How to format your references using the Women's Midlife Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Women's Midlife Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Cavanagh P. The artist as neuroscientist. Nature. 2005;434:301–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Davis BR, Candotti F. Genetics. Mosaicism--switch or spectrum? Science. 2010;330:46–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Toope SJ, Tan CC, Fedoroff NV. Science in Asia. Improving Asia-Pacific science collaboration. Science. 2012;336:38–9.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Dong Y-J, Wang X-F, Yang S-W, Wu X-M. High performance current and spin diode of atomic carbon chain between transversely symmetric ribbon electrodes. Sci Rep. 2014;4:6157.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Miller JM. Chromatography. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2009.
An edited book
1. Enokido T, Yan L, Xiao B, Kim D, Dai Y, Yang LT, editors. Embedded and Ubiquitous Computing – EUC 2005 Workshops: EUC 2005 Workshops: UISW, NCUS, SecUbiq, USN, and TAUES, Nagasaki, Japan, December 6-9, 2005. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Pastuszak AW, Khera M. Erectile Dysfunction: Etiology and Risk Factors. In: Köhler TS, McVary KT, editors. Contemporary Treatment of Erectile Dysfunction: A Clinical Guide. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. p. 57–70.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Women's Midlife Health.

Blog post
1. Evans K. A Peek Into Women’s Bedrooms In 2016, According To A Popular Sex-Advice App. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Barriers to Competition in the Airline Industry. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1989 Sep. Report No.: T-RCED-89-66.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Mark M. A peer mentorship program for youth transitioning out of foster care: A grant proposal [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Greenhouse L. Justices, 5-4, Accept No Excuses From Inmate for Mistaken Late Filing of an Appeal. New York Times. 2007 Jun 15;A18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleWomen's Midlife Health
AbbreviationWomens Midlife Health
ISSN (online)2054-2690

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