How to format your references using the World's Poultry Science Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for World's Poultry Science Journal (WPSJ). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
TRIVEDI, B. 2012. Microbiome: The surface brigade. Nature 492: S60-1.
A journal article with 2 authors
LANDISMAN, C. E. and CONNORS, B. W. 2005. Long-term modulation of electrical synapses in the mammalian thalamus. Science (New York, N.Y.) 310: 1809–1813.
A journal article with 3 authors
AMODEO, G. A., RUDOLPH, M. J. and TONG, L. 2007. Crystal structure of the heterotrimer core of Saccharomyces cerevisiae AMPK homologue SNF1. Nature 449: 492–495.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
PARK, J.-O., TSURU, T., KODAIRA, S., CUMMINS, P. R. and KANEDA, Y. 2002. Splay fault branching along the Nankai subduction zone. Science (New York, N.Y.) 297: 1157–1160.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
CHERNIAKOV, M. 2003. An Introduction to Parametric Digital Filters and Oscillators (Chichester, UK, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd).
An edited book
ANDERSON, J., editor. 2013. Leading Cases in Sports Law (The Hague, The Netherlands, T. M. C. Asser Press). XV, 395 p pp.
A chapter in an edited book
LIU, J., XIN, J. and JINGJING, J. 2013. Green Growth of the Tertiary Industry, in X. LI and J. PAN (Eds) China Green Development Index Report 2011, pp. 105–131 (Berlin, Heidelberg, Springer).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for World's Poultry Science Journal.

Blog post
HALE, T. 2016, May 15. Fatal Road Crashes Involving Stoned Drivers Doubled In Washington After Legalization (IFLScience). (accessed 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE. 2014. Whistleblower Protection Program: Opportunities Exist for OSHA and DOT to Strengthen Collaborative Mechanisms (Washington, DC, U.S. Government Printing Office).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
DANDAVATE, R. 2006. Building Cultural Understanding Through Cultural Exchange (Doctoral dissertation, Columbus, OH, Ohio State University).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
QIU, L. 2017, April 3. Lessons and Interpretations on the Court Nomination Process. New York Times: A13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Trivedi 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Landisman and Connors 2005, Trivedi 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Landisman and Connors 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Park et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleWorld's Poultry Science Journal
AbbreviationWorlds. Poult. Sci. J.
ISSN (print)0043-9339
ISSN (online)1743-4777
ScopeAnimal Science and Zoology

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