How to format your references using the American Educational Research Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for American Educational Research Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rice, M. (2004). Physics. Superfluid helium-3 has a metallic partner. Science (New York, N.Y.), 306(5699), 1142–1143.
A journal article with 2 authors
Koyama, K., & Takemoto, S. (2014). Morning reduction of photosynthetic capacity before midday depression. Scientific Reports, 4, 4389.
A journal article with 3 authors
Dillingham, M. S., Spies, M., & Kowalczykowski, S. C. (2003). RecBCD enzyme is a bipolar DNA helicase. Nature, 423(6942), 893–897.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Dadosh, T., Gordin, Y., Krahne, R., Khivrich, I., Mahalu, D., Frydman, V., Sperling, J., Yacoby, A., & Bar-Joseph, I. (2005). Measurement of the conductance of single conjugated molecules. Nature, 436(7051), 677–680.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chapman, B. R., & Bolen, E. G. (2015). Ecology of North America. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Beydeda, S., Book, M., & Gruhn, V. (Eds.). (2005). Model-Driven Software Development. Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Burns, R. (2014). Clinical Experience and Diseases of the Woolly Monkey (Lagothrix lagothricha) at the Louisville Zoo. In T. R. Defler & P. R. Stevenson (Eds.), The Woolly Monkey: Behavior, Ecology, Systematics, and Captive Research (pp. 75–81). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for American Educational Research Journal.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2016, August 15). The Mysterious Missing Magnetic Monopole. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1977). Improved Reporting Needed on National Aeronautics and Space Administration Projects (PSAD-77-54). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Huang, J. (2013). Multispectral Imaging of Skin Oxygenation [Doctoral dissertation]. Ohio State University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Schmidt, M. S., & Goldman, A. (2017, August 9). F.B.I. Searches Manafort’s Home As Russia Investigation Widens. New York Times, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Rice, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Koyama & Takemoto, 2014; Rice, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Koyama & Takemoto, 2014)
  • Three authors: (Dillingham et al., 2003)
  • 6 or more authors: (Dadosh et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleAmerican Educational Research Journal
AbbreviationAm. Educ. Res. J.
ISSN (print)0002-8312
ISSN (online)1935-1011

Other styles