How to format your references using the Advanced Organic Chemistry Letters citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Advanced Organic Chemistry Letters. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
C.D.G. Harley. Climate change, keystone predation, and biodiversity loss. Science 2011, 334 (6059), 1124–1127.
A journal article with 2 authors
M.J. Keeling, C.A. Gilligan. Metapopulation dynamics of bubonic plague. Nature 2000, 407 (6806), 903–906.
A journal article with 3 authors
N. Xu, C.-L. Tsai, J.T. Lee. Transient homologous chromosome pairing marks the onset of X inactivation. Science 2006, 311 (5764), 1149–1152.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
R.E. Martin, R.V. Marchetti, A.I. Cowan, et al. Chloroquine transport via the malaria parasite’s chloroquine resistance transporter. Science 2009, 325 (5948), 1680–1682.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
A. Mitra. Fundamentals of Quality Control and Improvement; John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2008.
An edited book
H.-M. Wang. Physical Layer Security in Random Cellular Networks; Zheng, T.-X., Ed.; SpringerBriefs in Computer Science; Springer, Singapore, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
A. Dacewicz, K. Nowak, E. Szelag. Temporal Information Processing and Language Skills in Children with Specific Language Impairment. In Recent Advances in Nonlinear Speech Processing; Esposito, A., Faundez-Zanuy, M., Esposito, A. M., Cordasco, G., Drugman, T., Solé-Casals, J., Morabito, F. C., Eds.; Smart Innovation, Systems and Technologies; Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2016; pp 45–52.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Advanced Organic Chemistry Letters.

Blog post
J. Davis. $460 Million Pledged to Vaccine Initiative To Help Tackle Emerging Infectious Diseases (accessed Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Federal Research: Lessons Learned from the Pilot Technology Access Program; RCED-95-212; U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1995.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
G. Reser. Assessing the Relationship between Adult Attachment and Differentiation of Self to Coparental Divorce Adjustment. Doctoral dissertation, Northcentral University, Scottsdale, AZ, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sophia Kishkovsky; Compiled by. Arts, Briefly; Russian Officials Say Looted War Art Can Stay. New York Times. March 7, 2005, p E2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleAdvanced Organic Chemistry Letters
ISSN (print)2348-1889

Other styles