How to format your references using the The Journal of Basic & Applied Zoology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Basic & Applied Zoology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik, P., 2002. A youthful field. Nature 419, 3.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wang, Z.L., Song, J., 2006. Piezoelectric nanogenerators based on zinc oxide nanowire arrays. Science 312, 242–246.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bhavsar, A.P., Guttman, J.A., Finlay, B.B., 2007. Manipulation of host-cell pathways by bacterial pathogens. Nature 449, 827–834.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Zhang, X., Hu, C., Bai, H., Yan, Y., Li, J., Yang, H., Lu, X., Xi, G., 2013. Construction of self-supported three-dimensional TiO2 sheeted networks with enhanced photocatalytic activity. Sci. Rep. 3, 3563.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Beiser, L., 2005. Unified Optical Scanning Technology. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Briand, F.-P., 2005. Microsoft Content Management Server Field Guide. A-Press, Berkeley, CA.
A chapter in an edited book
Aumüller, M., Dietzfelbinger, M., 2013. Optimal Partitioning for Dual Pivot Quicksort, in: Fomin, F.V., Freivalds, R., Kwiatkowska, M., Peleg, D. (Eds.), Automata, Languages, and Programming: 40th International Colloquium, ICALP 2013, Riga, Latvia, July 8-12, 2013, Proceedings, Part I, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 33–44.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Basic & Applied Zoology.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. We Need To Stop Australia’s Genetic Heritage From Being Taken Overseas [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1993. Department of Education: Long-Standing Management Problems Hamper Reforms (No. HRD-93-47). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bottorff, E.A., 2011. The community college baccalaureate: A study of capital costs in Florida (Doctoral dissertation). Florida Atlantic University, Boca Raton, FL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Fausset, R., Blinder, A., Eligon, J., 2016. Blacks Beg to Differ With Trump’s Depiction. New York Times A12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smaglik, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Smaglik, 2002; Wang and Song, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wang and Song, 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Zhang et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Basic & Applied Zoology
AbbreviationJ. Basic Appl. Zool.
ISSN (print)2090-9896

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