How to format your references using the Zeitschrift für Politikwissenschaft citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Zeitschrift für Politikwissenschaft. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Pearson, Helen. 2002. Breast-cancer survey sets screening age for women. Nature 416: 251.
A journal article with 2 authors
Long, Michael A., and Michale S. Fee. 2008. Using temperature to analyse temporal dynamics in the songbird motor pathway. Nature 456: 189–194.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sun, Sha, Chau-Ti Ting, and Chung-I Wu. 2004. The normal function of a speciation gene, Odysseus, and its hybrid sterility effect. Science (New York, N.Y.) 305: 81–83.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Postma, H. W., T. Teepen, Z. Yao, M. Grifoni, and C. Dekker. 2001. Carbon nanotube single-electron transistors at room temperature. Science (New York, N.Y.) 293: 76–79.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Center for Chemical Process Safety. 1992. Guidelines for Auditing Process Safety Management Systems. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Watson, Anne, and Minoru Ohtani, ed. 2015. Task Design In Mathematics Education: an ICMI study 22. 1st ed. 2015. New ICMI Study Series. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Imhoff, Andreas B., Knut Beitzel, Knut Stamer, and Elke Klein. 2016. Elbow: Surgical procedure/aftercare. In Rehabilitation in Orthopedic Surgery, ed. A. B. Imhoff, K. Beitzel, K. Stamer, E. Klein, and G. Mazzocca, 61–64. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Zeitschrift für Politikwissenschaft.

Blog post
Taub, Ben. 2016. Illegal Drugs In People’s Pee Are Altering River Ecosystems. IFLScience. IFLScience. August 29.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2007. Information Technology: Improvements for Acquisition of Customs Trade Processing System Continue, but Further Efforts Needed to Avoid More Cost and Schedule Shortfalls. GAO-08-46. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Collette, Jantzen C. 2017. Validation of the tgFgfr1-EGFP Mouse Line as a Tool to Study Fibroblast Growth Factor Receptor 1 Cellular Localization and Expression After Experimental Manipulations. Doctoral dissertation, Lafayette, LA: University of Louisiana.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, Greg. 2004. There’s No Politics In the Foxhole. New York Times, October 18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Pearson 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Pearson 2002; Long and Fee 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Long and Fee 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Postma et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleZeitschrift für Politikwissenschaft
ISSN (print)1430-6387
ISSN (online)2366-2638

Other styles