How to format your references using the Vaccine: X citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Vaccine: X. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Pearce JM. Physics: Make nanotechnology research open-source. Nature 2012;491:519–21.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Lehmann J, Sohi S. Comment on “Fire-derived charcoal causes loss of forest humus.” Science 2008;321:1295; author reply 1295.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Fumagalli M, O’Meara JM, Prochaska JX. Detection of pristine gas two billion years after the Big Bang. Science 2011;334:1245–9.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Szenker-Ravi E, Altunoglu U, Leushacke M, Bosso-Lefèvre C, Khatoo M, Thi Tran H, et al. Author Correction: RSPO2 inhibition of RNF43 and ZNRF3 governs limb development independently of LGR4/5/6. Nature 2018;561:E7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Halpin DW, Senior BA. Financial Management and Accounting Fundamentals for Construction. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2009.
An edited book
[1]
Zitouni I, editor. Natural Language Processing of Semitic Languages. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Zhang M, Yin H. Efficient and Context-Aware Privacy Leakage Confinement. In: Yin H, editor. Android Application Security: A Semantics and Context-Aware Approach, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016, p. 63–76.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Vaccine: X.

Blog post
[1]
Fang J. Watch a Great White Attack a SharkCam. IFLScience 2014. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/watch-great-white-attack-sharkcam/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Follow Up of Sanitary Conditions in Selected Food Industries. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1978.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Jensen D. Functional Analysis of Calmodulin’s Calcium Dependent Inactivation of Orai1. Doctoral dissertation. Southern Illinois University, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Austen B. Violence and Division on Chicago’s South Side. New York Times 2016:SR5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleVaccine: X
ISSN (print)2590-1362
Scope

Other styles