How to format your references using the The Journal of Basic & Applied Zoology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Basic & Applied Zoology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Brauer, J., 2005. Establishing indicators for biodiversity. Science 308, 791–2; author reply 791-2.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gundersen, G.G., Bretscher, A., 2003. Cell biology. Microtubule asymmetry. Science 300, 2040–2041.
A journal article with 3 authors
Achlioptas, D., D’Souza, R.M., Spencer, J., 2009. Explosive percolation in random networks. Science 323, 1453–1455.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Muroyama, Y., Fujiwara, Y., Orkin, S.H., Rowitch, D.H., 2005. Specification of astrocytes by bHLH protein SCL in a restricted region of the neural tube. Nature 438, 360–363.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lacaze, P.C., Lacroix, J.-C., 2014. Non-Volatile Memories. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Grinevetsky, S.R., 2015. The Black Sea Encyclopedia. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Pasin, M., Kuonen, P., Danelutto, M., Aldinucci, M., 2007. Skeleton Parallel Programming and Parallel Objects, in: Gorlatch, S., Danelutto, M. (Eds.), Integrated Research in GRID Computing: CoreGRID Integration Workshop 2005 (Selected Papers) November 28–30, Pisa, Italy. Springer US, Boston, MA, pp. 59–71.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Basic & Applied Zoology.

Blog post
Evans, K., 2016. The Edge Of The Universe Is Closer Than Scientists Previously Thought [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1987. Satellite Acquisition: Global Positioning System Acquisition Changes After Challenger’s Accident (No. NSIAD-87-209BR). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Little, K., 2013. Using Ancient and Modern Fishes to Track Environmental Change in the Illinois River (Doctoral dissertation). Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wyatt, E., Walsh, M.W., 2012. For Flood Victims, Another Blow Is Possible. New York Times B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Brauer, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Brauer, 2005; Gundersen and Bretscher, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gundersen and Bretscher, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Muroyama et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Basic & Applied Zoology
AbbreviationJ. Basic Appl. Zool.
ISSN (print)2090-9896

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