How to format your references using the Veterinary Parasitology: Regional Studies and Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Veterinary Parasitology: Regional Studies and Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Armbrust, E.V., 2009. The life of diatoms in the world’s oceans. Nature 459, 185–192.
A journal article with 2 authors
De La Cruz, E.M., Pollard, T.D., 2001. Structural biology. Actin’ up. Science 293, 616–618.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lyon, B.E., Chaine, A.S., Winkler, D.W., 2008. Ecology. A matter of timing. Science 321, 1051–1052.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Mastrogiovanni, D.D.T., Mayer, J., Wan, A.S., Vishnyakov, A., Neimark, A.V., Podzorov, V., Feldman, L.C., Garfunkel, E., 2014. Oxygen incorporation in rubrene single crystals. Sci. Rep. 4, 4753.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Raju, K.S.N., 2011. Fluid Mechanics, Heat Transfer, and Mass Transfer. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Béal, M.-P., Carton, O. (Eds.), 2013. Developments in Language Theory: 17th International Conference, DLT 2013, Marne-la-Vallée, France, June 18-21, 2013. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Basso, D., Pesarin, F., Salmaso, L., Solari, A., 2009. Nonparametric One-Way ANOVA, in: Salmaso, L., Pesarin, F., Basso, D. (Eds.), Permutation Tests for Stochastic Ordering and ANOVA: Theory and Applications with R, Lecture Notes in Statistics. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 105–132.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Veterinary Parasitology: Regional Studies and Reports.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. MAVEN Days Away From Reaching Mars [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1987. ADP Budget: Analysis of SSA’s Fiscal Year 1988 Information Technology Systems Request (No. IMTEC-87-37). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cox, A.M., 2017. Functional Gain and Change Mechanisms in Post-Production Complex Systems (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wilson, M., 2017. Prosecutors Say Chelsea Bombing Suspect Had ‘Evil in His Heart.’ New York Times A20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Armbrust, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Armbrust, 2009; De La Cruz and Pollard, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (De La Cruz and Pollard, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Mastrogiovanni et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleVeterinary Parasitology: Regional Studies and Reports
AbbreviationVet. Parasitol. (Amst.)
ISSN (print)2405-9390
General Veterinary

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