How to format your references using the American Educational Research Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for American Educational Research Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mahowald, N. (2011). Aerosol indirect effect on biogeochemical cycles and climate. Science (New York, N.Y.), 334(6057), 794–796.
A journal article with 2 authors
Utz, M., & Landers, J. (2010). Chemistry. Magnetic resonance and microfluidics. Science (New York, N.Y.), 330(6007), 1056–1058.
A journal article with 3 authors
Szostak, J. W., Bartel, D. P., & Luisi, P. L. (2001). Synthesizing life. Nature, 409(6818), 387–390.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Shaevitz, J. W., Abbondanzieri, E. A., Landick, R., & Block, S. M. (2003). Backtracking by single RNA polymerase molecules observed at near-base-pair resolution. Nature, 426(6967), 684–687.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Mazzi, B. (2013). Treasury Finance and Development Banking. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Tymieniecka, A.-T. (Ed.). (2006). Islamic Philosophy and Occidental Phenomenology on the Perennial Issue of Microcosm and Macrocosm. Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Hwang, L. C., Hohlbein, J., Holden, S. J., & Kapanidis, A. N. (2009). Single-Molecule FRET: Methods and Biological Applications. In P. Hinterdorfer & A. Oijen (Eds.), Handbook of Single-Molecule Biophysics (pp. 129–163). Springer US.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for American Educational Research Journal.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, September 11). Brains Can Make Decisions While We Sleep – Here They Are In Action. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2014). U.S. Merchant Marine: Maritime Administration Should Assess Potential Mariner-Training Needs (GAO-14-212). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Corona, B. (2012). Laws governing the treatment, involuntary detention and community integration of individuals with developmental disabilities: A policy analysis [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Mishan, L. (2017, September 21). The Taste of Darkness. New York Times, M2166.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Mahowald, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Mahowald, 2011; Utz & Landers, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Utz & Landers, 2010)
  • Three authors: (Szostak et al., 2001)
  • 6 or more authors: (Shaevitz et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleAmerican Educational Research Journal
AbbreviationAm. Educ. Res. J.
ISSN (print)0002-8312
ISSN (online)1935-1011

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