How to format your references using the ACM Transactions on Reconfigurable Technology and Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ACM Transactions on Reconfigurable Technology and Systems (TRETS). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Joseph Swift. 2014. The point of it all. Science 346, 6211 (November 2014), 882.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rahul M. Kohli and Yi Zhang. 2013. TET enzymes, TDG and the dynamics of DNA demethylation. Nature 502, 7472 (October 2013), 472–479.
A journal article with 3 authors
Z. Zhang, K. Shibahara, and B. Stillman. 2000. PCNA connects DNA replication to epigenetic inheritance in yeast. Nature 408, 6809 (November 2000), 221–225.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
T. Roger, J. David, M. P. Glauser, and T. Calandra. 2001. MIF regulates innate immune responses through modulation of Toll-like receptor 4. Nature 414, 6866 (2001), 920–924.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Martin Sauter. 2013. 3G, 4G and Beyond-Bringing Networks, Devices and the Web Together. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Zhi-Hua Zhou, Fabio Roli, and Josef Kittler (Eds.). 2013. Multiple Classifier Systems: 11th International Workshop, MCS 2013, Nanjing, China, May 15-17, 2013. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Katalin Popovici and Ahmed Jerraya. 2009. Hardware Abstraction Layer. In Hardware-dependent Software: Principles and Practice, Wolfgang Ecker, Wolfgang Müller and Rainer Dömer (eds.). Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 67–94.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ACM Transactions on Reconfigurable Technology and Systems.

Blog post
Elise Andrew. 2015. Why Did SpaceX’s Rocket Explode In The Atmosphere? IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1996. Analysis of “Florida’s Fair Share.” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kristina Thompson. 2014. An Introduction to the Cox Proportional Hazards Model and Its Applications to Survival Analysis. Doctoral dissertation. Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Michael Cooper. 2017. Venezuela Cancels Another Dudamel Tour. New York Times, C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [3,4].
This sentence cites four references [3,5,7,8].

About the journal

Full journal titleACM Transactions on Reconfigurable Technology and Systems
AbbreviationACM Trans. Reconfigurable Technol. Syst.
ISSN (print)1936-7406
ISSN (online)1936-7414
ScopeGeneral Computer Science

Other styles