How to format your references using the Toxicological & Environmental Chemistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Toxicological & Environmental Chemistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Roses, A. D. 2000. “Pharmacogenetics and the Practice of Medicine.” Nature 405 (6788): 857–865.
A journal article with 2 authors
Grant, Murray R., and Jonathan D. G. Jones. 2009. “Hormone (Dis)Harmony Moulds Plant Health and Disease.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 324 (5928): 750–752.
A journal article with 3 authors
Garrick-Bethell, Ian, Francis Nimmo, and Mark A. Wieczorek. 2010. “Structure and Formation of the Lunar Farside Highlands.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 330 (6006): 949–951.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Wu, Jian, Simon H. J. Brown, Sventja von Daake, and Susan S. Taylor. 2007. “PKA Type IIalpha Holoenzyme Reveals a Combinatorial Strategy for Isoform Diversity.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 318 (5848): 274–279.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Misra, Sudip, and Sumit Goswami. 2017. Network Routing. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Cheyne, Colin, and John Worrall, eds. 2006. Rationality and Reality: Conversations with Alan Musgrave. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Tremblay, Victor J., and Carol Horton Tremblay. 2012. “Behavioral Economics.” In New Perspectives on Industrial Organization: With Contributions from Behavioral Economics and Game Theory, edited by Carol Horton Tremblay, 101–119. Springer Texts in Business and Economics. New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Toxicological & Environmental Chemistry.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2014. “Huge Underground ‘Ocean’ Discovered Towards Earth’s Core.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1987. ADP System: Patent Office’s Contract Renegotiation Behind Schedule. IMTEC-87-35. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Grannis, Kerry Searle. 2010. “Secular Spiritual Quests in Modern American Novels, 1922–1960.” Doctoral dissertation, Washington, DC: George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rosenberg, Eli, and Sean Piccoli. 2017. “Police Shoot an Armed Man Wearing a Ballistics Vest.” New York Times, January 5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Roses 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Roses 2000; Grant and Jones 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Grant and Jones 2009)
  • Three authors: (Garrick-Bethell, Nimmo, and Wieczorek 2010)
  • 4 or more authors: (Wu et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleToxicological & Environmental Chemistry
AbbreviationToxicol. Environ. Chem.
ISSN (print)0277-2248
ISSN (online)1029-0486
ScopeEnvironmental Chemistry
Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

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