How to format your references using the The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Connelly JN. Geochemistry. Adjusting the solar system’s absolute clock. Science 2010;327(5964):422–423.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lam I, Keeney S. Nonparadoxical evolutionary stability of the recombination initiation landscape in yeast. Science 2015;350(6263):932–937.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hillenbrand R, Taubner T, Keilmann F. Phonon-enhanced light matter interaction at the nanometre scale. Nature 2002;418(6894):159–162.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Sanz JL, Chiappe LM, Fernández-Jalvo Y, Ortega F, Sánchez-Chillón B, Poyato-Ariza FJ, Pérez-Moreno BP. An early Cretaceous pellet. Nature 2001;409(6823):998–1000.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Marston RC. Portfolio Design. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2011.
An edited book
Torre A. Regional Development in Rural Areas: Analytical Tools and Public Policies. (Wallet F, ed.). Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Bedinger PA, Fowler JE. The Maize Male Gametophyte. In: Bennetzen JL, Hake SC, eds. Handbook of Maize: Its Biology. New York, NY: Springer; 2009:57–77.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism.

Blog post
Andrew E. Scientists Have Developed A Flying Tricycle. IFLScience 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. School Facilities: America’s Schools Report Differing Conditions. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1996.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Witvorapong N. The Dynamics of Living Arrangements Among the Elderly. 2011.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky S. Russian Leaders Attend Installation of Orthodox Patriarch. New York Times. February 2, 2009:A8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism
AbbreviationJ. Clin. Endocrinol. Metab.
ISSN (print)0021-972X
ISSN (online)1945-7197
Clinical Biochemistry
Biochemistry, medical
Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

Other styles