How to format your references using the The Review of Faith & International Affairs citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Review of Faith & International Affairs. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Heckman, James J. 2006. “Skill Formation and the Economics of Investing in Disadvantaged Children.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 312 (5782): 1900–1902.
A journal article with 2 authors
Knutson, Bruce A., and Steven Hahn. 2011. “Yeast Rrn7 and Human TAF1B Are TFIIB-Related RNA Polymerase I General Transcription Factors.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 333 (6049): 1637–1640.
A journal article with 3 authors
Righton, D., J. Metcalfe, and P. Connolly. 2001. “Fisheries. Different Behaviour of North and Irish Sea Cod.” Nature 411 (6834): 156.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Liu, Benli, Jianjun Qu, Weimin Zhang, Lihai Tan, and Yanhong Gao. 2014. “Numerical Evaluation of the Scale Problem on the Wind Flow of a Windbreak.” Scientific Reports 4 (October): 6619.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Li, Wenyuan. 2004. Risk Assessment of Power Systems. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Cazenave, Thierry, David Costa, Orlando Lopes, Raúl Manásevich, Paul Rabinowitz, Bernhard Ruf, and Carlos Tomei, eds. 2006. Contributions to Nonlinear Analysis: A Tribute to D.G. de Figueiredo on the Occasion of His 70th Birthday. Vol. 66. Progress in Nonlinear Differential Equations and Their Applications. Basel: Birkhäuser.
A chapter in an edited book
Otero, César, and Pierpaolo Valentini. 2016. “Decision Support System in Product Engineering.” In Research in Interactive Design (Vol. 4): Mechanics, Design Engineering and Advanced Manufacturing, edited by Xavier Fischer, Alain Daidie, Benoit Eynard, and Manuel Paredes, 27–34. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Review of Faith & International Affairs.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2014. “Genetic Analysis Reveals Ancient Connection Between Fins and Hands.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1981. Better Accountability Procedures Needed in NSF and NIH Research Grant Systems. PAD-81-29. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tse, Jasmine. 2009. “An Explication of the Hilbert Basis Theorem and Its Relation to School Mathematics.” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, Michael. 1993. “Clinton Said to Consider Sending Troops to Bosnia.” New York Times, February 10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Heckman 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Heckman 2006; Knutson and Hahn 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Knutson and Hahn 2011)
  • Three authors: (Righton, Metcalfe, and Connolly 2001)
  • 4 or more authors: (Liu et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Review of Faith & International Affairs
AbbreviationRev. Faith Int. Aff.
ISSN (print)1557-0274
ISSN (online)1931-7743
ScopeReligious studies
Sociology and Political Science

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