How to format your references using the Urologic Oncology: Seminars and Original Investigations citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Urologic Oncology: Seminars and Original Investigations. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Reenan RA. Molecular determinants and guided evolution of species-specific RNA editing. Nature 2005;434:409–13.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Wasan DT, Nikolov AD. Spreading of nanofluids on solids. Nature 2003;423:156–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Lin J, Balabin IA, Beratan DN. The nature of aqueous tunneling pathways between electron-transfer proteins. Science 2005;310:1311–3.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Ridderinkhof KR, de Vlugt Y, Bramlage A, Spaan M, Elton M, Snel J, et al. Alcohol consumption impairs detection of performance errors in mediofrontal cortex. Science 2002;298:2209–11.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Ytterdal T, Cheng Y, Fjeldly TA. Device Modeling for Analog and RF CMOS Circuit Design. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2003.
An edited book
[1]
Balandin S, Dunaytsev R, Koucheryavy Y, editors. Smart Spaces and Next Generation Wired/Wireless Networking: Third Conference on Smart Spaces, ruSMART 2010, and 10th International Conference, NEW2AN 2010, St. Petersburg, Russia, August 23-25, 2010. Proceedings. vol. 6294. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Albrecht A, Iglesias A. The Clock Ambiguity: Implications and New Developments. In: Mersini-Houghton L, Vaas R, editors. The Arrows of Time: A Debate in Cosmology, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012, p. 53–68.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Urologic Oncology: Seminars and Original Investigations.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew E. Rare Species Of Deep-Diving Whale Discovered. IFLScience 2014. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/rare-species-deep-diving-whale-discovered/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Transportation Issue Area: Active Assignments. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1998.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Anaya S. Animo clinician training program for detection and treatment of depression during pregnancy and postpartum depression in low income Latina women a grant proposal project. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Brantley B. Sam Shepard, Roaming Utterly Wild. New York Times 2017:C2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleUrologic Oncology: Seminars and Original Investigations
AbbreviationUrol. Oncol.
ISSN (print)1078-1439
ScopeOncology
Urology

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