How to format your references using the Women's Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Women's Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Borak A. Applied physics. Toward bridging the terahertz gap with silicon-based lasers. Science. 308(5722), 638–639 (2005).
A journal article with 2 authors
Sun Y-G, Chen Z-F. A gastrin-releasing peptide receptor mediates the itch sensation in the spinal cord. Nature. 448(7154), 700–703 (2007).
A journal article with 3 authors
Esper J, Cook ER, Schweingruber FH. Low-frequency signals in long tree-ring chronologies for reconstructing past temperature variability. Science. 295(5563), 2250–2253 (2002).
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Schaeffer J, Burch N, Björnsson Y, et al. Checkers is solved. Science. 317(5844), 1518–1522 (2007).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Berto F. There’s Something about Gödel. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Wescoat JL, Johnston DM, editors. Political Economies of Landscape Change: Places of Integrative Power. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Norling E, Edmonds B, Meyer R. Informal Approaches to Developing Simulation Models. In: Simulating Social Complexity: A Handbook. Edmonds B, Meyer R (Eds.), Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 39–55 (2013).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Women's Health.

Blog post
Andrew E. Man’s Severed Finger Regrown Using Tissue From A Pig [Internet]. IFLScience (2015). Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. November 1988 Internet Computer Virus and the Vulnerability of National Telecommunications Networks to Computer Viruses. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ramirez EY. Barriers to access to health care among Latino immigrants in the United States: A quantitative study. (2015).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard M. Tango On the Beach. New York Times, E5 (2010).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleWomen's Health
AbbreviationWomens. Health (Lond. Engl.)
ISSN (print)1745-5057
ISSN (online)1745-5056
ScopeGeneral Medicine

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