How to format your references using the Trends in Endocrinology & Metabolism citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Trends in Endocrinology & Metabolism. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Fuyuno, I. (2006) Stuck in the middle. Nature 442, 237
A journal article with 2 authors
LaRue, C.C. and Padilla, P.A. (2012) IBI series winner. A mutant search--Caenorhabditis elegans and gene discovery. Science 338, 487–488
A journal article with 3 authors
Terray, A. et al. (2002) Microfluidic control using colloidal devices. Science 296, 1841–1844
A journal article with 3 or more authors
Ling, H. et al. (2003) Replication of a cis-syn thymine dimer at atomic resolution. Nature 424, 1083–1087

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hunt-Ahmed, K. (2013) Contemporary Islamic Finance, John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Salvendy, G. and Smith, M.J., eds. (2011) Human Interface and the Management of Information. Interacting with Information: Symposium on Human Interface 2011, Held as Part of HCI International 2011, Orlando, FL, USA, July 9-14, 2011, Proceedings, Part II, 6772Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Abu-Elteen, K.H. and Hamad, M.M. (2007) Novel Antifungal Therapies. In New Insights in Medical Mycology (Kavanagh, K., ed), pp. 69–98, Springer Netherlands

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Trends in Endocrinology & Metabolism.

Blog post
Hamilton, K. 28-Dec-(2016) , Why This Spot On The Jersey Coast Was Like A Magnet For Neanderthals. , IFLScience. [Online]. Available: [Accessed: 30-Oct-2018]


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2008) Telecommunications: FCC Has Made Some Progress in the Management of Its Enforcement Program but Faces Limitations, and Additional Actions Are Needed, U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Masumdar, S. (2017) , Vibration-based electromagnetic energy harvester for low-frequency road traffic. , Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley, B. and Green, J. 11-May-(2017) , Just How Great Was That ‘Comet’? , New York Times, AR16

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleTrends in Endocrinology & Metabolism
AbbreviationTrends Endocrinol. Metab.
ISSN (print)1043-2760
ISSN (online)1879-3061
Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

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