How to format your references using the Women's Midlife Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Women's Midlife Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Schilling G. ASTRONOMY: The Virtual Observatory Moves Closer to Reality. Science. 2000;289:238a–9a.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Plaçais P-Y, Preat T. To favor survival under food shortage, the brain disables costly memory. Science. 2013;339:440–2.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Stott PA, Stone DA, Allen MR. Human contribution to the European heatwave of 2003. Nature. 2004;432:610–4.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Beisel C, Imhof A, Greene J, Kremmer E, Sauer F. Histone methylation by the Drosophila epigenetic transcriptional regulator Ash1. Nature. 2002;419:857–62.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Burger M, Graeber B, Schindlmayr G. Managing Energy Risk. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2014.
An edited book
1. Pérez DMC, Fain SM, Slater JJ, editors. Higher Education and Human Capital: Re/thinking the Doctorate in America. Rotterdam: SensePublishers; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Canuto C, Tabacco A. Local comparison of functions. Numerical sequences and series. In: Tabacco A, editor. Mathematical Analysis I. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015. p. 123–68.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Women's Midlife Health.

Blog post
1. O`Callaghan J. This Star Is Shooting Super-Heated Blobs Of Plasma Twice The Size Of Mars Into Space [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. NASA: Interest Earned on Letter of Credit Funds. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1997 Aug. Report No.: NSIAD-97-241R.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Lee S. Data-driven computer vision for science and the humanities [Doctoral dissertation]. [Bloomington, IN]: Indiana University; 2016.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Crow K. Old Wish List: More for Pupils; New List: Keep What We Have. New York Times. 2002 Jan 20;146.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleWomen's Midlife Health
AbbreviationWomens Midlife Health
ISSN (online)2054-2690

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