How to format your references using the Women & Performance: a journal of feminist theory citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Women & Performance: a journal of feminist theory. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Friedman, William E. 2009. “Evolution. Auxin at the Evo-Devo Intersection.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 324 (5935): 1652–1653.
A journal article with 2 authors
De Tomaso, Anthony W., and Irving L. Weissman. 2004. “Evolution of a Protochordate Allorecognition Locus.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 303 (5660): 977.
A journal article with 3 authors
Day, James M. D., D. Graham Pearson, and Lawrence A. Taylor. 2007. “Highly Siderophile Element Constraints on Accretion and Differentiation of the Earth-Moon System.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 315 (5809): 217–219.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Höhr, Alexandra I. C., Caroline Lindau, Christophe Wirth, Jian Qiu, David A. Stroud, Stephan Kutik, Bernard Guiard, et al. 2018. “Membrane Protein Insertion through a Mitochondrial β-Barrel Gate.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 359 (6373).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lundberg, Ulf, and Cary L. Cooper. 2010. The Science of Occupational Health. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Bhushan, Bharat, and Harald Fuchs, eds. 2006. Applied Scanning Probe Methods IV: Industrial Applications. NanoScience and Technology. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Gardiner, Jayne M., and Jelle Atema. 2014. “Flow Sensing in Sharks: Lateral Line Contributions to Navigation and Prey Capture.” In Flow Sensing in Air and Water: Behavioral, Neural and Engineering Principles of Operation, edited by Horst Bleckmann, Joachim Mogdans, and Sheryl L. Coombs, 127–146. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Women & Performance: a journal of feminist theory.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2015. “Scientists Discover Antimatter In Storms On Earth.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1983. Corrective Actions Taken or in Process To Reduce Job Corps’ Vulnerability to Improper Use of Contracting Authority. HRD-83-66. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Danna, Russell J. 2014. “Learning-Assisted Market-Based Optimization for Truck Task Scheduling.” Doctoral dissertation, Lafayette, LA: University of Louisiana.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley, Ben. 2017. “The Caged Beast Awakens.” New York Times, April 1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Friedman 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Friedman 2009; De Tomaso and Weissman 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (De Tomaso and Weissman 2004)
  • Three authors: (Day, Pearson, and Taylor 2007)
  • 4 or more authors: (Höhr et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleWomen & Performance: a journal of feminist theory
ISSN (print)0740-770X
ISSN (online)1748-5819
ScopeVisual Arts and Performing Arts
Gender Studies

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