How to format your references using the Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dalton R. Transgenic corn found growing in Mexico. Nature. 2001;413(6854):337.
A journal article with 2 authors
Zuber MT, Garrick-Bethell I. Planetary science. What do we need to know to land on the Moon again? Science. 2005;310(5750):983-985.
A journal article with 3 authors
Semenov V, Dyadechkin S, Punsly B. Simulations of jets driven by black hole rotation. Science. 2004;305(5686):978-980.
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Ide S, Beroza GC, Shelly DR, Uchide T. A scaling law for slow earthquakes. Nature. 2007;447(7140):76-79.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Leddra M. Time Matters. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2010.
An edited book
Haller A, Huang G, Huang Z, Paik H-Y, Sheng QZ, eds. Web Information Systems Engineering – WISE 2011 and 2012 Workshops: Combined WISE 2011 and WISE 2012 Workshops, Sydney Australia, October 12-14, 2011 and Paphos, Cyprus, November 28-30, 2012, Revised Selected Papers. Vol 7652. Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Norguet J-P, Zimányi E, Steinberger R. Semantic Analysis of Web Site Audience by Integrating Web Usage Mining and Web Content Mining. In: Ting I-H, Wu H-J, eds. Web Mining Applications in E-Commerce and E-Services. Studies in Computational Intelligence. Springer; 2009:65-80.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology.

Blog post
Andrews R. Human Poop Has Snuck Into Some Coca-Cola Cans. IFLScience. Published March 29, 2017. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Talking Books for the Blind. U.S. Government Printing Office; 2007.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Connelly J. A tradition of excellence transitions to the 21 st century: Hungarian mathematics education, 1988-2008. Published online 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Liptak A, Wines M. Justices Thwart Strict Voter ID Law That Unevenly Hurt Blacks. New York Times. May 15, 2017:A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleUltrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
AbbreviationUltrasound Obstet. Gynecol.
ISSN (print)0960-7692
ISSN (online)1469-0705
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
Reproductive Medicine
Radiological and Ultrasound Technology

Other styles