How to format your references using the Tourism Planning & Development citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Tourism Planning & Development. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Fischer, A. (2014). Gene therapy: Repair and replace. Nature, 510(7504), 226–227.
A journal article with 2 authors
Tsuda, A., & Osuka, A. (2001). Fully conjugated porphyrin tapes with electronic absorption bands that reach into infrared. Science (New York, N.Y.), 293(5527), 79–82.
A journal article with 3 authors
Duthie, C., Gibbs, G., & Burns, K. C. (2006). Seed dispersal by weta. Science (New York, N.Y.), 311(5767), 1575.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Andrews, L., Paradise, J., Holbrook, T., & Bochneak, D. (2006). Science and law. When patents threaten science. Science (New York, N.Y.), 314(5804), 1395–1396.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bonem, J. M. (2011). Problem Solving for Process Operators and Specialists. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Delia, P. (2008). Mule 2: A Developer’s Guide to ESB and Integration Platform (A. Borg, Ed.). Apress.
A chapter in an edited book
Quintero, J., & Venkatasubramanian, V. M. (2009). A Real-Time Wide-Area Controller for Mitigating Small-Signal Instability. In A. R. Messina (Ed.), Inter-area Oscillations in Power Systems: A Nonlinear and Nonstationary Perspective (pp. 127–157). Springer US.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Tourism Planning & Development.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, July 7). What the Dog-Fish and Camel-Bird can tell us about how our brains work. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1993). Space Station: Information on National Security Applications and Cost (NSIAD-93-208). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tzillah, A. (2009). The emissions of selected air pollutants from biodiesel fuel usage [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Cincinnati.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Eligon, J., Yee, V., & Furber, M. (2017, July 22). Resurgent Cry in Minnesota Police Killing: Why? New York Times, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Fischer, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Fischer, 2014; Tsuda & Osuka, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Tsuda & Osuka, 2001)
  • Three authors: (Duthie et al., 2006)
  • 6 or more authors: (Andrews et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleTourism Planning & Development
ISSN (print)2156-8316
ISSN (online)2156-8324
ScopeBusiness and International Management
Tourism, Leisure and Hospitality Management

Other styles