How to format your references using the Thérapie citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Thérapie. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Tyndall G. Chemistry. Vibrational excitation can control tropospheric chemistry. Science 2012;337:1046–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Smith MTJ, Rubinstein JL. Structural biology. Beyond blob-ology. Science 2014;345:617–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bonasio R, Tu S, Reinberg D. Molecular signals of epigenetic states. Science 2010;330:612–6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Wang X, Song J, Liu J, Wang ZL. Direct-current nanogenerator driven by ultrasonic waves. Science 2007;316:102–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Mead DE. Becoming a Marriage and Family Therapist. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell; 2013.
An edited book
Bianchi MT, editor. Sleep Deprivation and Disease: Effects on the Body, Brain and Behavior. New York, NY: Springer; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
Rae I. Implementing the Right to Food in Uganda: Advances, Challenges and the Way Forward. In: Lambek NCS, Claeys P, Wong A, Brilmayer L, editors. Rethinking Food Systems: Structural Challenges, New Strategies and the Law, Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2014, p. 75–98.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Thérapie.

Blog post
Fang J. New 4D Ultrasound Scans Reveal Effects of Smoking on a Fetus. IFLScience 2015. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. From School to Work. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1992.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Austin JH. Performing the past: Two pageant traditions in Nauvoo, Illinois. Doctoral dissertation. Indiana University, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shpigel B. Rangers Even Series With Emphatic Win as Lindberg Scores Twice. New York Times 2017:B9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleThérapie
ISSN (print)0040-5957
ScopePharmacology (medical)

Other styles