How to format your references using the ACM Transactions on Reconfigurable Technology and Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ACM Transactions on Reconfigurable Technology and Systems (TRETS). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
John Quackenbush. 2014. Perspective: Learning to share. Nature 509, 7502 (May 2014), S68.
A journal article with 2 authors
Brady Haran and Martyn Poliakoff. 2011. SPORE series winner. The periodic table of videos. Science 332, 6033 (May 2011), 1046–1047.
A journal article with 3 authors
Andrew Dillin, Douglas K. Crawford, and Cynthia Kenyon. 2002. Timing requirements for insulin/IGF-1 signaling in C. elegans. Science 298, 5594 (October 2002), 830–834.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Trese Leinders-Zufall, Peter Brennan, Patricia Widmayer, Prashanth Chandramani S, Andrea Maul-Pavicic, Martina Jäger, Xiao-Hong Li, Heinz Breer, Frank Zufall, and Thomas Boehm. 2004. MHC class I peptides as chemosensory signals in the vomeronasal organ. Science 306, 5698 (November 2004), 1033–1037.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
David B. Fogel, Derong Liu, and James M. Keller. 2016. Fundamentals of Computational Intelligence. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Eyvind Elstad (Ed.). 2016. Educational Technology and Polycontextual Bridging. SensePublishers, Rotterdam.
A chapter in an edited book
Judy F. Gordon and Robert L. Kramm. 2014. Clinical Trials for IOP-Lowering Devices to Support an FDA Premarket Submission. In Surgical Innovations in Glaucoma, John R. Samples and Iqbal Ike K. Ahmed (eds.). Springer, New York, NY, 61–66.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ACM Transactions on Reconfigurable Technology and Systems.

Blog post
Janet Fang. 2014. Nemo’s Dad Should Have Become His Mom, And Other Lies Children’s Movies Told You. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1998. Deferred Maintenance Reporting: Challenges to Implementation. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Christina Shurts. 2010. Superstructure. California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Ben Protess and Julie Hirschfeld Davis. 2017. Trump Vows Cuts in Wall St. Rules From Obama Era. New York Times, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [3,4].
This sentence cites four references [4,5,7,8].

About the journal

Full journal titleACM Transactions on Reconfigurable Technology and Systems
AbbreviationACM Trans. Reconfigurable Technol. Syst.
ISSN (print)1936-7406
ISSN (online)1936-7414
ScopeGeneral Computer Science

Other styles