How to format your references using the Tree Genetics & Genomes citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Tree Genetics & Genomes. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kessler R (2014) Prevention: Air of danger. Nature 509:S62-3
A journal article with 2 authors
Mitra PP, Stark JB (2001) Nonlinear limits to the information capacity of optical fibre communications. Nature 411:1027–1030
A journal article with 3 authors
Sarbu T, Styranec T, Beckman EJ (2000) Non-fluorous polymers with very high solubility in supercritical CO2 down to low pressures. Nature 405:165–168
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Sabbah H, Biennier L, Sims IR, et al (2007) Understanding reactivity at very low temperatures: the reactions of oxygen atoms with alkenes. Science 317:102–105

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ruske W (1971) Verlag Chemie 1921-1971. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany
An edited book
Puig L (2013) Omnidirectional Vision Systems: Calibration, Feature Extraction and 3D Information. Springer, London
A chapter in an edited book
Andersson D (2007) HIROIMONO Is NP-Complete. In: Crescenzi P, Prencipe G, Pucci G (eds) Fun with Algorithms: 4th International Conference, FUN 2007, Castiglioncello, Italy, June 3-5, 2007. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 30–39

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Tree Genetics & Genomes.

Blog post
Andrew D (2016) 18 “Healthy” Beverages That Surprisingly Contain A Ton Of Sugar. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2016) Commercial Space: FAA Should Examine How to Appropriately Regulate Space Support Vehicles. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Olanisa EL (2012) Mental health issues and use of health care services among older immigrant women in California. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley B (2016) A Weird Wedding Night. And Then …. New York Times C1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kessler 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Mitra and Stark 2001; Kessler 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Mitra and Stark 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Sabbah et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleTree Genetics & Genomes
AbbreviationTree Genet. Genomes
ISSN (print)1614-2942
ISSN (online)1614-2950
Molecular Biology

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