How to format your references using the Workplace Health & Safety citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Workplace Health & Safety. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Nicholls H. Conservation biology: Wild at heart. Nature. 2015;528(7583):474-475.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wang Y, Dohlman HG. Pheromone signaling mechanisms in yeast: a prototypical sex machine. Science. 2004;306(5701):1508-1509.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gizon L, Duvall TL, Schou J. Wave-like properties of solar supergranulation. Nature. 2003;421(6918):43-44.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Nanayama F, Satake K, Furukawa R, et al. Unusually large earthquakes inferred from tsunami deposits along the Kuril trench. Nature. 2003;424(6949):660-663.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gunn A, Pitt SJ. Parasitology. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2012.
An edited book
Cano EL. Quality Control with R: An ISO Standards Approach. (Martinez Moguerza J, Prieto M, eds.). Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Hamamatsu T. Reconsideration on Efficient Energy-Use Misunderstandings on Energy-Use and a Review of Technological Innovations. In: Cen K, Chi Y, Wang F, eds. Challenges of Power Engineering and Environment: Proceedings of the International Conference on Power Engineering 2007. Springer; 2007:32-36.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Workplace Health & Safety.

Blog post
Andrew E. We’ve Created A New Way To Look At Your Vagina – It Might Just Save Your Life. IFLScience. Published May 16, 2016. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Expenditures of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration for Public Relations Activities. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1974.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dias J. Factors associated with poor oral health among older adults. Published online 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
BRUCE LAMBERT; Reporting for this article was contributed by Faiza Akhtar, Beller PC, Burghardt LF, et al. Democrats Extend Control In Nassau and Suffolk. New York Times. November 9, 2005:B10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleWorkplace Health & Safety
AbbreviationWorkplace Health Saf.
ISSN (print)2165-0799
ISSN (online)2165-0969
ScopePublic Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
Nursing (miscellaneous)

Other styles