How to format your references using the Toxicology Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Toxicology Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1
S. H. Moolgavkar, Science, 2000, 290, 453d.
A journal article with 2 authors
1
J. S. Bader and J. Chant, Science, 2006, 311, 187–188.
A journal article with 3 authors
1
C. S. Jeffery, C. A. Tout and J. C. Lattanzio, Science, 2006, 311, 345–346.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1
P. L. Geissler, C. Dellago, D. Chandler, J. Hutter and M. Parrinello, Science, 2001, 291, 2121–2124.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1
A. A. Stocker, Analog VLSI Circuits for the Perception of Visual Motion, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2006.
An edited book
1
M. G. Moehrle, R. Isenmann and R. Phaal, Eds., Technology Roadmapping for Strategy and Innovation: Charting the Route to Success, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
1
J. C. H. Chen and H. A. Wu, in Creative Arts in Education and Culture: Perspectives from Greater China, eds. S. Leong and B. W. Leung, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 2013, pp. 43–53.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Toxicology Research.

Blog post
1
K. Hamilton, Humans Are Driving A New Burst Of Evolution Including Possibly Our Own, https://www.iflscience.com/editors-blog/humans-are-driving-a-new-burst-of-evolution-including-possibly-our-own/, (accessed 30 October 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1
Government Accountability Office, Transportation Worker Identification Credential: Card Reader Pilot Results Are Unreliable; Security Benefits Should Be Reassessed, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2013.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1
C. M. Rholdon, Doctoral dissertation, Northcentral University, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1
L. Saslow, New York Times, 2008, LI5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleToxicology Research
AbbreviationToxicol. Res. (Camb.)
ISSN (print)2045-452X
ISSN (online)2045-4538
ScopeHealth, Toxicology and Mutagenesis
Toxicology

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