How to format your references using the World's Poultry Science Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for World's Poultry Science Journal (WPSJ). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
FITZGERALD, G. A. 2014. Circadian Rhythms. Temporal targets of drug action. Science (New York, N.Y.) 346: 921–922.
A journal article with 2 authors
DI DOMIZIO, J. and GILLIET, M. 2015. SYNTHETIC BIOLOGY. Designer cells finely tuned for therapy. Science (New York, N.Y.) 350: 1478–1479.
A journal article with 3 authors
ZHAO, M.-H., CHEN, X.-P. and WANG, Q. 2014. Wetting failure of hydrophilic surfaces promoted by surface roughness. Scientific reports 4: 5376.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
KVAVADZE, E., BAR-YOSEF, O., BELFER-COHEN, A., BOARETTO, E., JAKELI, N., MATSKEVICH, Z. and MESHVELIANI, T. 2009. 30,000-year-old wild flax fibers. Science (New York, N.Y.) 325: 1359.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
BHALLA, S., MOHARANA, S., TALAKOKULA, V. and KAUR, N. 2016. Piezoelectric Materials (Chichester, UK, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd).
An edited book
A, K. M. A. and CLARK, O. H., editors. 2012. Handbook of Parathyroid Diseases: A Case-Based Practical Guide (Boston, MA, Springer US). XV, 280 p. 54 illus., 47 illus. in color pp.
A chapter in an edited book
GAO, Y., LI, C., FU, L. and CHU, H. 2016. Overall Performance Comparison of Three Dual-Frequency Constant Envelop Modulation Schemes for GNSS, in J. SUN, J. LIU, S. FAN, and F. WANG (Eds) China Satellite Navigation Conference (CSNC) 2016 Proceedings: Volume II, pp. 47–56 (Singapore, Springer).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for World's Poultry Science Journal.

Blog post
O`CALLAGHAN, J. 2017, February 28. SpaceX Plans To Send Two People On A Mission To The Moon In 2018 (IFLScience). (accessed 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE. 1999. Aviation Safety: FAA’s New Inspection System Offers Promise, but Problems Need to Be Addressed (Washington, DC, U.S. Government Printing Office).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
RODRIGUEZ, E. P. 2014. Curriculum development for nursing assistants: Pressure ulcer prevention module (Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA, California State University, Long Beach).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
BRANTLEY, B. 2017, June 20. Art’s but a Walking Shadow. New York Times: C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (FitzGerald 2014).
This sentence cites two references (FitzGerald 2014, Di Domizio and Gilliet 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Di Domizio and Gilliet 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Kvavadze et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleWorld's Poultry Science Journal
AbbreviationWorlds. Poult. Sci. J.
ISSN (print)0043-9339
ISSN (online)1743-4777
ScopeAnimal Science and Zoology

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