How to format your references using the The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Grayson M. Physics masterclass. Nature 2012;490(7419):S1.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kohno M, Koizumi Y. Tokaimura accident. Neutron dose estimates from 5-yen coins. Nature 2000;406(6797):693.
A journal article with 3 authors
Smith TM, Karl TR, Reynolds RW. Climate modeling. How accurate are climate simulations? Science 2002;296(5567):483–484.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Huang Z-G, Dong J-Q, Huang L, Lai Y-C. Universal flux-fluctuation law in small systems. Sci. Rep. 2014;4:6787.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
King JA, Timacheff S. Digital Photography for Dummies®. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley Publishing, Inc.; 2008.
An edited book
Herik HJ van D, Xu X, Ma Z, Winands MHM, eds. Computers and Games: 6th International Conference, CG 2008, Beijing, China, September 29 - October 1, 2008. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
Rani A, Goel R. Strategies for Crop Improvement in Contaminated Soils Using Metal-Tolerant Bioinoculants. In: Khan MS, Zaidi A, Musarrat J, eds. Microbial Strategies for Crop Improvement. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009:85–104.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism.

Blog post
Andrew D. Here Are The Areas In The Us Most Likely To Be Struck In A Nuclear Attack By Russia. IFLScience 2017. Available at: Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Experimental Schools Program: Opportunities To Improve the Management of an Educational Research Program. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1976.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Fischer D. Psychology and people living with hiv/aids: A critical review of the literature. 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh MW. Hedge Fund Sues to Have Puerto Rico’s Bankruptcy Case Thrown Out. New York Times. August 7, 2017:B6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism
AbbreviationJ. Clin. Endocrinol. Metab.
ISSN (print)0021-972X
ISSN (online)1945-7197
Clinical Biochemistry
Biochemistry, medical
Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

Other styles