How to format your references using the Traumatology: An International Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Traumatology: An International Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Zayats, A. V. (2013). Perspective: A glint of the future. Nature, 495(7440), S7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wang, X., & Zhou, Z. (2004). Palaeontology: pterosaur embryo from the Early Cretaceous. Nature, 429(6992), 621.
A journal article with 3 authors
Garner, H. R., McIver, L. J., & Waitzkin, M. B. (2013). Research funding: Same work, twice the money? Nature, 493(7434), 599–601.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Li, K., Cong, R., Wu, T., & Wang, L. (2014). Bluffing promotes overconfidence on social networks. Scientific Reports, 4, 5491.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft DFG. (2013). MAK- und BAT-Werte-Liste 2013. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Shen, W., Luo, J., Lin, Z., Barthès, J.-P. A., & Hao, Q. (Eds.). (2007). Computer Supported Cooperative Work in Design III: 10th International Conference, CSCWD 2006, Nanjing, China, May 3-5, 2006, Revised Selected Papers (Vol. 4402). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Gonzalvo, X., Taylor, P., Monzo, C., Iriondo, I., & Socoró, J. C. (2010). High Quality Emotional HMM-Based Synthesis in Spanish. In J. Solé-Casals & V. Zaiats (Eds.), Advances in Nonlinear Speech Processing: International Conference on Nonlinear Speech Processing, NOLISP 2009, Vic, Spain, June 25-27. Revised Selected Papers (pp. 26–34). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Traumatology: An International Journal.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2014, August 14). World’s Fastest Camera Takes 4.4 TRILLION Frames Per Second. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1987). Security at Nation’s Highest Risk Airports (T-RCED-88-14). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Equihua, D. (2010). The relationship of mental health and family factors to parental involvement in their children’s education among Latina mothers [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Poniewozik, J. (2016, October 14). Streaming at the Top of Her Lungs. New York Times, C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Zayats, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Wang & Zhou, 2004; Zayats, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wang & Zhou, 2004)
  • Three authors: (Garner et al., 2013)
  • 6 or more authors: (Li et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleTraumatology: An International Journal
AbbreviationTraumatology (Tallahass. Fla.)
ISSN (online)1085-9373
ScopeEmergency Medicine
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
General Nursing

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