How to format your references using the Vaccine: X citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Vaccine: X. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Fujita T. Virology. Sensing viral RNA amid your own. Science 2006;314:935–6.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Shen J, Dahmann C. Extrusion of cells with inappropriate Dpp signaling from Drosophila wing disc epithelia. Science 2005;307:1789–90.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Suzuki G, Shimazu N, Tanaka M. A yeast prion, Mod5, promotes acquired drug resistance and cell survival under environmental stress. Science 2012;336:355–9.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Denisov D, Dang MT, Struth B, Wegdam G, Schall P. Resolving structural modifications of colloidal glasses by combining x-ray scattering and rheology. Sci Rep 2013;3:1631.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Cayoun BA. Mindfulness-integrated CBT for Well-being and Personal Growth. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2015.
An edited book
[1]
Agosti M, Esposito F, Ferilli S, Ferro N, editors. Digital Libraries and Archives: 8th Italian Research Conference, IRCDL 2012, Bari, Italy, February 9-10, 2012, Revised Selected Papers. vol. 354. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Farkas J, Jármai K. Beams and Columns. In: Jármai K, editor. Optimum Design of Steel Structures, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013, p. 43–59.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Vaccine: X.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew E. Fear Of Death Underlies Most Of Our Phobias. IFLScience 2016.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Space Operations: NASA Is Not Archiving All Potentially Valuable Data. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1990.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Cooper JB. Examining the relationship between grade configuration and teachers’ perceptions of working conditions in public K–8 schools and middle schools in North Carolina. Doctoral dissertation. University of North Carolina, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Gustines GG. Exhibition Recalls Slam-Bang World Of Pulp Magazines. New York Times 2012:F38.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,1].
This sentence cites four references [1,1,1,1].

About the journal

Full journal titleVaccine: X
ISSN (print)2590-1362
Scope

Other styles