How to format your references using the Urban Forestry & Urban Greening citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Urban Forestry & Urban Greening. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Tylianakis, J.M., 2013. Ecology. The global plight of pollinators. Science 339, 1532–1533.
A journal article with 2 authors
Webby, R.J., Webster, R.G., 2003. Are we ready for pandemic influenza? Science 302, 1519–1522.
A journal article with 3 authors
Cabanes, C., Cazenave, A., Le Provost, C., 2001. Sea level rise during past 40 years determined from satellite and in situ observations. Science 294, 840–842.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Cai, H., Yu, S., Menon, S., Cai, Y., Lazarova, D., Fu, C., Reinisch, K., Hay, J.C., Ferro-Novick, S., 2007. TRAPPI tethers COPII vesicles by binding the coat subunit Sec23. Nature 445, 941–944.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Alberts, B., Johnson, A., Lewis, J., Morgan, D., Raff, M., Roberts, K., Walter, P., 2017. Molekularbiologie der Zelle. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany.
An edited book
S. Choras, R. (Ed.), 2014. Image Processing and Communications Challenges 5, Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing. Springer International Publishing, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Neurath, O., 2005. Serbia’s Successes in the Balkan War [1912], in: Cohen, R.S. (Ed.), Otto Neurath Economic Writings Selections 1904–1945, Vienna Circle Collection. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 200–234.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Urban Forestry & Urban Greening.

Blog post
Luntz, S., 2014. Star Without Iron Inspires Galactic Archaeology [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2007. Health Information Technology: Early Efforts Initiated but Comprehensive Privacy Approach Needed for National Strategy (No. GAO-07-400T). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Culumber, J.J., 2017. Physician Practice Survival: The Role of Analytics in Shaping the Future (Doctoral dissertation). University of South Florida, Tampa, FL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hollander, S., 2002. Fordham Produces Five Records and a Rout. New York Times 82.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Tylianakis, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Tylianakis, 2013; Webby and Webster, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Webby and Webster, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Cai et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleUrban Forestry & Urban Greening
AbbreviationUrban For. Urban Greening
ISSN (print)1618-8667
Soil Science

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