How to format your references using the Urban Research & Practice citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Urban Research & Practice. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bowler, Peter J. 2009. “Darwin’s Originality.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 323 (5911): 223–226.
A journal article with 2 authors
Piotrowska, K., and M. Zernicka-Goetz. 2001. “Role for Sperm in Spatial Patterning of the Early Mouse Embryo.” Nature 409 (6819): 517–521.
A journal article with 3 authors
Fleurquin, Pablo, José J. Ramasco, and Victor M. Eguiluz. 2013. “Systemic Delay Propagation in the US Airport Network.” Scientific Reports 3 (January): 1159.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Scheffer, M., S. Carpenter, J. A. Foley, C. Folke, and B. Walker. 2001. “Catastrophic Shifts in Ecosystems.” Nature 413 (6856): 591–596.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Franco, Pedro. 2014. Understanding Bitcoin. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Nijsen, André, John Hudson, Christoph Müller, Kees Paridon, and R. Thurik, eds. 2009. Business Regulation and Public Policy: The Costs and Benefits of Compliance. Vol. 20. International Studies in Entrepreneurship. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Lucas, Julie Cook, Doris Schroeder, Gardar Arnason, Pamela Andanda, Joshua Kimani, Veronique Fournier, and Meena Krishnamurthy. 2013. “Donating Human Samples: Who Benefits? Cases from Iceland, Kenya and Indonesia.” In Benefit Sharing: From Biodiversity to Human Genetics, edited by Doris Schroeder and Julie Cook Lucas, 95–127. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Urban Research & Practice.

Blog post
Fang, Janet. 2015. “Polar Bear Shatters Previous Dive Record While Stalking Seals.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2005. Federal Aviation Administration: Stronger Architecture Program Needed to Guide Systems Modernization Efforts. GAO-05-266. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rose, Laura. 2012. “Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing: An Exploration From Science to Soul.” Doctoral dissertation, Carpinteria, CA: Pacifica Graduate Institute.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow, Linda. 2007. “LIPA Kills Wind Farm Off Jones Beach.” New York Times, August 26.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bowler 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Bowler 2009; Piotrowska and Zernicka-Goetz 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Piotrowska and Zernicka-Goetz 2001)
  • Three authors: (Fleurquin, Ramasco, and Eguiluz 2013)
  • 4 or more authors: (Scheffer et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleUrban Research & Practice
AbbreviationUrban Res. Pract.
ISSN (print)1753-5069
ISSN (online)1753-5077
ScopeGeography, Planning and Development
Urban Studies

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