How to format your references using the Veterinary Parasitology: X citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Veterinary Parasitology: X. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Perez, F., 2015. Cell biology: Organelles under light control. Nature 518, 41–42.
A journal article with 2 authors
Spalding, M.D., Brown, B.E., 2015. Warm-water coral reefs and climate change. Science 350, 769–771.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wagner, D.E., Wang, I.E., Reddien, P.W., 2011. Clonogenic neoblasts are pluripotent adult stem cells that underlie planarian regeneration. Science 332, 811–816.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Sato, Y., Yasuhara, K., Kikuchi, J.-I., Sato, T.N., 2013. Synthetic cell division system: controlling equal vs. unequal divisions by design. Sci. Rep. 3, 3475.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Attwood, D., Baybutt, P., Devlin, C., Fluharty, W., Hughes, G., Isaacson, D., Joyner, P., Lee, E., Lorenzo, D., Morrison, L., Ormsby, B., 2006. Human Factors Methods for Improving Performance in the Process Industries. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Nguyen, L., Hippenmeyer, S. (Eds.), 2014. Cellular and Molecular Control of Neuronal Migration, Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Dai, X., Zhang, Y., Cao, Y., Wang, D., 2008. Stable Multirate Control Algorithm for Haptic Dental Training System, in: Xiong, C., Liu, H., Huang, Y., Xiong, Y. (Eds.), Intelligent Robotics and Applications: First International Conference, ICIRA 2008 Wuhan, China, October 15-17, 2008 Proceedings, Part II, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 27–35.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Veterinary Parasitology: X.

Blog post
Andrew, D., 2016. What Food Does It Take To Fuel Athletes Like Usain Bolt To Olympic Success? [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1985. Pell Grant Validation Imposes Some Costs and Does Not Greatly Reduce Award Errors: New Strategies Are Needed (No. PEMD-85-10). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Medina, L.M., 2012. Living with Global Shocks: Examining the Responses of Firms and Governments (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J., 2017. Wheeler’s Arm Tenderness Draws Caution Lights, Not Alarm Bells. New York Times B12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Perez, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Perez, 2015; Spalding and Brown, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Spalding and Brown, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Sato et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleVeterinary Parasitology: X
ISSN (print)2590-1389

Other styles