How to format your references using the Urban Research & Practice citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Urban Research & Practice. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Willner, Itamar. 2002. “Tech.Sight. Bioelectronics. Biomaterials for Sensors, Fuel Cells, and Circuitry.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 298 (5602): 2407–2408.
A journal article with 2 authors
Galán, Jorge E., and Hans Wolf-Watz. 2006. “Protein Delivery into Eukaryotic Cells by Type III Secretion Machines.” Nature 444 (7119): 567–573.
A journal article with 3 authors
Stone, Lewi, Ronen Olinky, and Amit Huppert. 2007. “Seasonal Dynamics of Recurrent Epidemics.” Nature 446 (7135): 533–536.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Ogata, Chikako, Michio Koinuma, Kazuto Hatakeyama, Hikaru Tateishi, Mohamad Zainul Asrori, Takaaki Taniguchi, Asami Funatsu, and Yasumichi Matsumoto. 2014. “Metal Permeation into Multi-Layered Graphene Oxide.” Scientific Reports 4 (January): 3647.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Harrison, Andrew. 2016. The Life of D. H. Lawrence. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Vaamonde, Diana, Stefan S. du Plessis, and Ashok Agarwal, eds. 2016. Exercise and Human Reproduction: Induced Fertility Disorders and Possible Therapies. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Schein, Moshe, Sai Sajja, and Hans Ulrich Elben. 2007. “Diagnostica per Immagini per Lo Studio Dell’addome.” In Chirurgia Addominale d’urgenza: Il Buon Senso Di Schein: Guida Pratica per Sopravvivere Nella Trincea Delle Urgenze Chirurgiche, edited by Moshe Schein and Paul N. Rogers, 33–54. Milano: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Urban Research & Practice.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2016. “Disease Evolution: The Origins Of Anorexia And How It’s Shaped By Culture And Time.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1987. FAA Staffing: Challenges in Managing Shortages in the Maintenance Work Force. RCED-87-137. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Barham, Oliver M. 2017. “Microfabricated Bulk Piezoelectric Transformers.” Doctoral dissertation, College Park, MD: University of Maryland, College Park.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Eligon, John. 2017. “Cagey Mayweather Saves Fireworks for Last.” New York Times, August 27.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Willner 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Willner 2002; Galán and Wolf-Watz 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Galán and Wolf-Watz 2006)
  • Three authors: (Stone, Olinky, and Huppert 2007)
  • 4 or more authors: (Ogata et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleUrban Research & Practice
AbbreviationUrban Res. Pract.
ISSN (print)1753-5069
ISSN (online)1753-5077
ScopeGeography, Planning and Development
Urban Studies

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