How to format your references using the ACM Transactions on Reconfigurable Technology and Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ACM Transactions on Reconfigurable Technology and Systems (TRETS). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
David Colquhoun. 2007. Science degrees without the science. Nature 446, 7134 (March 2007), 373–374.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gábor Czakó and Joel M. Bowman. 2011. Dynamics of the reaction of methane with chlorine atom on an accurate potential energy surface. Science 334, 6054 (October 2011), 343–346.
A journal article with 3 authors
I. Charrier, N. Mathevon, and P. Jouventin. 2001. Mother’s voice recognition by seal pups. Nature 412, 6850 (August 2001), 873.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
S. Sasaki, R. Ishiguro, F. Caupin, H. J. Maris, and S. Balibar. 2006. Superfluidity of grain boundaries and supersolid behavior. Science 313, 5790 (August 2006), 1098–1100.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Steve Bell. 2005. Lean Enterprise Systems. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Kai Cai. 2016. Supervisor Localization: A Top-Down Approach to Distributed Control of Discrete-Event Systems. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Ioannis E. Nikolaou and Konstantinos I. Evangelinos. 2013. A Framework for Evaluating the Social Responsibility Quality of Reverse Logistics. In Quality Management in Reverse Logistics: A Broad Look on Quality Issues and Their Interaction with Closed-Loop Supply Chains, Yiannis Nikolaidis (ed.). Springer, London, 53–72.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ACM Transactions on Reconfigurable Technology and Systems.

Blog post
Elise Andrew. 2014. A Christmas Comet To Be Seen From Dark Skies. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2007. Polar-Orbiting Operational Environmental Satellites: Restructuring Is Under Way, but Challenges and Risks Remain. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Jessica Stephanie Liza. 2009. Mentors’ perceptions of bullying in middle and high school settings. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Mary Williams Walsh. 2012. MetLife Settles Cases On Benefits. New York Times, B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [2,4].
This sentence cites four references [4–6,8].

About the journal

Full journal titleACM Transactions on Reconfigurable Technology and Systems
AbbreviationACM Trans. Reconfigurable Technol. Syst.
ISSN (print)1936-7406
ISSN (online)1936-7414
ScopeGeneral Computer Science

Other styles