How to format your references using the Urban Forestry & Urban Greening citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Urban Forestry & Urban Greening. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rickaby, R., 2010. Journal club. A biogeochemist weighs up the climatic influence of CO2. Nature 465, 849.
A journal article with 2 authors
Zhou, S., Bongiorno, A., 2013. Origin of the chemical and kinetic stability of graphene oxide. Sci. Rep. 3, 2484.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sherwood, S.C., Bony, S., Dufresne, J.-L., 2014. Spread in model climate sensitivity traced to atmospheric convective mixing. Nature 505, 37–42.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Thornton, J.A., Kercher, J.P., Riedel, T.P., Wagner, N.L., Cozic, J., Holloway, J.S., Dubé, W.P., Wolfe, G.M., Quinn, P.K., Middlebrook, A.M., Alexander, B., Brown, S.S., 2010. A large atomic chlorine source inferred from mid-continental reactive nitrogen chemistry. Nature 464, 271–274.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lieser, K.H., 2007. Nuclear and Radiochemistry: Fundamentals and Applications. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH, Weinheim, Germany.
An edited book
Teller, J., Lee, J.R., Roussey, C. (Eds.), 2007. Ontologies for Urban Development, Studies in Computational Intelligence. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Bauer, L., Valera, S., 2015. Sense Inheritance in English Word-Formation, in: Bauer, L., Körtvélyessy, L., Štekauer, P. (Eds.), Semantics of Complex Words, Studies in Morphology. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 67–84.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Urban Forestry & Urban Greening.

Blog post
Andrews, R., 2017. One Billion People In Immediate Jeopardy If Paris Agreement Fails [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1978. Strong Centralized Management Needed in Computer-Based Information Systems (No. LCD-78-105). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Young, J.L., 2010. A community college’s loss of accreditation: A case study (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Novick, S.M., 2014. Classy Comfort Food in Relaxed Settings. New York Times LI11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Rickaby, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Rickaby, 2010; Zhou and Bongiorno, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Zhou and Bongiorno, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Thornton et al., 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleUrban Forestry & Urban Greening
AbbreviationUrban For. Urban Greening
ISSN (print)1618-8667
Soil Science

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