How to format your references using the Women & Performance: a journal of feminist theory citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Women & Performance: a journal of feminist theory. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Macilwain, Colin. 2013. “Scottish Science Is Ready to Go It Alone.” Nature 493 (7434): 579.
A journal article with 2 authors
Dong, F., and R. E. Miller. 2002. “Vibrational Transition Moment Angles in Isolated Biomolecules: A Structural Tool.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 298 (5596): 1227–1230.
A journal article with 3 authors
Pielke, Roger, Jr, Tom Wigley, and Christopher Green. 2008. “Dangerous Assumptions.” Nature 452 (7187): 531–532.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
St-Pierre, Charles, Sylvie Brochu, Juan Ruiz Vanegas, Maude Dumont-Lagacé, Sébastien Lemieux, and Claude Perreault. 2013. “Transcriptome Sequencing of Neonatal Thymic Epithelial Cells.” Scientific Reports 3: 1860.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Tatham, Mark, and Katherine Morton. 2006. Developments in Speech Synthesis. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Bu, Lingguo, and Robert Schoen, eds. 2011. Model-Centered Learning: Pathways to Mathematical Understanding Using GeoGebra. Vol. 6. Modeling and Simulations for Learning and Instruction. Rotterdam: SensePublishers.
A chapter in an edited book
Abo, Masahiro, and Wataru Kakuda. 2015. “RTMS for Poststroke Dysphagia.” In Rehabilitation with RTMS, edited by Wataru Kakuda, 89–108. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Women & Performance: a journal of feminist theory.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, Jonathan. 2015. “This Is The Message We Have Sent To Aliens.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1997. Core Competencies in Financial Management for Information Technology Personnel in the Federal Government (Exposure Draft). CC–3. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Koblick, Darin C. 2012. “Parallel High-Precision Orbit Propagation Using the Modified Picard-Chebyshev Method.” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Choi, Susan. 2013. “Vanishing Acts.” New York Times, November 10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Macilwain 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Macilwain 2013; Dong and Miller 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Dong and Miller 2002)
  • Three authors: (Pielke, Wigley, and Green 2008)
  • 4 or more authors: (St-Pierre et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleWomen & Performance: a journal of feminist theory
ISSN (print)0740-770X
ISSN (online)1748-5819
ScopeVisual Arts and Performing Arts
Gender Studies

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