How to format your references using the Transactions of A. Razmadze Mathematical Institute citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Transactions of A. Razmadze Mathematical Institute. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
K.L. Tanaka, PLANETARY SCIENCE: Fountains of Youth, Science. 288 (2000) 2325.
A journal article with 2 authors
F.M. Jiggins, G.D.D. Hurst, Microbiology. Rapid insect evolution by symbiont transfer, Science. 332 (2011) 185–186.
A journal article with 3 authors
Y. Liang, D. Wu, R. Fu, Carbon microfibers with hierarchical porous structure from electrospun fiber-like natural biopolymer, Sci. Rep. 3 (2013) 1119.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
C.D. Gallup, H. Cheng, F.W. Taylor, R.L. Edwards, Direct determination of the timing of sea level change during termination II, Science. 295 (2002) 310–313.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
H. Traitler, B. Coleman, K. Hofmann, Food Industry Design, Technology and Innovation, John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ, 2015.
An edited book
J. Berglund, Y. Shanneik, B. Bocking, eds., Religious Education in a Global-Local World, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
M.M. Richter, R.O. Weber, Case Representations, in: R.O. Weber (Ed.), Case-Based Reasoning: A Textbook, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2013: pp. 87–111.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Transactions of A. Razmadze Mathematical Institute.

Blog post
E. Andrew, Video shows that seahorses are master assassins of the ocean, IFLScience. (2013).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, International Aviation: Competition Issues in the U.S.-U.K. Market, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1997.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
J.J. Turney, Police supervisory attributes that influence attitude towards Critical Incident Stress Management programs, Doctoral dissertation, Capella University, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
G. Vecsey, Foot in the Door, New York Times. (2010) B10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleTransactions of A. Razmadze Mathematical Institute
ISSN (print)2346-8092

Other styles