How to format your references using the Transactions of A. Razmadze Mathematical Institute citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Transactions of A. Razmadze Mathematical Institute. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
J.C. Meeks, Microbiology. Closing the cycle, Science. 334 (2011) 1508–1509.
A journal article with 2 authors
W.Y. Yang, M. Gruebele, Folding at the speed limit, Nature. 423 (2003) 193–197.
A journal article with 3 authors
J.D. Stanley, F. Goddio, G. Schnepp, Nile flooding sank two ancient cities, Nature. 412 (2001) 293–294.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
T. Liao, Z. Sun, C. Sun, S.X. Dou, D.J. Searles, Electronic coupling and catalytic effect on H2 evolution of MoS2/graphene nanocatalyst, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 6256.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
S. Bhalla, S. Moharana, V. Talakokula, N. Kaur, Piezoelectric Materials, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2016.
An edited book
C. Xu, Q. Shi, eds., Structure and Modeling of Complex Petroleum Mixtures, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
G. Manfredi, M. Devy, D. Sidobre, Textured Object Recognition: Balancing Model Robustness and Complexity, in: G. Azzopardi, N. Petkov (Eds.), Computer Analysis of Images and Patterns: 16th International Conference, CAIP 2015, Valletta, Malta, September 2-4, 2015 Proceedings, Part I, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2015: pp. 52–63.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Transactions of A. Razmadze Mathematical Institute.

Blog post
J. Davis, “Last” African Dinosaur Before They Went Extinct Discovered In Morocco, IFLScience. (2017). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Technology Transfer: NIH-Private Sector Partnership in the Development of Taxol, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2003.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
D. Iniguez, Mentoring through performing arts; A grant proposal for at risk youth in middle school, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M.W. Walsh, A. Goodnough, Edging Toward Default, New York Times. (2011) B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleTransactions of A. Razmadze Mathematical Institute
ISSN (print)2346-8092

Other styles