How to format your references using the 3 Biotech citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for 3 Biotech. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hunten DM (2006) The sequestration of ethane on Titan in smog particles. Nature 443:669–670
A journal article with 2 authors
Kale MJ, Christopher P (2015) PHYSICS. Plasmons at the interface. Science 349:587–588
A journal article with 3 authors
Usami Y, Wu Y, Göttlinger HG (2015) SERINC3 and SERINC5 restrict HIV-1 infectivity and are counteracted by Nef. Nature 526:218–223
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Gao X, An H, Fang W, et al (2014) Characteristics of the transmission of autoregressive sub-patterns in financial time series. Sci Rep 4:6290

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Powsner RA, Palmer MR, Powsner ER (2013) Essentials of Nuclear Medicine Physics and Instrumentation. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK
An edited book
Giambene G (ed) (2007) Resource Management in Satellite Networks: Optimization and Cross-Layer Design. Springer US, Boston, MA
A chapter in an edited book
Shapiro S (2006) Effectiveness. In: Benthem J van, Heinzmann G, Rebuschi M, Visser H (eds) The Age of Alternative Logics: Assessing Philosophy of Logic and Mathematics Today. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 37–49

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for 3 Biotech.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014) Solar Technology Could Make Underground Parks In Cramped Cities Possible. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2010) Students With Disabilities: More Information and Guidance Could Improve Opportunities in Physical Education and Athletics. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Milner M (2009) An evaluation of the influence of case method instruction on the reflective thinking of MSW students. Doctoral dissertation, University of South Florida

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey G (2010) At Stadium, But Far From Roar Of Crowd. New York Times B13

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hunten 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Hunten 2006; Kale and Christopher 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kale and Christopher 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Gao et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal title3 Biotech
Abbreviation3 Biotech
ISSN (print)2190-572X
ISSN (online)2190-5738
ScopeAgricultural and Biological Sciences (miscellaneous)
Environmental Science (miscellaneous)

Other styles