How to format your references using the Vaccine: X citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Vaccine: X. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Liu Z. Atmospheric science. Glacial cycles and Indian monsoon--a southern push. Science 2011;333:706–8.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Taylor PG, Townsend AR. Stoichiometric control of organic carbon-nitrate relationships from soils to the sea. Nature 2010;464:1178–81.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Fay JC, Wyckoff GJ, Wu C-I. Testing the neutral theory of molecular evolution with genomic data from Drosophila. Nature 2002;415:1024–6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Condamin S, Bénichou O, Tejedor V, Voituriez R, Klafter J. First-passage times in complex scale-invariant media. Nature 2007;450:77–80.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Manuele FA. Advanced Safety Management Focusing on Z10 and Serious Injury Prevention. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2007.
An edited book
[1]
Verma VC, Gange AC, editors. Advances in Endophytic Research. New Delhi: Springer India; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Kadel R, Kessler C, Vogel L. Zero Footprint – A Viable Concept for Climate-Friendly Tourism in Africa? In: Conrady R, Buck M, editors. Trends and Issues in Global Tourism 2009, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009, p. 65–76.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Vaccine: X.

Blog post
[1]
Fang J. Ceres’ Mystery Spots Are Even Stranger Than We Thought. IFLScience 2015.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. James Webb Space Telescope: Project on Track but May Benefit from Improved Contractor Data to Better Understand Costs. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2015.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Stevenson J. Differences in physical activity behavior between insulin using diabetics versus non-insulin using diabetics. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Quain JR. Your Car Is Keeping Tabs on You. So Who’s It Tattling To? New York Times 2017:B4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleVaccine: X
ISSN (print)2590-1362
Scope

Other styles