How to format your references using the Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Salamini F (2003) Plant Biology. Hormones and the green revolution. Science 302:71–72.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sundaram JK, von Arnim R (2009) Economics. Trade liberalization and economic development. Science 323:211–212.
A journal article with 3 authors
Webster AJ, Payne RJH, Pagel M (2003) Molecular phylogenies link rates of evolution and speciation. Science 301:478.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Kataoka N, Dobashi I, Hagiwara M, Ohno M (2013) hDbr1 is a nucleocytoplasmic shuttling protein with a protein phosphatase-like motif essential for debranching activity. Sci Rep 3:1090.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Luther GW III (2016) Inorganic Chemistry for Geochemistry and Environmental Sciences. Chichester, UK, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Decker H, Lhotská L, Link S, Spies M, Wagner RR (Eds.) (2014) Database and Expert Systems Applications: 25th International Conference, DEXA 2014, Munich, Germany, September 1-4, 2014. Proceedings, Part I, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Cham, Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Ferbus-Zanda M (2014) Kolmogorov Complexity in Perspective Part II: Classification, Information Processing and Duality In: Constructivity and Computability in Historical and Philosophical Perspective, Logic, Epistemology, and the Unity of Science (Dubucs J, Bourdeau M eds), pp 95–134. Dordrecht, Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research.

Blog post
Fang J (2014) Make Your Own Droplet Microscope Lens for a Penny. IFLScience. Available at: Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2016) Hazardous Materials Transportation: Better Guidance and Planning Could Enhance DOT’s Explosives Classification Oversight (No. GAO-16-715). Washington, DC, U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Reilly CA (2014) Information and Communication Technology Use in the College Classroom: Adjunct Faculty Perspectives (Doctoral dissertation). Scottsdale, AZ, Northcentral University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Erlanger S (2014) Greek Statue Travels Again, but Not to Greece. New York Times A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Salamini, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Salamini, 2003; Sundaram and von Arnim, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sundaram and von Arnim, 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Kataoka et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleAlcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research
AbbreviationAlcohol. Clin. Exp. Res.
ISSN (online)1530-0277
ScopeMedicine (miscellaneous)
Psychiatry and Mental health

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