How to format your references using the Thérapie citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Thérapie. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lu PJ. Early precision compound machine from ancient China. Science 2004;304:1638.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wookey J, Helffrich G. Inner-core shear-wave anisotropy and texture from an observation of PKJKP waves. Nature 2008;454:873–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
Laliberté E, Zemunik G, Turner BL. Environmental filtering explains variation in plant diversity along resource gradients. Science 2014;345:1602–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Makris NC, Ratilal P, Jagannathan S, Gong Z, Andrews M, Bertsatos I, et al. Critical population density triggers rapid formation of vast oceanic fish shoals. Science 2009;323:1734–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Love J, Bryant JA. Biofuels and Bioenergy. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2017.
An edited book
Schulze T, Müller B, Meyer G, editors. Advanced Microsystems for Automotive Applications 2015: Smart Systems for Green and Automated Driving. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Han M, Lee N, Han K, Lee D. Fast IP Handover Between Satellite Networks and Wireless LAN Networks for High-Speed Trains. In: Fan L, Cruickshank H, Sun Z, editors. IP Networking over Next-Generation Satellite Systems: International Workshop, Budapest, July 2007, New York, NY: Springer; 2008, p. 49–57.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Thérapie.

Blog post
Luntz S. What We Learned At Behavior 2015. IFLScience 2015. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Opportunities Still Exist To Better Use the Mint’s Data Processing Center. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1981.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Johnson DA. Job satisfaction in the operating room: An analysis of the cultural competence of nurses. Doctoral dissertation. Capella University, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon M. With Gadgetry, New York Race May Be Watched Like No Other. New York Times 2014:D6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleThérapie
ISSN (print)0040-5957
ScopePharmacology (medical)

Other styles