How to format your references using the Women's Health Issues citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Women's Health Issues. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik, P. (2004). Baywatch: San Francisco. Nature, 427(6975), 658–659.
A journal article with 2 authors
Cirac, J. I., & Zoller, P. (2003). Physics. How to manipulate cold atoms. Science (New York, N.Y.), 301(5630), 176–177.
A journal article with 3 authors
Borgia, G., Coyle, B. J., & Keagy, J. (2012). Comment on “Illusions promote mating success in great bowerbirds.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 337(6092), 292; author reply 292.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Jiang, L., Dziedzic, P., Spacil, Z., Zhao, G.-L., Nilsson, L., Ilag, L. L., & Córdova, A. (2014). Abiotic synthesis of amino acids and self-crystallization under prebiotic conditions. Scientific Reports, 4, 6769.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society (TMS). (2011). Supplemental Proceedings. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Karlsson, C., Andersson, A. E., Cheshire, P. C., & Stough, R. R. (Eds.). (2009). New Directions in Regional Economic Development. Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Orton, D. C. (2016). Archaeology as a Tool for Understanding Past Marine Resource Use and Its Impact. In K. Schwerdtner Máñez & B. Poulsen (Eds.), Perspectives on Oceans Past (pp. 47–69). Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Women's Health Issues.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, October 5). Time Might Be Running Backwards Inside Black Holes. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2010). K-12 Education: Selected Cases of Public and Private Schools That Hired or Retained Individuals with Histories of Sexual Misconduct (GAO-11-200). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pena, A. M. (2012). Perceptions of Spanish/English bilingual school psychologists regarding competency in assessment and future training needs [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Maryland, College Park.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gustines, G. G. (2015, July 12). Giving Archie a Makeover at 74. New York Times, AR3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smaglik, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Cirac & Zoller, 2003; Smaglik, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Cirac & Zoller, 2003)
  • Three authors: (Borgia et al., 2012)
  • 6 or more authors: (Jiang et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleWomen's Health Issues
AbbreviationWomens. Health Issues
ISSN (print)1049-3867
ScopeObstetrics and Gynaecology
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
Maternity and Midwifery
Health(social science)

Other styles