How to format your references using the Trends in Food Science & Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Trends in Food Science & Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gauntlett, J. (2000). Physics. Brane new worlds. Nature, 404(6773), 28–29.
A journal article with 2 authors
Zeng, L., & Song, R. (2013). Controlling chloride ions diffusion in concrete. Scientific Reports, 3, 3359.
A journal article with 3 authors
Nishiyama, T., Ohsumi, K., & Kishimoto, T. (2007). Phosphorylation of Erp1 by p90rsk is required for cytostatic factor arrest in Xenopus laevis eggs. Nature, 446(7139), 1096–1099.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Tanaka, S., Kerfeld, C. A., Sawaya, M. R., Cai, F., Heinhorst, S., Cannon, G. C., & Yeates, T. O. (2008). Atomic-level models of the bacterial carboxysome shell. Science (New York, N.Y.), 319(5866), 1083–1086.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sobel, A. (2009). All for One. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Cheema, M. A., Zhang, W., & Chang, L. (Eds.). (2016). Databases Theory and Applications: 27th Australasian Database Conference, ADC 2016, Sydney, NSW, September 28-29, 2016, Proceedings. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Veevers, N., & Allison, P. (2011). Gordonstoun. In P. Allison (Ed.), Kurt Hahn: Inspirational, Visionary, Outdoor and Experiential Educator (pp. 19–35). Rotterdam: SensePublishers.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Trends in Food Science & Technology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, April 4). Orthorexia Nervosa: When Righteous Eating Becomes An Obsession. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from IFLScience website:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2014). Department of Homeland Security: Actions Needed to Strengthen Management of Research and Development (No. GAO-14-865T). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ziv, A. (2014). Dynamics in interactions with digital technology: A depth psychological/theoretical exploration of the evolutionary-biological, symbolic, and emotional psyche in the digital age (Doctoral dissertation). Pacifica Graduate Institute, Carpinteria, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Cowley, S. (2017, August 31). Tally of Suspect Accounts at Wells Fargo Grows by 1.4 Million. New York Times, p. B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gauntlett, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Gauntlett, 2000; Zeng & Song, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Zeng & Song, 2013)
  • Three authors: (Nishiyama, Ohsumi, & Kishimoto, 2007)
  • 6 or more authors: (Tanaka et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleTrends in Food Science & Technology
AbbreviationTrends Food Sci. Technol.
ISSN (print)0924-2244
ScopeFood Science

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