How to format your references using the Workplace Health & Safety citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Workplace Health & Safety. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Nataf HC. Seismology. Inner core takes another turn. Nature. 2000;405(6785):411-412.
A journal article with 2 authors
Mokranjac D, Neupert W. Cell biology: Architecture of a protein entry gate. Nature. 2015;528(7581):201-202.
A journal article with 3 authors
Silva-Santos B, Pennington DJ, Hayday AC. Lymphotoxin-mediated regulation of gammadelta cell differentiation by alphabeta T cell progenitors. Science. 2005;307(5711):925-928.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Kundu B, Schlimp CJ, Nürnberger S, Redl H, Kundu SC. Thromboelastometric and platelet responses to silk biomaterials. Sci Rep. 2014;4:4945.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sellars C. Risk Assessment in People with Learning Disabilities. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2011.
An edited book
Shan M-C, Dayal U, Hsu M, eds. Technologies for E-Services: 5th International Workshop, TES 2004, Toronto, Canada, August 29-30, 2004, Revised Selected Papers. Vol 3324. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
Ferrara SD. Causal Value and Causal Link. In: Ferrara SD, Boscolo-Berto R, Viel G, eds. Malpractice and Medical Liability: European State of the Art and Guidelines. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013:93-107.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Workplace Health & Safety.

Blog post
Hale T. Gucci’s Parent Company Buys A Python Farm In Thailand. IFLScience. Published January 26, 2017. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Problems And Progress Of The U.S. Army Materiel Command’s Automated Data Processing Service Center Concept. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1974.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Spanier AJ. The Relationship of Genes and Environment with Exhaled Nitric Oxide in Children with Asthma. 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow K. On Once-Bawdy 42nd Street, The Last Dirty Picture Show. New York Times. November 4, 2001:148.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleWorkplace Health & Safety
AbbreviationWorkplace Health Saf.
ISSN (print)2165-0799
ISSN (online)2165-0969
ScopePublic Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
Nursing (miscellaneous)

Other styles