How to format your references using the The Journal of Basic & Applied Zoology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Basic & Applied Zoology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Juergens, N., 2013. The biological underpinnings of Namib Desert fairy circles. Science 339, 1618–1621.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hansen, D.M., Galetti, M., 2009. Ecology. The forgotten megafauna. Science 324, 42–43.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lambert, J.B., Gurusamy-Thangavelu, S.A., Ma, K., 2010. The silicate-mediated formose reaction: bottom-up synthesis of sugar silicates. Science 327, 984–986.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Raoult, D., Audic, S., Robert, C., Abergel, C., Renesto, P., Ogata, H., La Scola, B., Suzan, M., Claverie, J.-M., 2004. The 1.2-megabase genome sequence of Mimivirus. Science 306, 1344–1350.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Noar, J., 2014. Interceptive Orthodontics. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Clark, R.M., Hakim, S., Ostfeld, A. (Eds.), 2011. Handbook of Water and Wastewater Systems Protection, Protecting Critical Infrastructure. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Juan-Albarracín, J., Fuster-Garcia, E., García-Gómez, J.M., 2016. An Online Platform for the Automatic Reporting of Multi-parametric Tissue Signatures: A Case Study in Glioblastoma, in: Crimi, A., Menze, B., Maier, O., Reyes, M., Winzeck, S., Handels, H. (Eds.), Brainlesion: Glioma, Multiple Sclerosis, Stroke and Traumatic Brain Injuries: Second International Workshop, BrainLes 2016, with the Challenges on BRATS, ISLES and MTOP 2016, Held in Conjunction with MICCAI 2016, Athens, Greece, October 17, 2016, Revised Selected Papers, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 43–51.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Basic & Applied Zoology.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. Mechanisms Contributing To The Rare Ability To Control HIV Infection Found [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1992. Natural Gas: Factors Affecting Approval Times for Construction of Natural Gas Pipelines (No. RCED-92-100). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Karasik, B.A., 2015. Tele-collaboration in theatre: Collaboration mgmt tools in a digital and globalized age (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Cooper, M., Walsh, M.W., 2013. Buying a Gun? States Consider Insurance Rule. New York Times A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Juergens, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Hansen and Galetti, 2009; Juergens, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hansen and Galetti, 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Raoult et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Basic & Applied Zoology
AbbreviationJ. Basic Appl. Zool.
ISSN (print)2090-9896

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