How to format your references using the Urban Forestry & Urban Greening citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Urban Forestry & Urban Greening. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sakai, K.L., 2005. Language acquisition and brain development. Science 310, 815–819.
A journal article with 2 authors
Smith, A.E., Helenius, A., 2004. How viruses enter animal cells. Science 304, 237–242.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mitrovica, J.X., Gomez, N., Clark, P.U., 2009. The sea-level fingerprint of West Antarctic collapse. Science 323, 753.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Buermann, W., Forkel, M., O’Sullivan, M., Sitch, S., Friedlingstein, P., Haverd, V., Jain, A.K., Kato, E., Kautz, M., Lienert, S., Lombardozzi, D., Nabel, J.E.M.S., Tian, H., Wiltshire, A.J., Zhu, D., Smith, W.K., Richardson, A.D., 2018. Widespread seasonal compensation effects of spring warming on northern plant productivity. Nature 562, 110–114.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Grous, A., 2011. Applied Metrology for Manufacturing Engineering. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Mancuso, C., Jommi, C., D’Onza, F. (Eds.), 2012. Unsaturated Soils: Research and Applications: Volume 1. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Bishnupuri, K.S., Mishra, M.K., 2016. Epigenetics of Colorectal Cancer, in: Mishra, M.K., Bishnupuri, K.S. (Eds.), Epigenetic Advancements in Cancer. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 97–121.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Urban Forestry & Urban Greening.

Blog post
Hale, T., 2016. Rio 2016 Olympics: How Sick Could You Actually Get From Drinking The Water? [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2001. Troops to Teachers: Program Helped Address Teacher Shortages (No. GAO-01-567). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Zhong, A., 2017. Product Development Considerations for a Nutrient Rich Bar Using Cricket (Acheta domesticus) Protein (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Corkery, M., Walsh, M.W., 2015. Island Trips for Treasury. New York Times B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sakai, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Sakai, 2005; Smith and Helenius, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Smith and Helenius, 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Buermann et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleUrban Forestry & Urban Greening
AbbreviationUrban For. Urban Greening
ISSN (print)1618-8667
Soil Science

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