How to format your references using the The Journal of Basic & Applied Zoology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Basic & Applied Zoology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bregman, J.N., 2002. Cosmology. The cosmic web of baryons. Science 298, 72–73.
A journal article with 2 authors
Brookes, D., Etkina, E., 2010. SPORE series winner. Physical phenomena in real time. Science 330, 605–606.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wake, D.B., Wake, M.H., Specht, C.D., 2011. Homoplasy: from detecting pattern to determining process and mechanism of evolution. Science 331, 1032–1035.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Snow, M., Cox, S.-L., Jenkin, G., Trounson, A., Shaw, J., 2002. Generation of live young from xenografted mouse ovaries. Science 297, 2227.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wierenga, E.R., 2016. The Philosophy of Religion. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Rajendram, R., Preedy, V.R., Patel, V.B. (Eds.), 2015. Branched Chain Amino Acids in Clinical Nutrition: Volume 1, Nutrition and Health. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Aronoff, C.E., Ward, J.L., 2011. Finding and Choosing an Advisor, in: Ward, J.L. (Ed.), How to Choose and Use Advisors: Getting the Best Professional Family Business Advice. Palgrave Macmillan US, New York, NY, pp. 57–64.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Basic & Applied Zoology.

Blog post
Carpineti, A., 2015. Simulation Shows What Happens To Rocks After A Meteor Impact [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2005. School Meal Programs: Competitive Foods Are Widely Available and Generate Substantial Revenues for Schools (No. GAO-05-563). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Purdioux, L., 2015. Predicting deception detection ability based on the concept of self-compassionate personality trait, openness personality structure, and agreeableness personality structure (Doctoral dissertation). Capella University, Minneapolis, MN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
(nyt), S.K., 2005. World Briefing | Europe: Russia: Arson Suspected In Synagogue Fire. New York Times A9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bregman, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Bregman, 2002; Brookes and Etkina, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Brookes and Etkina, 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Snow et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Basic & Applied Zoology
AbbreviationJ. Basic Appl. Zool.
ISSN (print)2090-9896

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