How to format your references using the World's Poultry Science Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for World's Poultry Science Journal (WPSJ). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
ZAANEN, J. 2000. High-temperature superconductivity. Stripes defeat the Fermi liquid. Nature 404: 714–715.
A journal article with 2 authors
SKINNER, G. and GORENSTEIN, P. 2003. Astronomy (communication arising): black holes, fleas and microlithography. Nature 426: 245–246.
A journal article with 3 authors
CONARD, N. J., MALINA, M. and MÜNZEL, S. C. 2009. New flutes document the earliest musical tradition in southwestern Germany. Nature 460: 737–740.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
GAUDIER, M., SCHUWIRTH, B. S., WESTCOTT, S. L. and WIGLEY, D. B. 2007. Structural basis of DNA replication origin recognition by an ORC protein. Science (New York, N.Y.) 317: 1213–1216.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
FEYEL, P. 2013. Loop-shaping Robust Control (Hoboken, NJ USA, John Wiley & Sons, Inc.).
An edited book
CRANDALL, K. A. and LAGERGREN, J., editors. 2008. Algorithms in Bioinformatics: 8th International Workshop, WABI 2008, Karlsruhe, Germany, September 15-19, 2008. Proceedings (Berlin, Heidelberg, Springer). XIII, 396 p pp.
A chapter in an edited book
BABATUNDE, Y. and LOW, S. P. 2015. Construction Industry in Nigeria, in S. P. LOW (Ed) Cross-Cultural Management and Quality Performance: Chinese Construction Firms in Nigeria, pp. 45–57 (Singapore, Springer).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for World's Poultry Science Journal.

Blog post
FANG, J. 2014, March 6. Doctors have cleared second baby of HIV (IFLScience). (accessed 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE. 2006. Commerce Information Technology Solutions Next Generation Governmentwide Acquisition Contract (Washington, DC, U.S. Government Printing Office).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
PEARSON, R. S. 2008. Relationship Banking in a Competitive Environment With and Without Information Sharing: The Importance of Credit Bureaus in Microfinance (Doctoral dissertation, Columbus, OH, Ohio State University).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
WALSH, M. W. 2017, May 18. In Hearing, Puerto Rico Faces Scope Of Its Woes. New York Times: B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Zaanen 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Zaanen 2000, Skinner and Gorenstein 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Skinner and Gorenstein 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Gaudier et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleWorld's Poultry Science Journal
AbbreviationWorlds. Poult. Sci. J.
ISSN (print)0043-9339
ISSN (online)1743-4777
ScopeAnimal Science and Zoology

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