How to format your references using the Urologic Oncology: Seminars and Original Investigations citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Urologic Oncology: Seminars and Original Investigations. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schiermeier Q. Climate change: the long road from Kyoto. Nature 2003;426:756.
A journal article with 2 authors
Jakob M, Hilaire J. Climate science: Unburnable fossil-fuel reserves. Nature 2015;517:150–2.
A journal article with 3 authors
Weymouth AJ, Hofmann T, Giessibl FJ. Quantifying molecular stiffness and interaction with lateral force microscopy. Science 2014;343:1120–2.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Graversen RG, Mauritsen T, Tjernström M, Källén E, Svensson G. Vertical structure of recent Arctic warming. Nature 2008;451:53–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Silvia T, Anzur T. Power Performance. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell; 2011.
An edited book
Wüthrich MV. Market-Consistent Actuarial Valuation. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
DeMuri GP, Wald ER. Microbiology of Acute, Subacute, and Chronic Rhinosinusitis in Children. In: Chang CC, Incaudo GA, Gershwin ME, editors. Diseases of the Sinuses: A Comprehensive Textbook of Diagnosis and Treatment, New York, NY: Springer; 2014, p. 89–97.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Urologic Oncology: Seminars and Original Investigations.

Blog post
Andrew E. Odds Keep Rising For A Big El Niño In 2015. IFLScience 2015. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Tax Systems Modernization: Progress in Achieving IRS’ Business Vision. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1996.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gillan-Sanderson NA. A Study of the Effect of Additional Reading Assistance on Student Achievement. Doctoral dissertation. Lindenwood University, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rashbaum WK, Schwirtz M. Rikers Tumult Rises: Monitor Accused of Spying. New York Times 2017:A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleUrologic Oncology: Seminars and Original Investigations
AbbreviationUrol. Oncol.
ISSN (print)1078-1439

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