How to format your references using the The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mouillet D. Astronomy. Nearby planetary disks. Science 2004;303(5666):1982–1983.
A journal article with 2 authors
Paerl HW, Huisman J. Climate. Blooms like it hot. Science 2008;320(5872):57–58.
A journal article with 3 authors
Vander Heiden MG, Cantley LC, Thompson CB. Understanding the Warburg effect: the metabolic requirements of cell proliferation. Science 2009;324(5930):1029–1033.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Nelson CA 3rd, Zeanah CH, Fox NA, Marshall PJ, Smyke AT, Guthrie D. Cognitive recovery in socially deprived young children: the Bucharest Early Intervention Project. Science 2007;318(5858):1937–1940.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Anjum B, Perros H. Bandwidth Allocation for Video Under Quality of Service Constraints. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2015.
An edited book
Chaudhary M. Practical jQuery. (Kumar A, ed.). Berkeley, CA: Apress; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Turkoglu K, Olgac N. Robust Control for Multiple Time Delay MIMO Systems with Delay - Decouplability Concept. In: Loiseau JJ, Michiels W, Niculescu S-I, Sipahi R, eds. Topics in Time Delay Systems: Analysis, Algorithms and Control. Lecture Notes in Control and Information Sciences. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009:37–47.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism.

Blog post
Andrew E. FDA Grants Approval for New Robotic Surgical Aid. IFLScience 2014. Available at: Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Federal Research: Information on Site Selection Process for DOE’s Super Collider. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1989.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hogg JH. An assessment of social vulnerability in Yuba County, California. 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Haigney S. Stunt Deaths Renew a Debate Over Safety. New York Times. August 29, 2017:C4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism
AbbreviationJ. Clin. Endocrinol. Metab.
ISSN (print)0021-972X
ISSN (online)1945-7197
Clinical Biochemistry
Biochemistry, medical
Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

Other styles