How to format your references using the Zeitschrift für Psychologie citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Zeitschrift für Psychologie. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wong, G. (2004). Recruiters and industry. Get a foot in the door. Nature, 431(7012), 1128.
A journal article with 2 authors
Symington, L. S., & Holloman, W. K. (2004). Molecular biology. New Year’s resolution--resolving resolvases. Science (New York, N.Y.), 303(5655), 184–185.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wallace, K., Hardy, G., & Serabyn, E. (2000). Deep and stable interferometric nulling of broadband light with implications for observing planets around nearby stars. Nature, 406(6797), 700–702.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Yu, S.-W., Wang, H., Poitras, M. F., Coombs, C., Bowers, W. J., Federoff, H. J., … Dawson, V. L. (2002). Mediation of poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase-1-dependent cell death by apoptosis-inducing factor. Science (New York, N.Y.), 297(5579), 259–263.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Casandjian, C., Challamel, N., Lanos, C., & Hellesland, J. (2013). Reinforced Concrete Beams, Columns and Frames. Hoboken, NJ 07030 USA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Kaczorek, T. (2015). Fractional Linear Systems and Electrical Circuits. (K. Rogowski, Ed.) (Vol. 13). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Khiari, M., Boizumault, P., & Crémilleux, B. (2012). Combining Constraint Programming and Constraint-Based Mining for Pattern Discovery. In F. Guillet, G. Ritschard, & D. A. Zighed (Eds.), Advances in Knowledge Discovery and Management: Volume 2 (pp. 85–103). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Zeitschrift für Psychologie.

Blog post
Andrews, R. (2017, May 17). Google Is Celebrating The Antikythera Mechanism’s Discovery – But What The Hell Is It? Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2004). DOD Business Systems Modernization: Billions Continue to Be Invested with Inadequate Management Oversight and Accountability (No. GAO-04-615). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
McKinney, S. (2008). An analysis of the influence of No Child Left Behind and Arizona Learns on middle -school principal leadership behaviors and responsibilities (Doctoral dissertation). University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky, S. (2007, January 21). Party Time Where the Soviet Army Strutted. New York Times, p. TR3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wong, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Symington & Holloman, 2004; Wong, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Symington & Holloman, 2004)
  • Three authors: (Wallace, Hardy, & Serabyn, 2000)
  • 6 or more authors: (Yu et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleZeitschrift für Psychologie
AbbreviationZ. Psychol.
ISSN (print)2190-8370
ISSN (online)2151-2604

Other styles