How to format your references using the Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Boden M (2007) Obituary: Donald Michie (1923-2007). Nature 448:765.
A journal article with 2 authors
Pullum GK, Scholz BC (2001) More than words. Nature 413:367.
A journal article with 3 authors
Allanore A, Yin L, Sadoway DR (2013) A new anode material for oxygen evolution in molten oxide electrolysis. Nature 497:353–356.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Leinders-Zufall T, Brennan P, Widmayer P, S PC, Maul-Pavicic A, Jäger M, Li X-H, Breer H, Zufall F, Boehm T (2004) MHC class I peptides as chemosensory signals in the vomeronasal organ. Science 306:1033–1037.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Nölte J (2005) ICP Emissionsspektrometrie für Praktiker. Weinheim, FRG, Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Hnyk D, McKee M (Eds.) (2015) Boron: The Fifth Element, 1st ed. 2015. ed, Challenges and Advances in Computational Chemistry and Physics. Cham, Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Riviello D, Benco S, Crespi FL, Ghittino A, Garello R, Perotti A (2014) Spectrum Sensing Algorithms for Cognitive TV White-Spaces Systems In: Cognitive Communication and Cooperative HetNet Coexistence: Selected Advances on Spectrum Sensing, Learning, and Security Approaches, Signals and Communication Technology (Di Benedetto M-G, Bader F eds), pp 71–90. Cham, Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J (2015) Dark Matter is Being Measured More Accurately Than Ever Before. IFLScience. Available at: Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1996) FCC: Redesignating and Reallocating Frequency Bands and Establishing Rules and Policies for Local Multipoint Distribution Service and Fixed Satellite Services (No. OGC-96-44). Washington, DC, U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Warner T (2015) California Assembly Bill 2404 Fair Play in Community Sports Act compliance procedures manual (Doctoral dissertation). Long Beach, CA, California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vlasic B (2013) Federal Judge Halts Legal Challenges in Detroit Bankruptcy Case. New York Times A14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Boden, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Boden, 2007; Pullum and Scholz, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Pullum and Scholz, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Leinders-Zufall et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleAlcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research
AbbreviationAlcohol. Clin. Exp. Res.
ISSN (online)1530-0277
ScopeMedicine (miscellaneous)
Psychiatry and Mental health

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