How to format your references using the Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Chakravarty S. Physics. From complexity to simplicity. Science. 2008;319(5864):735-736.
A journal article with 2 authors
Nechiporuk A, Raible DW. FGF-dependent mechanosensory organ patterning in zebrafish. Science. 2008;320(5884):1774-1777.
A journal article with 3 authors
Krauss LM, Dodelson S, Meyer S. Primordial gravitational waves and cosmology. Science. 2010;328(5981):989-992.
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Sun W, Bennett VC, Eggins SM, Kamenetsky VS, Arculus RJ. Enhanced mantle-to-crust rhenium transfer in undegassed arc magmas. Nature. 2003;422(6929):294-297.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lindl T, Steubing R. Atlas of Living Cell Cultures. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2013.
An edited book
Antoniadis A, Poggi J-M, Brossat X, eds. Modeling and Stochastic Learning for Forecasting in High Dimensions. Vol 217. Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Willis R, Giles IP, Chen PP, López-Pedrera C, Cuadrado MJ, Pierangeli SS. What is the Mechanism(s) of Antiphospholipid Antibody-Mediated Thrombosis? In: Erkan D, Pierangeli SS, eds. Antiphospholipid Syndrome: Insights and Highlights from the 13th International Congress on Antiphospholipid Antibodies. Springer US; 2012:57-78.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology.

Blog post
Carpineti A. There Has Been A Mysterious Disruption Of Stratospheric Winds. IFLScience. Published September 5, 2016. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Discretionary Grants: Further Tightening of Education’s Procedures for Making Awards Could Improve Transparency and Accountability. U.S. Government Printing Office; 2006.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Flamenco E. A financial abuse prevention program for older adults: A grant proposal. Published online 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner J. Bullpen Surrenders Wheeler’s Lead, but the Mets Prevail. New York Times. June 8, 2017:B15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleUltrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
AbbreviationUltrasound Obstet. Gynecol.
ISSN (print)0960-7692
ISSN (online)1469-0705
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
Reproductive Medicine
Radiological and Ultrasound Technology

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