How to format your references using the Tree Genetics & Genomes citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Tree Genetics & Genomes. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wilson RC (2000) The Great Goodbye. Nature 407:303
A journal article with 2 authors
Nowak MA, Sigmund K (2004) Evolutionary dynamics of biological games. Science 303:793–799
A journal article with 3 authors
Sethna JP, Dahmen KA, Myers CR (2001) Crackling noise. Nature 410:242–250
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Sato T, Kamiyama T, Takahashi T, et al (2001) Observation of d(x2-y2)-like superconducting gap in an electron-doped high-temperature superconductor. Science 291:1517–1519

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Radzevich SP (2013) Geometry of Surfaces. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Oxford, UK
An edited book
Novales A (2014) Economic Growth: Theory and Numerical Solution Methods, 2nd ed. 2014. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Saeki T, Kawano M (2016) Does IgG4-Related Disease Have an Autoimmune Basis? In: Saito T, Stone JH, Nakashima H, et al. (eds) IgG4-Related Kidney Disease. Springer Japan, Tokyo, pp 55–63

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Tree Genetics & Genomes.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Discovering A New Dinosaur Helped Us Prove Velociraptors Had Feathers. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1984) Federal Agencies’ Actions To Implement Section 11 of the Stevenson-Wydler Technology Innovation Act of 1980. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Escobedo NL (2014) A continuing bonds grief support group for Latinas who have lost a child: A grant proposal. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
de la MERCED MJ, Corkery M (2017) Sale at Lord & Taylor: Start-Up Is Moving In. New York Times A20

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wilson 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Wilson 2000; Nowak and Sigmund 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Nowak and Sigmund 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Sato et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleTree Genetics & Genomes
AbbreviationTree Genet. Genomes
ISSN (print)1614-2942
ISSN (online)1614-2950
Molecular Biology

Other styles