How to format your references using the Undersea & Hyperbaric Medicine Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Undersea & Hyperbaric Medicine Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lamborg C. Geochemistry. A new twist for mercury. Science. 2007 Oct 19;318(5849):402–3.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rittle J, Green MT. Cytochrome P450 compound I: capture, characterization, and C-H bond activation kinetics. Science. 2010 Nov 12;330(6006):933–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
Merkle FT, Mirzadeh Z, Alvarez-Buylla A. Mosaic organization of neural stem cells in the adult brain. Science. 2007 Jul 20;317(5836):381–4.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Moon SH, Park SJ, Hwang YJ, Lee D-K, Cho Y, Kim D-W, et al. Printable, wide band-gap chalcopyrite thin films for power generating window applications. Sci Rep. 2014 Mar 18;4:4408.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hahn GJ, Doganaksoy N. A Career in Statistics. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2011.
An edited book
Dolejší V. Discontinuous Galerkin Method: Analysis and Applications to Compressible Flow. Feistauer M, editor. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015. XIV, 572 p. 87 illus., 4 illus. in color. (Springer Series in Computational Mathematics; vol. 48).
A chapter in an edited book
Kirchschlaeger PG. To What Extent Should the State Protect Human Beings from Themselves? In: Mathis K, Tor A, editors. Nudging - Possibilities, Limitations and Applications in European Law and Economics. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. p. 59–67.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Undersea & Hyperbaric Medicine Journal.

Blog post
Fang J. IBM Watson set to battle brain cancers. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Public Health Information Technology: Additional Strategic Planning Needed to Guide HHS’s Efforts to Establish Electronic Situational Awareness Capabilities. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2010 Dec. Report No.: GAO-11-99.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Uthe PB. The development of polycationic materials for gene delivery applications [Doctoral dissertation]. [Chapel Hill, NC]: University of North Carolina; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow L. It’s Not Their Party, but They’ll Still Take Levy. New York Times. 2007 Jun 3;LI2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleUndersea & Hyperbaric Medicine Journal
AbbreviationUndersea Hyperb. Med.
ISSN (print)1066-2936
ScopeGeneral Medicine

Other styles