Chaki N. Moving Object Detection: A New Approach. In: Saeed K, Chaki N, editors. Moving Object Detection Using Background Subtraction, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014, p. 25–48.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for American Journal of Emergency Medicine.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew E. Strangest Prehistoric Creatures To Ever Appear on Earth. IFLScience 2014. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/strangest-prehistoric-creatures-ever-appear-earth/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Rail Safety and Security: Some Actions Already Taken to Enhance Rail Security, but Risk-based Plan Needed. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2003.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Gonzales RA. Health care team effectiveness: The relationship between team task interdependence and group emotional competence. Doctoral dissertation. University of Phoenix, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Feeney K. Scones Upon Scones, Sold at the Shore. New York Times 2009:NJ11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,1].
This sentence cites four references [1,1,1,1].

About the journal

Full journal titleAmerican Journal of Emergency Medicine
ISSN (print)0735-6757
Scope

Other styles