How to format your references using the ACM Transactions on Reconfigurable Technology and Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ACM Transactions on Reconfigurable Technology and Systems (TRETS). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Giacomo Cavalli. 2012. Molecular biology. EZH2 goes solo. Science 338, 6113 (December 2012), 1430–1431.
A journal article with 2 authors
Eric W. McFarland and Jing Tang. 2003. A photovoltaic device structure based on internal electron emission. Nature 421, 6923 (February 2003), 616–618.
A journal article with 3 authors
D. B. Chklovskii, B. W. Mel, and K. Svoboda. 2004. Cortical rewiring and information storage. Nature 431, 7010 (October 2004), 782–788.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Robert A. Bindschadler, Matt A. King, Richard B. Alley, Sridhar Anandakrishnan, and Laurence Padman. 2003. Tidally controlled stick-slip discharge of a West Antarctic ice. Science 301, 5636 (August 2003), 1087–1089.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wolfram Jäger and Gero Marzahn. 2010. Mauerwerk. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany.
An edited book
Paulo Sampaio and Pedro Saraiva (Eds.). 2016. Quality in the 21st Century: Perspectives from ASQ Feigenbaum Medal Winners. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Andreas Thiel and Bettina König. 2008. An institutional analysis of land use modelling in the European Commission. In Sustainability Impact Assessment of Land Use Changes, Katharina Helming, Marta Pérez-Soba and Paul Tabbush (eds.). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 55–75.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ACM Transactions on Reconfigurable Technology and Systems.

Blog post
Danielle Andrew. 2016. Whale Of A Problem: Why Do Humpback Whales Protect Other Species From Attack? IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018 from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2009. Commuter Rail: Many Factors Influence Liability and Indemnity Provisions, and Options Exist to Facilitate Negotiations. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Jacqueline Steinberg. 2015. The Social Construction of Beauty: Body Modification Examined Through the Lens of Social Learning Theory. Doctoral dissertation. Pacifica Graduate Institute, Carpinteria, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Ben Rothenberg. 2016. Reaching a U.S. Apex, With a Bronze Medal in Tow. New York Times, SP4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [2,4].
This sentence cites four references [3,6–8].

About the journal

Full journal titleACM Transactions on Reconfigurable Technology and Systems
AbbreviationACM Trans. Reconfigurable Technol. Syst.
ISSN (print)1936-7406
ISSN (online)1936-7414
ScopeGeneral Computer Science

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