How to format your references using the 3 Biotech citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for 3 Biotech. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Efron B (2013) Mathematics. Bayes’ theorem in the 21st century. Science 340:1177–1178
A journal article with 2 authors
Silljé HHW, Nigg EA (2003) Signal transduction. Capturing polo kinase. Science 299:1190–1191
A journal article with 3 authors
Finn CA, Sisson TW, Deszcz-Pan M (2001) Aerogeophysical measurements of collapse-prone hydrothermally altered zones at Mount Rainier volcano. Nature 409:600–603
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Mangold N, Quantin C, Ansan V, et al (2004) Evidence for precipitation on Mars from dendritic valleys in the Valles Marineris area. Science 305:78–81

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Palmquist SR (2015) Comprehensive Commentary on Kant’s Religion within the Bounds of Bare Reason. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Vielhauer C, Dittmann J, Drygajlo A, et al (eds) (2011) Biometrics and ID Management: COST 2101 European Workshop, BioID 2011, Brandenburg (Havel), Germany, March 8-10, 2011. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Gross RH, De Jager PL (2011) MS: Epidemiology and Genetics. In: Rizvi SA, Coyle PK (eds) Clinical Neuroimmunology: Multiple Sclerosis and Related Disorders. Humana Press, Totowa, NJ, pp 71–87

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for 3 Biotech.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Faster-Than-Light Travel: Are We There Yet? In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2007) Telecommunications: GSA Has Accumulated Adequate Funding for Transition to New Contracts but Needs Cost Estimation Policy. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Brown O (2008) Business and IT leaders’ behavioral affects on alignment and project outcome: A comparative leadership study. Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Chow AR, Paulson M (2017) ‘The Glass Menagerie’ To Close Early. New York Times C3

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Efron 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Silljé and Nigg 2003; Efron 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Silljé and Nigg 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Mangold et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal title3 Biotech
Abbreviation3 Biotech
ISSN (print)2190-572X
ISSN (online)2190-5738
ScopeAgricultural and Biological Sciences (miscellaneous)
Environmental Science (miscellaneous)

Other styles