How to format your references using the Transportmetrica A: Transport Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Transportmetrica A: Transport Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Panksepp, Jaak. 2005. “Psychology. Beyond a Joke: From Animal Laughter to Human Joy?” Science (New York, N.Y.) 308 (5718): 62–63.
A journal article with 2 authors
Long, Carole A., and Stephen L. Hoffman. 2002. “Parasitology. Malaria--from Infants to Genomics to Vaccines.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 297 (5580): 345–347.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lee, Juyong, Steven P. Gross, and Jooyoung Lee. 2013. “Improved Network Community Structure Improves Function Prediction.” Scientific Reports 3: 2197.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Tan, Chris Soon Heng, Ka Diam Go, Xavier Bisteau, Lingyun Dai, Chern Han Yong, Nayana Prabhu, Mert Burak Ozturk, et al. 2018. “Thermal Proximity Coaggregation for System-Wide Profiling of Protein Complex Dynamics in Cells.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 359 (6380): 1170–1177.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bernström, Seth. 2014. Valuation. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Santamaría, Luis. 2007. Neuroendocrine Cells and Peptidergic Innervation in Human and Rat Prostate. Edited by Lucia Alonso, Ildefonso Ingelmo, José Manuel Pozuelo, and Rosario Rodriguez. Vol. 194. Advances in Anatomy, Embryology and Cell Biology. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Mrozynski, Gerd, and Matthias Stallein. 2013. “Quasi Stationary Fields – Eddy Currents.” In Electromagnetic Field Theory: A Collection of Problems, edited by Matthias Stallein, 126–193. Wiesbaden: Vieweg+Teubner Verlag.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Transportmetrica A: Transport Science.

Blog post
Carpineti, Alfredo. 2016. “Weak Gravity Can Be Explained With 10 Million Billion New Particles.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1997. Federal Ships: Policy Changes in the Disposal of Surplus Ships. NSIAD-98-17R. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Witvorapong, Nopphol. 2011. “The Dynamics of Living Arrangements Among the Elderly.” Doctoral dissertation, Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Lipton, Eric, Steve Eder, and Ben Protess. 2017. “Ethical Hazards Dot the President’s Fairways.” New York Times, May 26.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Panksepp 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Panksepp 2005; Long and Hoffman 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Long and Hoffman 2002)
  • Three authors: (Lee, Gross, and Lee 2013)
  • 4 or more authors: (Tan et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleTransportmetrica A: Transport Science
ISSN (print)2324-9935
ISSN (online)2324-9943
ScopeGeneral Engineering

Other styles