How to format your references using the American Educational Research Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for American Educational Research Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Duster, T. (2005). Medicine. Race and reification in science. Science (New York, N.Y.), 307(5712), 1050–1051.
A journal article with 2 authors
Chisholm, J. R., & Kelley, R. (2001). Worms start the reef-building process. Nature, 409(6817), 152.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mézard, M., Parisi, G., & Zecchina, R. (2002). Analytic and algorithmic solution of random satisfiability problems. Science (New York, N.Y.), 297(5582), 812–815.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Matsumoto, A., Yamafuji, M., Tachibana, T., Nakabeppu, Y., Noda, M., & Nakaya, H. (2013). Oral “hydrogen water” induces neuroprotective ghrelin secretion in mice. Scientific Reports, 3, 3273.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Stenning, A., Smith, A., Rochovská, A., & Świa̧tek, D. (2010). Domesticating Neo-Liberalism. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Metcalf, G. S. (Ed.). (2014). Social Systems and Design (Vol. 1). Tokyo: Springer Japan.
A chapter in an edited book
Björn, L. O. (2008). The Measurement of Light. In L. O. Björn (Ed.), Photobiology: The Science of Life and Light (pp. 69–91). New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for American Educational Research Journal.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2014, October 13). Two Steps Forward for Quantum Computing. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2002). National Aeronautics and Space Administration: Leadership and Systems Needed to Effect Financial Management Improvements (No. GAO-02-551T). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hogue, M. L. (2012). A Case Study of Perspectives on Building School and Community Partnerships (Doctoral dissertation). University of South Florida, Tampa, FL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin, J., & Maheshwari, S. (2017, May 14). Eyes Drift. Marketers Stick to TV. New York Times, p. B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Duster, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Chisholm & Kelley, 2001; Duster, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Chisholm & Kelley, 2001)
  • Three authors: (Mézard, Parisi, & Zecchina, 2002)
  • 6 or more authors: (Matsumoto et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleAmerican Educational Research Journal
AbbreviationAm. Educ. Res. J.
ISSN (print)0002-8312
ISSN (online)1935-1011

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