How to format your references using the Zeitschrift für Psychologie citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Zeitschrift für Psychologie. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mellars, P. (2006). Going east: new genetic and archaeological perspectives on the modern human colonization of Eurasia. Science (New York, N.Y.), 313(5788), 796–800.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hauser, M. D., & Bever, T. (2008). Behavior. A biolinguistic agenda. Science (New York, N.Y.), 322(5904), 1057–1059.
A journal article with 3 authors
McKee, R. A., Walker, F. J., & Chisholm, M. F. (2001). Physical structure and inversion charge at a semiconductor interface with a crystalline oxide. Science (New York, N.Y.), 293(5529), 468–471.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Rossi, A., Kapahi, P., Natoli, G., Takahashi, T., Chen, Y., Karin, M., & Santoro, M. G. (2000). Anti-inflammatory cyclopentenone prostaglandins are direct inhibitors of IkappaB kinase. Nature, 403(6765), 103–108.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kowalick, T. M. (2004). Fatal Exit. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Ralyté, J., Brinkkemper, S., & Henderson-Sellers, B. (Eds.). (2007). Situational Method Engineering: Fundamentals and Experiences: Proceedings of the IFIP WG 8.1 Working Conference, 12–14 September 2007, Geneva, Switzerland (Vol. 244). Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Gay, S. J. (2016). Subtyping Supports Safe Session Substitution. In S. Lindley, C. McBride, P. Trinder, & D. Sannella (Eds.), A List of Successes That Can Change the World: Essays Dedicated to Philip Wadler on the Occasion of His 60th Birthday (pp. 95–108). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Zeitschrift für Psychologie.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2016, December 23). France Leads The Way With World’s First Solar Panel Road. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1996). Airline Deregulation: Changes in Airfares, Service, and Safety at Small, Medium-Sized, and Large Communities (RCED-96-79). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Khalili, A. (2017). Spectrally formulated user-defined element in Abaqus for wave motion analysis and health monitoring of composite structures [Doctoral dissertation]. Mississippi State University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barron, J. (2017, February 8). A Historic Home Burns, and Suspicions Spread. New York Times, A25.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Mellars, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Hauser & Bever, 2008; Mellars, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hauser & Bever, 2008)
  • Three authors: (McKee et al., 2001)
  • 6 or more authors: (Rossi et al., 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleZeitschrift für Psychologie
AbbreviationZ. Psychol.
ISSN (print)2190-8370
ISSN (online)2151-2604

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