How to format your references using the Zeitschrift für Psychologie citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Zeitschrift für Psychologie. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Fender, R. P. (2000). ASTRONOMY: A New Source of Gamma Rays. Science (New York, N.Y.), 288(5475), 2326.
A journal article with 2 authors
Chen, W., & Du, J. (2013). Ultrasound and pH dually responsive polymer vesicles for anticancer drug delivery. Scientific Reports, 3, 2162.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wang, Z., Chakrabarty, D., & Kaplan, D. L. (2006). A debris disk around an isolated young neutron star. Nature, 440(7085), 772–775.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Kusch, T., Florens, L., Macdonald, W. H., Swanson, S. K., Glaser, R. L., Yates, J. R., 3rd, Abmayr, S. M., Washburn, M. P., & Workman, J. L. (2004). Acetylation by Tip60 is required for selective histone variant exchange at DNA lesions. Science (New York, N.Y.), 306(5704), 2084–2087.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Riegel, M., Kroeselberg, D., Chindapol, A., & Premec, D. (2009). Deploying Mobile WiMAX. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Ross, A. A. (2006). Handbook of Multibiometrics (A. K. Jain & K. Nandakumar, Eds.; Vol. 6). Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Gurrib, I. (2016). The Relationship Between the Inequality-Adjusted Human Development Index and the Corruption Perceptions Index in Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) Major Economies. In M. A. Ramady (Ed.), The Political Economy of Wasta: Use and Abuse of Social Capital Networking (pp. 47–61). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Zeitschrift für Psychologie.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, October 8). Thousands Of Genomes Reveal Human Genetic Differences Around The World. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2006). National Transportation Safety Board: Preliminary Observations on the Value of Comprehensive Planning, and Greater Use of Leading Practices and the Training Academy (GAO-06-801T). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Alameddine, A. (2013). Perceptions of executives from seven selected companies of the use of social media in marketing practices [Doctoral dissertation]. Pepperdine University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M. W. (2015, September 3). Puerto Rico to Restructure Up to $5.7 Billion in Debt. New York Times, B4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Fender, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Chen & Du, 2013; Fender, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Chen & Du, 2013)
  • Three authors: (Wang et al., 2006)
  • 6 or more authors: (Kusch et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleZeitschrift für Psychologie
AbbreviationZ. Psychol.
ISSN (print)2190-8370
ISSN (online)2151-2604

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