How to format your references using the The Review of Faith & International Affairs citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Review of Faith & International Affairs. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Griffith, Leslie C. 2014. “Neuroscience: What Females Really Want.” Nature 512 (7513): 138–139.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lockhart, D. J., and E. A. Winzeler. 2000. “Genomics, Gene Expression and DNA Arrays.” Nature 405 (6788): 827–836.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wisniewski, Wolfgang, Marek Patschger, and Christian Rüssel. 2013. “Viscous Fingering and Dendritic Growth of Surface Crystallized Sr2TiSi2O8 Fresnoite.” Scientific Reports 3 (December): 3558.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Yang, Cai-Guang, Chengqi Yi, Erica M. Duguid, Christopher T. Sullivan, Xing Jian, Phoebe A. Rice, and Chuan He. 2008. “Crystal Structures of DNA/RNA Repair Enzymes AlkB and ABH2 Bound to DsDNA.” Nature 452 (7190): 961–965.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Stein, Paul D. 2016. Pulmonary Embolism. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Miri, Seyed Javad, Robert Lake, and Tricia M. Kress, eds. 2014. Reclaiming the Sane Society: Essays on Erich Fromm’s Thought. Imagination and Praxis, Criticality and Creativity in Education and Educational Research. Rotterdam: SensePublishers.
A chapter in an edited book
Smith, Delaney, Tara Mayes, and Riley Smith. 2012. “Culture-Specific Diagnoses.” In Encyclopedia of Immigrant Health, edited by Sana Loue and Martha Sajatovic, 49–64. New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Review of Faith & International Affairs.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2014. “New Superhydrophobic Surface Inspired By The Eye Of A Fly.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2006. Aviation Finance: Observations on Potential FAA Funding Options. GAO-06-973. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Liu, Sheng. 2010. “Methods for Generating Addressable Focus Cues in Stereoscopic Displays.” Doctoral dissertation, Tucson, AZ: University of Arizona.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Strauss, Ben. 2017. “N.C.A.A. Deal Pays Athletes Back for Hidden Costs of a Full Ride.” New York Times, February 13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Griffith 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Griffith 2014; Lockhart and Winzeler 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lockhart and Winzeler 2000)
  • Three authors: (Wisniewski, Patschger, and Rüssel 2013)
  • 4 or more authors: (Yang et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Review of Faith & International Affairs
AbbreviationRev. Faith Int. Aff.
ISSN (print)1557-0274
ISSN (online)1931-7743
ScopeReligious studies
Sociology and Political Science

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