Journal abbreviation: Middle East African journal of ophthalmology

The abbreviation of the journal title "Middle East African journal of ophthalmology" is "Middle East Afr. J. Ophthalmol.". It is the recommended abbreviation to be used for abstracting, indexing and referencing purposes and meets all criteria of the ISO 4 standard for abbreviating names of scientific journals.

Abbreviation rules

The table below outlines in detail the ISO 4 rules and matches to the ISSN maintained list of title word abbreviations (TWA) to derive the abbreviation.

TitleAbbreviationWord/Stem/Rule
MiddleMiddleNo abbreviation listed in TWA.
EastEastNo abbreviation listed in TWA.
AfricanAfr.matches the stem "Africa-"
journalJ.matches the word "journal"
ofRule 4.3: prepositions shall be omitted from title abbreviations.
ophthalmologyOphthalmol.matches the stem "ophthalmolog-"

Abbreviation systems

The International Organization for Standardization has developed the ISO 4 abbreviation system as a means of creating uniform abbreviations for journal titles. This allows researchers and academics to easily recognize and refer to journals in a consistent manner.

The abbreviation of journal titles follows ISO (International Organization for Standardization) for an array of subjects, NLM (National Library of Medicine) for biomedical sciences, and CASSI (CAS Source Index) for chemistry and related disciplines.

About the journal

Full journal titleMiddle East African journal of ophthalmology
AbbreviationMiddle East Afr. J. Ophthalmol.
ISSN (print)0974-9233
ISSN (online)0975-1599
NLM catalog101521797

Other journal abbreviations