How to format your references using the Women's Midlife Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Women's Midlife Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Fewell JH. Social insect networks. Science. 2003;301:1867–70.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Pope BD, Gilbert DM. Genetics: Up and down in Down’s syndrome. Nature. 2014;508:323–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Sevenster D, Beckers T, Kindt M. Prediction error governs pharmacologically induced amnesia for learned fear. Science. 2013;339:830–3.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Pryor WR, Rymer AM, Mitchell DG, Hill TW, Young DT, Saur J, et al. The auroral footprint of Enceladus on Saturn. Nature. 2011;472:331–3.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Smith J, Roberts R. Vital Signs for Nurses. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2015.
An edited book
1. Wang Y. Optimal Trajectory Planning and Train Scheduling for Urban Rail Transit Systems. Ning B, van den Boom T, De Schutter B, editors. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Van Damme C, Coenen T, Vandijck E. Turning a Corporate Folksonomy into a Lightweight Corporate Ontology. In: Abramowicz W, Fensel D, editors. Business Information Systems: 11th International Conference, BIS 2008, Innsbruck, Austria, May 5-7, 2008 Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008. p. 36–47.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Women's Midlife Health.

Blog post
1. Carpineti A. Has Metallic Hydrogen Been Achieved For The First Time? [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Information Technology Utilization by the Federal Government. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1989 Jun. Report No.: T-IMTEC-89-9.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Sutton SR. Freshman transition programs: Effect on ninth grade student preparedness [Doctoral dissertation]. [ St. Charles, MO]: Lindenwood University; 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Vecsey G. Parade of Poor Play. New York Times. 2009 Nov 11;B15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleWomen's Midlife Health
AbbreviationWomens Midlife Health
ISSN (online)2054-2690

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