How to format your references using the Transfusion and Apheresis Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Transfusion and Apheresis Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Claussen E. Climate policy. An effective approach to climate change. Science 2004;306:816.
A journal article with 2 authors
Jiggins FM, Hurst GDD. Microbiology. Rapid insect evolution by symbiont transfer. Science 2011;332:185–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gouldstone A, Van Vliet KJ, Suresh S. Nanoindentation. Simulation of defect nucleation in a crystal. Nature 2001;411:656.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Kistler AD, Caicedo A, Abdulreda MH, Faul C, Kerjaschki D, Berggren P-O, et al. In vivo imaging of kidney glomeruli transplanted into the anterior chamber of the mouse eye. Sci Rep 2014;4:3872.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Evans GM, Furlong JC. Environmental Biotechnology. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2010.
An edited book
Müller WE, editor. St. John’s Wort and its Active Principles in Depression and Anxiety. Basel: Birkhäuser; 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
Sun X, Liu S, Bao J, Kang K. Selective Laser Melting: Characteristics of IN718 Powder and Microstructures of Fabricated IN718 Sample. In: Carpenter JS, Bai C, Escobedo JP, Hwang J-Y, Ikhmayies S, Li B, et al., editors. Characterization of Minerals, Metals, and Materials 2015, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016, p. 29–37.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Transfusion and Apheresis Science.

Blog post
Andrew E. Mining For Metals In Society’s Waste. IFLScience 2015. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Space Acquisitions: GAO Assessment of DOD Responsive Launch Report. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2015.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Chung Y-K. A comparison of particle swarm optimization algorithms in data clustering. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Tackett M. Winning? Political Bellwether Grows Tired Waiting for Trump to Deliver. New York Times 2017:A16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleTransfusion and Apheresis Science
AbbreviationTransfus. Apher. Sci.
ISSN (print)1473-0502

Other styles