How to format your references using the Women's Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Women's Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dobson CM. Protein chemistry. In the footsteps of alchemists. Science. 304(5675), 1259–1262 (2004).
A journal article with 2 authors
Kiel S, Little CTS. Cold-seep mollusks are older than the general marine mollusk fauna. Science. 313(5792), 1429–1431 (2006).
A journal article with 3 authors
Depège N, Bellafiore S, Rochaix J-D. Role of chloroplast protein kinase Stt7 in LHCII phosphorylation and state transition in Chlamydomonas. Science. 299(5612), 1572–1575 (2003).
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Friedrich WL, Kromer B, Friedrich M, Heinemeier J, Pfeiffer T, Talamo S. Santorini eruption radiocarbon dated to 1627-1600 B.C. Science. 312(5773), 548 (2006).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gabler J. Sociology for Dummies®. Wiley Publishing, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
DeLamater J, Ward A, editors. Handbook of Social Psychology. 2nd ed. 2013. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Zwick B, Joldes GR, Wittek A, Miller K. Numerical Algorithm for Simulation of Soft Tissue Swelling and Shrinking in a Total Lagrangian Explicit Dynamics Framework. In: Computational Biomechanics for Medicine: New Approaches and New Applications. Doyle B, Miller K, Wittek A, Nielsen PMF (Eds.), Springer International Publishing, Cham, 37–46 (2015).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Women's Health.

Blog post
Fang J. Millions of Dog Mummies Discovered in Catacombs of Anubis [Internet]. IFLScience (2015). Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Head Start Programs: Participant Characteristics, Services, and Funding. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mathes MD. Exploring Factors That Enabled Financial Advisors and Their Firms to Improve Professional Performance After 2008. (2014).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon M. Path of Saudi Arabian Trailblazer Runs Through the United States. New York Times, D5 (2012).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleWomen's Health
AbbreviationWomens. Health (Lond. Engl.)
ISSN (print)1745-5057
ISSN (online)1745-5056
ScopeGeneral Medicine

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