How to format your references using the Women's Studies International Forum citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Women's Studies International Forum. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dahl-Jensen, D. (2000). CLIMATE CHANGE: Enhanced: The Greenland Ice Sheet Reacts. Science (New York, N.Y.), 289(5478), 404–405.
A journal article with 2 authors
Dunn, R. A., & Martinez, F. (2011). Contrasting crustal production and rapid mantle transitions beneath back-arc ridges. Nature, 469(7329), 198–202.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gerstner, W., Sprekeler, H., & Deco, G. (2012). Theory and simulation in neuroscience. Science (New York, N.Y.), 338(6103), 60–65.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Scheid, J. F., Mouquet, H., Ueberheide, B., Diskin, R., Klein, F., Oliveira, T. Y. K., Pietzsch, J., Fenyo, D., Abadir, A., Velinzon, K., Hurley, A., Myung, S., Boulad, F., Poignard, P., Burton, D. R., Pereyra, F., Ho, D. D., Walker, B. D., Seaman, M. S., … Nussenzweig, M. C. (2011). Sequence and structural convergence of broad and potent HIV antibodies that mimic CD4 binding. Science (New York, N.Y.), 333(6049), 1633–1637.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cowan, J. P. (2016). The Effects of Sound on People. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Altenbach, H., & Mikhasev, G. I. (Eds.). (2015). Shell and Membrane Theories in Mechanics and Biology: From Macro- to Nanoscale Structures (Vol. 45). Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Charpentier, É., & Vézina, N. (2016). Les effets exercés par les crises financières sur la force obligatoire des contrats: certitudes et incertitudes du droit québécois en matière d’imprévision. In B. Başoğlu (Ed.), The Effects of Financial Crises on the Binding Force of Contracts - Renegotiation, Rescission or Revision (pp. 59–81). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Women's Studies International Forum.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. (2015, October 23). 5 Of The Most Earth-Like Planets We’ve Found. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1976). Review of the Office of Education’s Basic Educational Opportunity Grant Program (No. 089536). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Stewart, A. R. (2009). Entrepreneurial perception: A survey of graduates of a global management MBA program [Doctoral dissertation]. Capella University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenberg, J. (2016, December 23). The Long, Long Road to Building ‘Fences.’ New York Times, AR8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Dahl-Jensen, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Dahl-Jensen, 2000; Dunn & Martinez, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Dunn & Martinez, 2011)
  • Three authors: (Gerstner et al., 2012)
  • 6 or more authors: (Scheid et al., 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleWomen's Studies International Forum
AbbreviationWomens. Stud. Int. Forum
ISSN (print)0277-5395
Sociology and Political Science

Other styles