How to format your references using the ACM Transactions on Reconfigurable Technology and Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ACM Transactions on Reconfigurable Technology and Systems (TRETS). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Friedrich H. Busse. 2004. Physics. Visualizing the dynamics of the onset of turbulence. Science 305, 5690 (September 2004), 1574–1575.
A journal article with 2 authors
David A. Nicewicz and David W. C. MacMillan. 2008. Merging photoredox catalysis with organocatalysis: the direct asymmetric alkylation of aldehydes. Science 322, 5898 (October 2008), 77–80.
A journal article with 3 authors
Vincent Mourre, Paola Villa, and Christopher S. Henshilwood. 2010. Early use of pressure flaking on lithic artifacts at Blombos Cave, South Africa. Science 330, 6004 (October 2010), 659–662.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Lionel Navarro, Florence Jay, Kinya Nomura, Sheng Yang He, and Olivier Voinnet. 2008. Suppression of the microRNA pathway by bacterial effector proteins. Science 321, 5891 (August 2008), 964–967.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Matthias Otto. 2016. Chemometrics. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany.
An edited book
Gian Luca Gardini and Maria Hermínia Tavares de Almeida (Eds.). 2016. Foreign Policy Responses to the Rise of Brazil: Balancing Power in Emerging States. Palgrave Macmillan UK, London.
A chapter in an edited book
Rina Kim and Lillie R. Albert. 2015. Context of Elementary Mathematics Education in South Korea. In Mathematics Teaching and Learning: South Korean Elementary Teachers’ Mathematical Knowledge for Teaching, Lillie R. Albert (ed.). Springer International Publishing, Cham, 49–61.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ACM Transactions on Reconfigurable Technology and Systems.

Blog post
Elise Andrew. 2014. Injecting Bacteria Can Shrink Tumors. IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018 from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2010. Highway Trust Fund: Nearly All States Received More Funding Than They Contributed in Highway Taxes Since 2005. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
John Emmett Ekstrom. 2009. Factors influencing retention in a residential treatment program. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Ben Brantley. 2016. Awaiting Execution, a Prophet Holds Forth. New York Times, C5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [2,4].
This sentence cites four references [2,6–8].

About the journal

Full journal titleACM Transactions on Reconfigurable Technology and Systems
AbbreviationACM Trans. Reconfigurable Technol. Syst.
ISSN (print)1936-7406
ISSN (online)1936-7414
ScopeGeneral Computer Science

Other styles