How to format your references using the Urban Forestry & Urban Greening citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Urban Forestry & Urban Greening. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Crane, B.R., 2012. Biochemistry. Nature’s intricate clockwork. Science 337, 165–166.
A journal article with 2 authors
Zubkov, M.V., Tarran, G.A., 2008. High bacterivory by the smallest phytoplankton in the North Atlantic Ocean. Nature 455, 224–226.
A journal article with 3 authors
Buck, W.R., Lavier, L.L., Poliakov, A.N.B., 2005. Modes of faulting at mid-ocean ridges. Nature 434, 719–723.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Adams, P.L., Stahley, M.R., Kosek, A.B., Wang, J., Strobel, S.A., 2004. Crystal structure of a self-splicing group I intron with both exons. Nature 430, 45–50.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Charalambides, C.A., 2016. Discrete q-Distributions. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Liljedahl, P., 2016. Problem Solving in Mathematics Education, ICME-13 Topical Surveys. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Khalil, A., Bowles, L., O’Brien, P., 2012. Systemic Thromboembolism in Pregnancy: Venous Thromboembolism, in: Cohen, H., O’Brien, P. (Eds.), Disorders of Thrombosis and Hemostasis in Pregnancy: A Guide to Management. Springer, London, pp. 51–69.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Urban Forestry & Urban Greening.

Blog post
Fang, J., 2014. Zombifying Fungus Recognizes the Brain of its Favorite Host [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1989. Special Education: The Attorney Fees Provision of Public Law 99-372 (No. HRD-90-22BR). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mullin Piette, A.J., 2010. Dialogic encounters among health care providers in pediatric critical care: A qualitative, collective case study (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky, S., 1999. Back to America, Trailing His Legend. New York Times 29.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Crane, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Crane, 2012, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Zubkov and Tarran, 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Adams et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleUrban Forestry & Urban Greening
AbbreviationUrban For. Urban Greening
ISSN (print)1618-8667
Soil Science

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