How to format your references using the The Journals of Gerontology, Series A: Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journals of Gerontology, Series A: Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Barnes DKA. Biodiversity: invasions by marine life on plastic debris. Nature. 2002;416(6883):808-809.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sobel HW, Suzuki Y. Obituary: Yoji Totsuka (1942-2008). Nature. 2008;454(7207):954.
A journal article with 3 authors
Shaviv NJ, Prokoph A, Veizer J. Is the solar system’s galactic motion imprinted in the Phanerozoic climate? Sci Rep. 2014;4:6150.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Mechsner F, Kerzel D, Knoblich G, Prinz W. Perceptual basis of bimanual coordination. Nature. 2001;414(6859):69-73.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Möller G. Geotechnik. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2012. ISBN:9783433601945.
An edited book
Abraham A, Lloret Mauri J, Buford JF, Suzuki J, Thampi SM, eds. Advances in Computing and Communications: First International Conference, ACC 2011, Kochi, India, July 22-24, 2011. Proceedings, Part II. Vol 191. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011. ISBN:9783642227134.
A chapter in an edited book
Zhang JY, Ohsaki M. Stability. In: Ohsaki M, ed. Tensegrity Structures: Form, Stability, and Symmetry. Mathematics for Industry. Tokyo: Springer Japan; 2015:97-135. ISBN:9784431548126.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journals of Gerontology, Series A: Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences.

Blog post
Andrew E. Doctors Bow After 11-Year-Old Brain Tumor Patient Donates Organs. IFLScience. Published August 4, 2014. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Civil Service Commission Should Correct Weaknesses in Its Automatic Data Processing Policies and Practices. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1978.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nawpar RT. Uranyl glass for thermometry. 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Harris K. Commuter Wear. New York Times. September 26, 2017:ST3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journals of Gerontology, Series A: Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
AbbreviationJ. Gerontol. A Biol. Sci. Med. Sci.
ISSN (print)1079-5006
ISSN (online)1758-535X
Geriatrics and Gerontology

Other styles