How to format your references using the Trends in Endocrinology & Metabolism citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Trends in Endocrinology & Metabolism. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Marshall, E. (2000) A sinister plot or victim of politics? Science 289, 571
A journal article with 2 authors
Bourc’his, D. and Bestor, T.H. (2004) Meiotic catastrophe and retrotransposon reactivation in male germ cells lacking Dnmt3L. Nature 431, 96–99
A journal article with 3 authors
Loudon, J.C. et al. (2002) Charge-ordered ferromagnetic phase in La(0.5)Ca(0.5)MnO3. Nature 420, 797–800
A journal article with 3 or more authors
Ding, L. et al. (2014) Lipid modulatory activities of Cichorium glandulosum Boiss et Huet are mediated by multiple components within hepatocytes. Sci. Rep. 4, 4715

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lane, M.J. (2015) The Mission-Driven Venture, John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Mitra, A. (2015) Blue Carbon Reservoir of the Blue Planet, Springer India.
A chapter in an edited book
Tolk, A. (2015) Modeling and Simulation Interoperability Concepts for Multidisciplinarity, Interdisciplinarity, and Transdisciplinarity – Implications for Computational Intelligence Enabling Autonomous Systems. In Modelling and Simulation for Autonomous Systems: Second International Workshop, MESAS 2015, Prague, Czech Republic, April 29-30, 2015, Revised Selected Papers (Hodicky, J., ed), pp. 60–74, Springer International Publishing

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Trends in Endocrinology & Metabolism.

Blog post
Hamilton, K. 21-Feb-(2017) , Watch Live As A Giraffe Gives Birth On Camera. , IFLScience. [Online]. Available: [Accessed: 30-Oct-2018]


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2006) Truck Safety: Share the Road Safely Pilot Initiative Showed Promise, but the Program’s Future Success Is Uncertain, U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sundell, M. (2009) , From fine art to fashion: Man Ray’s ambivalent avant-garde. , Doctoral dissertation, Columbia University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L. 20-Jun-(2008) , Self-Representation by the Mentally Ill Is Curbed. , New York Times, A15

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleTrends in Endocrinology & Metabolism
AbbreviationTrends Endocrinol. Metab.
ISSN (print)1043-2760
ISSN (online)1879-3061
Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

Other styles