How to format your references using the Transportation Research Part F: Psychology and Behaviour citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Transportation Research Part F: Psychology and Behaviour. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Appel, A. M. (2014). Electrochemistry: Catalysis at the boundaries. Nature, 508(7497), 460–461.
A journal article with 2 authors
Stephenson, N. L., & Das, A. J. (2011). Comment on “Changes in climatic water balance drive downhill shifts in plant species’ optimum elevations.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 334(6053), 177; author reply 177.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hillebrandt, H., Friston, K. J., & Blakemore, S.-J. (2014). Effective connectivity during animacy perception--dynamic causal modelling of Human Connectome Project data. Scientific Reports, 4, 6240.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Shibata, N., Pennycook, S. J., Gosnell, T. R., Painter, G. S., Shelton, W. A., & Becher, P. F. (2004). Observation of rare-earth segregation in silicon nitride ceramics at subnanometre dimensions. Nature, 428(6984), 730–733.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Marx, F. G., Lambert, O., & Uhen, M. D. (2016). Cetacean Paleobiology. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Lee, R. (Ed.). (2016). Applied Computing & Information Technology (Vol. 619). Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Lavagnino, Z., Zanacchi, F. C., & Diaspro, A. (2011). Role of Scattering and Nonlinear Effects in the Illumination and the Photobleaching Distribution Profiles. In A. Diaspro (Ed.), Optical Fluorescence Microscopy: From the Spectral to the Nano Dimension (pp. 75–84). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Transportation Research Part F: Psychology and Behaviour.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, February 19). Seven Myths About Scientists Debunked. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2013). Federal-Aid Highways: Improved Guidance Could Enhance States’ Use of Life-Cycle Cost Analysis in Pavement Selection (GAO-13-544). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Yahyai, S. (2013). Optimization of a method for testing ballast water for enterococci and an investigation on the occurrence of antibiotic resistance in vibrio cholerae [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Maryland, College Park.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M. W. (2014, October 15). Deal Is Said to Be Close in Detroit’s Bankruptcy. New York Times, A26.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Appel, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Appel, 2014; Stephenson & Das, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Stephenson & Das, 2011)
  • Three authors: (Hillebrandt et al., 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Shibata et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleTransportation Research Part F: Psychology and Behaviour
AbbreviationTransp. Res. Part F Traffic Psychol. Behav.
ISSN (print)1369-8478
ScopeAutomotive Engineering
Applied Psychology

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