How to format your references using the Trends in Endocrinology & Metabolism citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Trends in Endocrinology & Metabolism. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Levitt, P. (2004) Neuroscience. Sealing cortical cell fate. Science 303, 48–49
A journal article with 2 authors
Weiss, J. and Marsan, D. (2003) Three-dimensional mapping of dislocation avalanches: clustering and space/time coupling. Science 299, 89–92
A journal article with 3 authors
Goebel, T. et al. (2008) The late Pleistocene dispersal of modern humans in the Americas. Science 319, 1497–1502
A journal article with 3 or more authors
Molofsky, A.V. et al. (2006) Increasing p16INK4a expression decreases forebrain progenitors and neurogenesis during ageing. Nature 443, 448–452

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
King, M. (2016) Process Control, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Dallet, D. (2005) Dynamic Characterisation of Analogue-to-Digital Converters, 860Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Cerone, P. et al. (2014) Multiplicative Ostrowski and Trapezoid Inequalities. In Handbook of Functional Equations: Functional Inequalities (Rassias, T. M., ed), pp. 57–73, Springer

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Trends in Endocrinology & Metabolism.

Blog post
Davis, J. 29-Sep-(2016) , US Imports Of Oil From The Amazon Are Rising. , IFLScience. [Online]. Available: [Accessed: 30-Oct-2018]


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1982) The Requirements Determination Process Can Be Improved at NASA’s Langley Research Center, U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Brown, E.R. (2011) , Comparison of instructional techniques of high school economics teachers in Georgia and Shenzhen, China. , Doctoral dissertation, Capella University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Schmidt, M.S. and Apuzzo, M. 06-Jun-(2017) , Comey Didn’t Want to Be Alone With President, He Told Sessions. , New York Times, A1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleTrends in Endocrinology & Metabolism
AbbreviationTrends Endocrinol. Metab.
ISSN (print)1043-2760
ISSN (online)1879-3061
Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

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