How to format your references using the American Educational Research Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for American Educational Research Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Goldston, D. (2012). Time to stop relying on things past. Nature, 492(7429), 313.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bergman, R., & Swenson, J. (2000). Dynamics of supercooled water in confined geometry. Nature, 403(6767), 283–286.
A journal article with 3 authors
Deana, A., Celesnik, H., & Belasco, J. G. (2008). The bacterial enzyme RppH triggers messenger RNA degradation by 5’ pyrophosphate removal. Nature, 451(7176), 355–358.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Koppens, F. H. L., Buizert, C., Tielrooij, K. J., Vink, I. T., Nowack, K. C., Meunier, T., … Vandersypen, L. M. K. (2006). Driven coherent oscillations of a single electron spin in a quantum dot. Nature, 442(7104), 766–771.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Graham, L. (2010). Complying with Sarbanes-Oxley Section 404. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Nixon, M. S. (2006). Human Identification Based on Gait. (T. Tan & R. Chellappa, Eds.) (Vol. 4). Boston, MA: Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Lattimer, B., & Campbell, T. (2006). Fire Modelling of Composites. In A. G. Gibson (Ed.), Fire Properties of Polymer Composite Materials (pp. 103–132). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for American Educational Research Journal.

Blog post
Hamilton, K. (2016, October 3). Marine Parks And Fishery Management: What’s The Best Way To Protect Fish? Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1987). [Comments on Charging Cellular Telephone Installation to Senate Contingent Fund] (No. B-227763). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Crider, M. C. (2012). The social and environmental effects of shrimp mariculture: Case studies of two coastal villages in Ecuador (Doctoral dissertation). Florida Atlantic University, Boca Raton, FL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Anderson, J. (2013, May 2). Is This the Best Education Money Can Buy? New York Times, p. MM46.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Malakoff, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Gershon, 2000; Jacobs, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bergman & Swenson, 2000)
  • Three authors: (Deana, Celesnik, & Belasco, 2008)
  • 6 or more authors: (De Tomaso et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleAmerican Educational Research Journal
AbbreviationAm. Educ. Res. J.
ISSN (print)0002-8312
ISSN (online)1935-1011

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