How to format your references using the Women's Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Women's Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mogi K. Cognitive factors correlating with the metacognition of the phenomenal properties of experience. Sci. Rep. 3, 3354 (2013).
A journal article with 2 authors
Diffenbaugh NS, Field CB. Changes in ecologically critical terrestrial climate conditions. Science. 341(6145), 486–492 (2013).
A journal article with 3 authors
Maisel SB, Höfler M, Müller S. A canonical stability-elasticity relationship verified for one million face-centred-cubic structures. Nature. 491(7426), 740–743 (2012).
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Loveday JS, Nelmes RJ, Guthrie M, et al. Stable methane hydrate above 2 GPa and the source of Titan’s atmospheric methane. Nature. 410(6829), 661–663 (2001).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Schober H. Transparent Shells. Wilhelm Ernst & Sohn, Verlag für Architektur und technische Wissenschaften GmbH & Co. KG, Berlin, Germany.
An edited book
Lüttge U, Beyschlag W, editors. Progress in Botany: Vol. 76. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Wu Y, Dai X. China’s Not-in-My-Backyard Protest in the Process of Urbanization. In: Urban China in the New Era: Market Reforms, Current State, and the Road Forward. Cheng Z, Wang M, Chen J (Eds.), Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 85–101 (2014).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Women's Health.

Blog post
Fang J. Researchers Grow Rat Forelimb in the Lab. IFLScience (2015).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Comparison of Amtrak Employee Injury Settlement Costs Under the Federal Employers’ Liability Act and State Workers’ Compensation Programs. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dinh H. A study of cell-based genetic algorithms with applications to neural networks. (2013).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Ryerson J. University Presses. New York Times, BR35 (2016).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleWomen's Health
AbbreviationWomens. Health (Lond. Engl.)
ISSN (print)1745-5057
ISSN (online)1745-5056
ScopeGeneral Medicine

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