How to format your references using the Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Erwin DH (2005) Macroevolution. Seeds of diversity. Science 308:1752–1753.
A journal article with 2 authors
Chameides W, Oppenheimer M (2007) Climate change. Carbon trading over taxes. Science 315:1670.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ledderose J, Dieter S, Schwarz MK (2013) Maturation of postnatally generated olfactory bulb granule cells depends on functional γ-protocadherin expression. Sci Rep 3:1514.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Ferrón SR, Charalambous M, Radford E, McEwen K, Wildner H, Hind E, Morante-Redolat JM, Laborda J, Guillemot F, Bauer SR, Fariñas I, Ferguson-Smith AC (2011) Postnatal loss of Dlk1 imprinting in stem cells and niche astrocytes regulates neurogenesis. Nature 475:381–385.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Willis DO (2013) Business Basics for Dentists. West Sussex, UK, John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Jacob WJ, Sutin SE, Weidman JC, Yeager JL (Eds.) (2015) Community Engagement in Higher Education: Policy Reforms and Practice, Pittsburgh Studies In Comparative and International Education. Rotterdam, SensePublishers.
A chapter in an edited book
Turner ME, Fireman M (2016) Evaluating the Biopsychosocial Milieu of Chronic Pain In: Treating Comorbid Opioid Use Disorder in Chronic Pain (Matthews AM, Fellers JC eds), pp 35–45. Cham, Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research.

Blog post
Davis J (2016) Natural Selection Observed In Penguins For The First Time. IFLScience. Available at: Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2007) Telecommunications: FCC Should Take Steps to Ensure Equal Access to Rulemaking Information (No. GAO-07-1046). Washington, DC, U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lee S (2016) Data-driven computer vision for science and the humanities (Doctoral dissertation). Bloomington, IN, Indiana University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt) SK (2004) World Briefing | Europe: Russia: Prison For Bombings Investigator. New York Times A12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Erwin, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Chameides and Oppenheimer, 2007; Erwin, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Chameides and Oppenheimer, 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Ferrón et al., 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleAlcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research
AbbreviationAlcohol. Clin. Exp. Res.
ISSN (online)1530-0277
ScopeMedicine (miscellaneous)
Psychiatry and Mental health

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