How to format your references using the Urologic Oncology: Seminars and Original Investigations citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Urologic Oncology: Seminars and Original Investigations. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schlermiler Q. German research agency “doesn’t stifle creativity”, say 1,600 scientists. Nature 2000;404:915.
A journal article with 2 authors
Zhou BB, Elledge SJ. The DNA damage response: putting checkpoints in perspective. Nature 2000;408:433–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
Niemeier D, Gombachika H, Richards-Kortum R. How to transform the practice of engineering to meet global health needs. Science 2014;345:1287–90.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Winslow MM, Dayton TL, Verhaak RGW, Kim-Kiselak C, Snyder EL, Feldser DM, et al. Suppression of lung adenocarcinoma progression by Nkx2-1. Nature 2011;473:101–4.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ratzliff A, Unutzer J, Katon W, Stephens KA. Integrated Care. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2015.
An edited book
Jagaroo V, Santangelo SL, editors. Neurophenotypes: Advancing Psychiatry and Neuropsychology in the “OMICS” Era. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Hahn HK, Georg M, Peitgen H-O. Fractal Aspects of Three-Dimensional Vascular Constructive Optimization. In: Losa GA, Merlini D, Nonnenmacher TF, Weibel ER, editors. Fractals in Biology and Medicine, Basel: Birkhäuser; 2005, p. 55–66.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Urologic Oncology: Seminars and Original Investigations.

Blog post
Andrew E. A Guide To Using Drones To Study Wildlife: First, Do No Harm. IFLScience 2016. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Aircraft Maintenance: Additional FAA Oversight Needed of Aging Aircraft Repairs (Vol. I). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1991.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Al azze Q. Field-Oriented Control of Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motors Based on DSP Controller. Doctoral dissertation. Southern Illinois University, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin J, Wingfield N. Amazon Suspends Executive Accused of Sex Harassment. New York Times 2017:B6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleUrologic Oncology: Seminars and Original Investigations
AbbreviationUrol. Oncol.
ISSN (print)1078-1439

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