How to format your references using the Zeitschrift für Psychologie citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Zeitschrift für Psychologie. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gewin, V. (2007). Crunch time for multiple-gene tests. Nature, 445(7126), 354–355.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hyde, J. S., & Linn, M. C. (2006). Diversity. Gender similarities in mathematics and science. Science (New York, N.Y.), 314(5799), 599–600.
A journal article with 3 authors
Fuller, P. M., Lu, J., & Saper, C. B. (2008). Differential rescue of light- and food-entrainable circadian rhythms. Science (New York, N.Y.), 320(5879), 1074–1077.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Okada, C., Yamashita, E., Lee, S. J., Shibata, S., Katahira, J., Nakagawa, A., Yoneda, Y., & Tsukihara, T. (2009). A high-resolution structure of the pre-microRNA nuclear export machinery. Science (New York, N.Y.), 326(5957), 1275–1279.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Adams, F., & Aizawa, K. (2010). The Bounds of Cognition. Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Campora, J., & Giambastiani, G. (Eds.). (2011). Olefin Upgrading Catalysis by Nitrogen-based Metal Complexes I: State-of-the-art and Perspectives (Vol. 34). Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Peng, C., Yue, D., & Han, Q.-L. (2015). Decentralized Control for IP-based Large-Scale Systems. In D. Yue & Q.-L. Han (Eds.), Communication and Control for Networked Complex Systems (pp. 59–75). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Zeitschrift für Psychologie.

Blog post
Hamilton, K. (2016, August 16). How Your Parent’s Lifespan Affects Your Health. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2015). Internet Protocol Transition: FCC Should Strengthen Its Data Collection Efforts to Assess the Transition’s Effects (GAO-16-167). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Madapatha, S. A. (2015). Energy efficient hierarchical wireless routing protocol (EEHW routing protocol) [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Liptak, A., & Walsh, M. W. (2016, June 14). Justices Reject Puerto Rico Law in Case on Restructuring Debt. New York Times, B3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gewin, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Gewin, 2007; Hyde & Linn, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hyde & Linn, 2006)
  • Three authors: (Fuller et al., 2008)
  • 6 or more authors: (Okada et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleZeitschrift für Psychologie
AbbreviationZ. Psychol.
ISSN (print)2190-8370
ISSN (online)2151-2604

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