How to format your references using the Workplace Health & Safety citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Workplace Health & Safety. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sambles JR. Optics. Structured photons take it slow. Science. 2015;347(6224):828.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rivera MC, Lake JA. The ring of life provides evidence for a genome fusion origin of eukaryotes. Nature. 2004;431(7005):152-155.
A journal article with 3 authors
Brisbin IL Jr, Austad S, Jacobson SK. Canine detectives: the nose knows-or does it? Science. 2000;290(5494):1093b.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Baudrier-Raybaut M, Haïdar R, Kupecek P, Lemasson P, Rosencher E. Random quasi-phase-matching in bulk polycrystalline isotropic nonlinear materials. Nature. 2004;432(7015):374-376.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Scheller-Sheridan C. Basic Guide to Dental Instruments. West Sussex, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.; 2011.
An edited book
Cuzick J, Thorat MA, eds. Prostate Cancer Prevention. Vol 202. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
Daruich J, Manero E, Parietti A. The Liver and Surgery. In: Caviglia HA, Solimeno LP, eds. Orthopedic Surgery in Patients with Hemophilia. Milano: Springer; 2008:33-46.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Workplace Health & Safety.

Blog post
Hale T. Forget Lab-Grown Meat, Eating Insects Is Best For The Planet. IFLScience. Published May 8, 2017. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Transportation Disadvantaged: Progress in Implementing the New Freedom Program Has Been Limited, and Better Monitoring Procedures Would Help Ensure Program Funds Are Used as Intended. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2007.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Spillman SA. Is More Always Better: Comparing the Effects of Single and Multiple Learning Channels on Academic Performance. 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rosenberg E. American Airlines Suspends Worker After Episode on Plane. New York Times. April 22, 2017:A18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleWorkplace Health & Safety
AbbreviationWorkplace Health Saf.
ISSN (print)2165-0799
ISSN (online)2165-0969
ScopePublic Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
Nursing (miscellaneous)

Other styles