How to format your references using the Women's Health Issues citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Women's Health Issues. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schiermeier, Q. (2000). Review panel assails Brussels research bureaucracy. Nature, 406(6794), 336.
A journal article with 2 authors
Vogl, U., & Weitz, M. (2009). Laser cooling by collisional redistribution of radiation. Nature, 461(7260), 70–73.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lestas, I., Vinnicombe, G., & Paulsson, J. (2010). Fundamental limits on the suppression of molecular fluctuations. Nature, 467(7312), 174–178.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Volkov, I., Banavar, J. R., Maritan, A., & Hubbell, S. P. (2004). Neutral theory: the stability of forest biodiversity. Nature, 427(6976), 696; discussion 696-7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Minoli, D. (2005). Nanotechnology Applications to Telecommunications and Networking. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Miao, D., Pedrycz, W., Ślȩzak, D., Peters, G., Hu, Q., & Wang, R. (Eds.). (2014). Rough Sets and Knowledge Technology: 9th International Conference, RSKT 2014, Shanghai, China, October 24-26, 2014, Proceedings (Vol. 8818). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Martínez-Granero, F., Redondo-Nieto, M., Martín, M., & Rivilla, R. (2014). Phase Variation in Plant-Associated Pseudomonads. In E. I. Katsy (Ed.), Plasticity in Plant-Growth-Promoting and Phytopathogenic Bacteria (pp. 55–79). New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Women's Health Issues.

Blog post
Carpineti, C. (2017, May 17). How Much Does Your Personality Change When You Drink? Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1989). Issues Related to FAA’s Effectiveness (No. T-RCED-89-39). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Farrell, B. M. (2010). Body composition changes and work-efficiency effects from diet modification and incorporation of an at-home exercise regimen (Doctoral dissertation). University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wilson, M. (2017, October 16). New Jersey Man Is Found Guilty on All Counts in Chelsea Bomb Attack. New York Times, p. A19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Schiermeier, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Schiermeier, 2000; Vogl & Weitz, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Vogl & Weitz, 2009)
  • Three authors: (Lestas, Vinnicombe, & Paulsson, 2010)
  • 6 or more authors: (Volkov, Banavar, Maritan, & Hubbell, 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleWomen's Health Issues
AbbreviationWomens. Health Issues
ISSN (print)1049-3867
ScopeObstetrics and Gynaecology
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
Maternity and Midwifery
Health(social science)

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