How to format your references using the Women's Health Issues citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Women's Health Issues. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kitayama, K. (2005). Comment on “Ecosystem properties and forest decline in contrasting long-term chronosequences.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 308(5722), 633; author reply 633.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hegde, D., & Mowery, D. C. (2008). Research funding. Politics and funding in the U.S. public biomedical R&D system. Science (New York, N.Y.), 322(5909), 1797–1798.
A journal article with 3 authors
Klahr, D., Zimmerman, C., & Jirout, J. (2011). Educational interventions to advance children’s scientific thinking. Science (New York, N.Y.), 333(6045), 971–975.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Murata, K., Mitsuoka, K., Hirai, T., Walz, T., Agre, P., Heymann, J. B., Engel, A., & Fujiyoshi, Y. (2000). Structural determinants of water permeation through aquaporin-1. Nature, 407(6804), 599–605.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hammes, G. G. (2005). Spectroscopy for the Biological Sciences. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Baranyi, P. (2015). Cognitive Infocommunications (CogInfoCom) (A. Csapo & G. Sallai, Eds.; 1st ed. 2015). Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Iwata, Y. (2012). A Faster Algorithm for Dominating Set Analyzed by the Potential Method. In D. Marx & P. Rossmanith (Eds.), Parameterized and Exact Computation: 6th International Symposium, IPEC 2011, Saarbrücken, Germany, September 6-8, 2011. Revised Selected Papers (pp. 41–54). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Women's Health Issues.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2015, October 13). This Is The World’s Smallest Known Free-Living Insect. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1993). Air Traffic Control: Status of FAA’s Modernization Program (RCED-93-121FS). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Caprile, J. A. (2016). The geochemical influence of trace element concentrations from marine sedimentary bedrock on freshwater streams in the western Transverse Mountain Ranges [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg, B. (2017, October 12). Film Series. New York Times, C24.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kitayama, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Hegde & Mowery, 2008; Kitayama, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hegde & Mowery, 2008)
  • Three authors: (Klahr et al., 2011)
  • 6 or more authors: (Murata et al., 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleWomen's Health Issues
AbbreviationWomens. Health Issues
ISSN (print)1049-3867
ScopeObstetrics and Gynaecology
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
Maternity and Midwifery
Health(social science)

Other styles