How to format your references using the Tree Genetics & Genomes citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Tree Genetics & Genomes. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ehrenreich H (2004) Medicine. A boost for translational neuroscience. Science 305:184–185
A journal article with 2 authors
Kramer T, Wilson A (2003) Making the move from physics to finance. Nature 425:220–221
A journal article with 3 authors
Aubert J, Finlay CC, Fournier A (2013) Bottom-up control of geomagnetic secular variation by the Earth’s inner core. Nature 502:219–223
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Stoll S, Delon J, Brotz TM, Germain RN (2002) Dynamic imaging of T cell-dendritic cell interactions in lymph nodes. Science 296:1873–1876

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ryan F (2013) Cognitive Therapy for Addiction. Blackwell Publishing Ltd., Oxford, UK
An edited book
Wang L (ed) (2014) Advances in Transport Phenomena 2011. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Nevile JW (2016) Just and Unjust Macro-economic Policy. In: Harcourt GC, Kriesler P, Nevile JW (eds) Post-Keynesian Essays from Down Under Volume III: Essays on Ethics, Social Justice and Economics: Theory and Policy in an Historical Context. Palgrave Macmillan UK, London, pp 34–44

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Tree Genetics & Genomes.

Blog post
Hamilton K (2017) Earthworms Are More Important Than Pandas (If You Want To Save The Planet). In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1973) Educational Laboratory and Research and Development Center Programs Need To Be Strengthened. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Garrett D (2013) A quantitative study of STEM goal and role alignment across stakeholder leaders in California: Advocacy for application of a systems solution approach. Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly RKR, whose most recent book of poems is ’ ’Not This Island Music, Literature ’ ’ Teaches, writing at Bard College (1987) I AM NOT A HALFBACK. New York Times 79

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ehrenreich 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Kramer and Wilson 2003; Ehrenreich 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kramer and Wilson 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Stoll et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleTree Genetics & Genomes
AbbreviationTree Genet. Genomes
ISSN (print)1614-2942
ISSN (online)1614-2950
Molecular Biology

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