How to format your references using the Vaccine: X citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Vaccine: X. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Dallek R. All the President’s scholarly men. Nature 2009;458:572–3.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Bisley JW, Goldberg ME. Neuronal activity in the lateral intraparietal area and spatial attention. Science 2003;299:81–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Bongard J, Zykov V, Lipson H. Resilient machines through continuous self-modeling. Science 2006;314:1118–21.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Schutzius TM, Graeber G, Elsharkawy M, Oreluk J, Megaridis CM. Morphing and vectoring impacting droplets by means of wettability-engineered surfaces. Sci Rep 2014;4:7029.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Bai Q, Bai Y, Ruan W. Advances in Pipes and Pipelines. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2017.
An edited book
[1]
Bendich A, Deckelbaum RJ, editors. Preventive Nutrition: The Comprehensive Guide for Health Professionals. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Krebs LU. Sexual Health During Cancer Treatment. In: Quinn GP, Vadaparampil ST, editors. Reproductive Health and Cancer in Adolescents and Young Adults, Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2012, p. 61–76.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Vaccine: X.

Blog post
[1]
Carpineti A. Where Is Planet Nine? IFLScience 2016.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Financial Management Systems: DHS Faces Challenges to Successfully Consolidate Its Existing Disparate Systems. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2009.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Torres N. Do family nurse practitioner students understand the physiological changes associated with andropause in men over forty? Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Vlasic B, Chapman MM. VW Starts Down Road of Winning Back Americans. New York Times 2016:B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleVaccine: X
ISSN (print)2590-1362
Scope

Other styles