How to format your references using the Women's Studies International Forum citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Women's Studies International Forum. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gaspar, P. P. (2002). Silicon chemistry. R3Si+--free at last. Science (New York, N.Y.), 297(5582), 785–786.
A journal article with 2 authors
Albert, A. Y. K., & Otto, S. P. (2005). Sexual selection can resolve sex-linked sexual antagonism. Science (New York, N.Y.), 310(5745), 119–121.
A journal article with 3 authors
Pearson, P. D., Moje, E., & Greenleaf, C. (2010). Literacy and science: each in the service of the other. Science (New York, N.Y.), 328(5977), 459–463.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Irifune, T., Higo, Y., Inoue, T., Kono, Y., Ohfuji, H., & Funakoshi, K. (2008). Sound velocities of majorite garnet and the composition of the mantle transition region. Nature, 451(7180), 814–817.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
van Deventer, D. R., Imai, K., & Mesler, M. (2013). Advanced Financial Risk Management, Second Edition. John Wiley & Sons Singapore Pte. Ltd.
An edited book
Rajeshwar, K., McConnell, R., & Licht, S. (Eds.). (2008). Solar Hydrogen Generation: Toward a Renewable Energy Future. Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Habib, M. R., & Morris, D. L. (2016). Local and Regional Hyperthermia. In K. R. Aigner & F. O. Stephens (Eds.), Induction Chemotherapy: Systemic and Locoregional (pp. 53–60). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Women's Studies International Forum.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. (2017, March 7). Blue Origin Shows Off Its New Reusable Rocket To Take On SpaceX. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1969). Education Allowance Grants Made to Trust Territory Government Employees (No. 092692). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Magner, T. J. (2014). Performance and leadership in multiplayer online gaming [Doctoral dissertation]. Pepperdine University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Baker, L. (2011, September 21). Developers Cater to Two-Wheeled Traffic in Portland, Ore. New York Times, B6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gaspar, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Albert & Otto, 2005; Gaspar, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Albert & Otto, 2005)
  • Three authors: (Pearson et al., 2010)
  • 6 or more authors: (Irifune et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleWomen's Studies International Forum
AbbreviationWomens. Stud. Int. Forum
ISSN (print)0277-5395
Sociology and Political Science

Other styles