How to format your references using the Acta Cytologica citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Acta Cytologica. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Folkman J: Retrospective. Jeffrey Isner, 1947-2001. Science 2001;294:1670.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sachdev S, Starykh OA: Thermally fluctuating superconductors in two dimensions. Nature 2000;405:322–325.
A journal article with 3 authors
Isakov SV, Melko RG, Hastings MB: Universal signatures of fractionalized quantum critical points. Science 2012;335:193–195.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Knill E, Laflamme R, Martinez R, Tseng CH: An algorithmic benchmark for quantum information processing. Nature 2000;404:368–370.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ahonen TT: m-Profits. Chichester, UK, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2006.
An edited book
Preston V (ed): Lewis & Clark: Weather and Climate Data from the Expedition Journals. Boston, MA, American Meteorological Society, 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
Li X, Wu R: Cross-Border Governance: The Merger of Guangzhou and Foshan; in Altrock U, Schoon S (eds): Maturing Megacities: The Pearl River Delta in Progressive Transformation. Dordrecht, Springer Netherlands, 2014, pp 83–102.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Acta Cytologica.

Blog post
Hale T: Trouble Sleeping? Scientists Say Go Camping For The Weekend. IFLScience 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30];Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: International Space Station: Measurable Performance Targets and Documentation Needed to Better Assess Management of National Laboratory. Washington, DC, U.S. Government Printing Office, 2015.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Atchison J: Caregivers with sibling sets: A curriculum to increase contact and permanency for siblings in out-of-home care 2009;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Perlstein L: The Transformer. New York Times 2008;BR19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleActa Cytologica
AbbreviationActa Cytol.
ISSN (print)0001-5547
ISSN (online)1938-2650
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Pathology and Forensic Medicine

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