How to format your references using the The Review of Faith & International Affairs citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Review of Faith & International Affairs. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Conard, Nicholas J. 2009. “A Female Figurine from the Basal Aurignacian of Hohle Fels Cave in Southwestern Germany.” Nature 459 (7244): 248–252.
A journal article with 2 authors
Fengos, Georgios, and Dagmar Iber. 2013. “Prediction Stability in a Data-Based, Mechanistic Model of ΣF Regulation during Sporulation in Bacillus Subtilis.” Scientific Reports 3 (September): 2755.
A journal article with 3 authors
Okuwaki, Ryo, Yuji Yagi, and Shiro Hirano. 2014. “Relationship between High-Frequency Radiation and Asperity Ruptures, Revealed by Hybrid Back-Projection with a Non-Planar Fault Model.” Scientific Reports 4 (November): 7120.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Nemeth, Elizabeta, Marie S. Tuttle, Julie Powelson, Michael B. Vaughn, Adriana Donovan, Diane Mcvey Ward, Tomas Ganz, and Jerry Kaplan. 2004. “Hepcidin Regulates Cellular Iron Efflux by Binding to Ferroportin and Inducing Its Internalization.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 306 (5704): 2090–2093.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Youssef, Helmi A. 2015. Machining of Stainless Steels and Super Alloys. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Curry, Guy L. 2011. Manufacturing Systems Modeling and Analysis. Edited by Richard M. Feldman. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Caffrey, Melanie. 2010. “The DBA as Designer.” In Expert Oracle Practices: Oracle Database Administration from the Oak Table, edited by Pete Finnigan, Randolf Geist, Alex Gorbachev, Tim Gorman, Connie Green, Charles Hooper, Jonathan Lewis, et al., 73–110. Berkeley, CA: Apress.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Review of Faith & International Affairs.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2014. “Massive Chunk of Glacier Breaks Off Into Ocean.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1987. Buy America Requirements: Federal Enforcement Questioned in Sacramento Mass Transit Procurement. RCED-87-162FS. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
O’Connell, Annette Margaret. 2008. “Customer Retention and Leadership in the Nonprofit Healthcare Organization.” Doctoral dissertation, Phoenix, AZ: University of Phoenix.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, Linda. 2007. “High Court Puts Limits On Patents.” New York Times, May 1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Conard 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Conard 2009; Fengos and Iber 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Fengos and Iber 2013)
  • Three authors: (Okuwaki, Yagi, and Hirano 2014)
  • 4 or more authors: (Nemeth et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Review of Faith & International Affairs
AbbreviationRev. Faith Int. Aff.
ISSN (print)1557-0274
ISSN (online)1931-7743
ScopeReligious studies
Sociology and Political Science

Other styles