How to format your references using the ACM Transactions on Reconfigurable Technology and Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ACM Transactions on Reconfigurable Technology and Systems (TRETS). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Paul Smaglik. 2003. Science rocks. Nature 424, 6945 (July 2003), 233.
A journal article with 2 authors
John Karijolich and Yi-Tao Yu. 2011. Converting nonsense codons into sense codons by targeted pseudouridylation. Nature 474, 7351 (June 2011), 395–398.
A journal article with 3 authors
Douglas J. Levey, R. Scot Duncan, and Carrie F. Levins. 2004. Animal behaviour: use of dung as a tool by burrowing owls. Nature 431, 7004 (September 2004), 39.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Walton D. Jones, Pelin Cayirlioglu, Ilona Grunwald Kadow, and Leslie B. Vosshall. 2007. Two chemosensory receptors together mediate carbon dioxide detection in Drosophila. Nature 445, 7123 (January 2007), 86–90.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Roger S. Mazze, Ellie S. Strock, Richard M. Bergenstal, Amy Criego, Robert Cuddihy, Oded Langer, Gregg D. Simonson, and Margaret A. Powers. 2011. Staged Diabetes Management. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Andre D. Bandrauk, Emmanuel Lorin, and Jerome V. Moloney (Eds.). 2016. Laser Filamentation: Mathematical Methods and Models (1st ed. 2016 ed.). Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Salim Nahle and Naceur Malouch. 2008. Placement Algorithms for WiMAX Mesh Network. In Next Generation Teletraffic and Wired/Wireless Advanced Networking: 8th International Conference, NEW2AN and 1st Russian Conference on Smart Spaces, ruSMART 2008 St. Petersburg, Russia, September 3-5, 2008. Proceedings, Sergey Balandin, Dmitri Moltchanov and Yevgeni Koucheryavy (eds.). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 37–48.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ACM Transactions on Reconfigurable Technology and Systems.

Blog post
Elise Andrew. 2014. Could You Be Related To Genghis Khan? IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1992. Stafford Student Loans: Lower Subsidy Payments Could Achieve Savings Without Affecting Access. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Linda Gail Payne. 2015. The experience of caring for women with drug or alcohol problems in the general hospital. Doctoral dissertation. Florida Atlantic University, Boca Raton, FL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
George Vecsey. 2011. The Know-Nothing Mets? There’s a Pattern Here. New York Times, D4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [3,4].
This sentence cites four references [4,6–8].

About the journal

Full journal titleACM Transactions on Reconfigurable Technology and Systems
AbbreviationACM Trans. Reconfigurable Technol. Syst.
ISSN (print)1936-7406
ISSN (online)1936-7414
ScopeGeneral Computer Science

Other styles