How to format your references using the Women & Performance: a journal of feminist theory citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Women & Performance: a journal of feminist theory. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wang, Kaicun. 2014. “Sampling Biases in Datasets of Historical Mean Air Temperature over Land.” Scientific Reports 4 (April): 4637.
A journal article with 2 authors
Perutz, M. F., and A. H. Windle. 2001. “Cause of Neural Death in Neurodegenerative Diseases Attributable to Expansion of Glutamine Repeats.” Nature 412 (6843): 143–144.
A journal article with 3 authors
Shembade, Noula, Averil Ma, and Edward W. Harhaj. 2010. “Inhibition of NF-KappaB Signaling by A20 through Disruption of Ubiquitin Enzyme Complexes.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 327 (5969): 1135–1139.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Benhar, Moran, Michael T. Forrester, Douglas T. Hess, and Jonathan S. Stamler. 2008. “Regulated Protein Denitrosylation by Cytosolic and Mitochondrial Thioredoxins.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 320 (5879): 1050–1054.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Forsberg, Krister, and S. Z. Mansdorf. 2005. Quick Selection Guide to Chemical Protective Clothing. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Ricci, Francesco, Kalina Bontcheva, Owen Conlan, and Séamus Lawless, eds. 2015. User Modeling, Adaptation and Personalization: 23rd International Conference, UMAP 2015, Dublin, Ireland, June 29 -- July 3, 2015. Proceedings. Vol. 9146. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Greve, Ralf, and Heinz Blatter. 2009. “Constitutive Equations for Polycrystalline Ice.” In Dynamics of Ice Sheets and Glaciers, edited by Heinz Blatter, 49–60. Advances in Geophysical and Environmental Mechanics and Mathematics. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Women & Performance: a journal of feminist theory.

Blog post
Fang, Janet. 2015. “Enormous Ocean Discovered On Jupiter’s Moon.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1993. Space Shuttle Main Engine: NASA Has Not Evaluated the Alternate Fuel Turbopump Costs and Benefits. NSIAD-94-54. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sammons, Jennifer Lynne. 2012. “Perceived Benefits of and Barriers to Physical Exercise in People with Severe Mental Illness.” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Fernandez, Manny. 2015. “After Shooting, Scrutiny Turns to 2nd Officer.” New York Times, April 18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wang 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Wang 2014; Perutz and Windle 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Perutz and Windle 2001)
  • Three authors: (Shembade, Ma, and Harhaj 2010)
  • 4 or more authors: (Benhar et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleWomen & Performance: a journal of feminist theory
ISSN (print)0740-770X
ISSN (online)1748-5819
ScopeVisual Arts and Performing Arts
Gender Studies

Other styles