How to format your references using the Women's Studies International Forum citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Women's Studies International Forum. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lewis, S. L. (2014). Scientist-versus-activist debates mislead the public. Nature, 506(7489), 409.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lau, W. C. Y., & Rubinstein, J. L. (2011). Subnanometre-resolution structure of the intact Thermus thermophilus H+-driven ATP synthase. Nature, 481(7380), 214–218.
A journal article with 3 authors
Yuasa, S., Nagahama, T., & Suzuki, Y. (2002). Spin-polarized resonant tunneling in magnetic tunnel junctions. Science (New York, N.Y.), 297(5579), 234–237.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Tomofuji, T., Kawabata, Y., Kasuyama, K., Endo, Y., Yoneda, T., Yamane, M., … Morita, M. (2014). Effects of hydrogen-rich water on aging periodontal tissues in rats. Scientific Reports, 4, 5534.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Haas, T. C. (2011). Improving Natural Resource Management. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Badica, C., Mangioni, G., Carchiolo, V., & Burdescu, D. D. (Eds.). (2008). Intelligent Distributed Computing, Systems and Applications: Proceedings of the 2nd International Symposium on Intelligent Distributed Computing – IDC 2008, Catania, Italy, 2008 (Vol. 162). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Heiberger, R. M., & Neuwirth, E. (2009). Normal and t Workbook. In E. Neuwirth (Ed.), R Through Excel: A Spreadsheet Interface for Statistics, Data Analysis, and Graphics (pp. 81–103). New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Women's Studies International Forum.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, July 26). This Giant Wall Sucks Carbon Dioxide Straight Out Of The Air. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2004). Highway Safety: Federal and State Efforts to Address Rural Road Safety Challenges (No. GAO-04-663). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mednick Takami, L. (2017). Chief Diversity Officers in U.S. Higher Education: Impacting the Campus Climate for Diversity (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shpigel, B. (2017, May 30). Finally on Big Stage, Predators Stumble in an Uneven Performance. New York Times, p. B9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lewis, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Lau & Rubinstein, 2011; Lewis, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lau & Rubinstein, 2011)
  • Three authors: (Yuasa, Nagahama, & Suzuki, 2002)
  • 6 or more authors: (Tomofuji et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleWomen's Studies International Forum
AbbreviationWomens. Stud. Int. Forum
ISSN (print)0277-5395
Sociology and Political Science

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