How to format your references using the Tourism Planning & Development citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Tourism Planning & Development. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bargmann, C. I. (2006). Comparative chemosensation from receptors to ecology. Nature, 444(7117), 295–301.
A journal article with 2 authors
Vaquero-Sedas, M. I., & Vega-Palas, M. A. (2013). Differential association of Arabidopsis telomeres and centromeres with histone H3 variants. Scientific Reports, 3, 1202.
A journal article with 3 authors
Stewart, J. T., Gaebler, J. P., & Jin, D. S. (2008). Using photoemission spectroscopy to probe a strongly interacting Fermi gas. Nature, 454(7205), 744–747.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Mendes, R., Kruijt, M., de Bruijn, I., Dekkers, E., van der Voort, M., Schneider, J. H. M., Piceno, Y. M., DeSantis, T. Z., Andersen, G. L., Bakker, P. A. H. M., & Raaijmakers, J. M. (2011). Deciphering the rhizosphere microbiome for disease-suppressive bacteria. Science (New York, N.Y.), 332(6033), 1097–1100.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Al-Shuhail, A. A., Al-Dossary, S. A., & Mousa, W. A. (2017). Seismic Data Interpretation using Digital Image Processing. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Mathena, J. (2009). Success with Microsoft Dynamics CRM 4.0: Implementing Customer Relationship Management (A. Yetter & H. Hostetler, Eds.). Apress.
A chapter in an edited book
Amerio, L. (2011). Almost-Periodic Equations in Hilbert Spaces. In L. Amerio (Ed.), Equazioni differenziali astratte (pp. 223–239). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Tourism Planning & Development.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, May 26). How We Found The Source Of The Mystery Signals At The Dish. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1981). Comments on Proposed FPR Subpart (B-203515). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mukherjee, N. (2003). Development of High Sensitivity Bending Mode Polymer Piezoelectric Devices for Inner Ear Implantation [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Cincinnati.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G. (2013, March 12). Where Are the Yankees I Loved to Hate? New York Times, B13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bargmann, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Bargmann, 2006; Vaquero-Sedas & Vega-Palas, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Vaquero-Sedas & Vega-Palas, 2013)
  • Three authors: (Stewart et al., 2008)
  • 6 or more authors: (Mendes et al., 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleTourism Planning & Development
ISSN (print)2156-8316
ISSN (online)2156-8324
ScopeBusiness and International Management
Tourism, Leisure and Hospitality Management

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